Numitor

In Roman mythology, King Numitor (/ˈnjmɪtər, -tɔːr/) of Alba Longa, was the maternal grandfather of Rome's founder and first king, Romulus, and his twin brother Remus. He was the son of Procas, descendant of Aeneas the Trojan' mother, Rhea Silvia, and Lausus.[1]a

Numitor from Nuremberg chronicles

In 794 BC[2] Procas died and was meant to be succeeded by Numitor. Instead he was overthrown and removed from the kingdom by his brother, Amulius, who had no respect for his father's will or his brother's seniority.[3] Amulius also murdered his sons, in an effort to remove power from his brother for himself.[3]

Rhea Silvia was made a Vestal Virgin by Amulius rendering her unable to have children on pain of death; however, she was forcibly impregnated by the god Mars.[4] Romulus and Remus overthrew Amulius and reinstated Numitor as king in 752 B.C .[5]

Family treeEdit

Descent of the Kings of Alba Longa
AnchisesVenusLatinusAmata
CreusaAeneasLavinia
IulusAscanius
Silvius
Aeneas Silvius
Latinus Silvius
Alba (Silvius)
Atys
Capys
Capetus
Tiberinus
Agrippa
Romulus Silvius
Aventinus
Proca
NumitorAmulius
Rhea SilviaMars
HersiliaRomulusRemus
Prima


See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

^ Ovid names his children as Lausus and Ilia[6] whereas Livy says Amulius had his two sons killed.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ovid Fasti IV
  2. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus Roman Antiquities 71.4
  3. ^ a b Livy I.3.10
  4. ^ Livy I.4.2
  5. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus Roman Antiquities 71.5
  6. ^ Ovid Fasti IV
  7. ^ Livy Roman History I.3.10
Legendary titles
Preceded by
Procas
King of Alba Longa
first reign
Succeeded by
Amulius
Preceded by
Amulius
King of Alba Longa
second reign
Succeeded by
Romulus