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Nyangatom (also Inyangatom, Donyiro, Dongiro, Idongiro) is a Nilo-Saharan language (Eastern Sudanic, Nilotic) spoken in Ethiopia by the Nyangatom people. It is an oral language only, having no working orthography at present. Related languages include Toposa and Turkana, both of which have a level of mutual intelligibility; Blench (2012) counts it as a dialect of Turkana.

Nyangatom
Native toEthiopia
RegionOmo River region
EthnicityNyangatom
Native speakers
24,000 (2007 census)[1]
none
Language codes
ISO 639-3nnj
Glottolognyan1315[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Contents

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar
Plosive Voiceless p t k
Voiced b d ɡ
Affricate Voiceless t͡ʃ
Voiced d͡ʒ
Fricative s
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Flap r
Approximant w l j

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i u
Near-close ɪ ʊ
Close-mid e o
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a
  • Vowel length is contrastive in Nyangatom, as in dʒík 'completely' vs. dʒíík 'always'
  • Before a pause, short vowels carrying a single, simple tone are devoiced.

BibliographyEdit

  • Dimmendall, Gerrit J. 2007. "Ñaŋatom language" in Siegbert Uhlig (ed.) Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, Vol 3. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. pp. 1131–1132.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2007 Census
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Nyangatom". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.