The Nukha uezd[a] was a county (uezd) of the Elizavetpol Governorate of the Russian Empire and later of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic with its center in Nukha (present-day Shaki) from 1868 until its formal abolition in 1921 by the Soviet authorities of the Azerbaijan SSR.
|• Total||4,193.79 km2 (1,619.23 sq mi)|
|• Density||44/km2 (110/sq mi)|
The Nukha uezd was located in the far northeastern part of the Elizavetpol Governorate, bordering the Dagestan Oblast to the north, the Baku Governorate to the east, the Zakatal Okrug to the west, and the Aresh uezd to the south. The administrative center of the Nukha uezd was the city of Nukha. The northern part of the uezd was largely mountainous and laid along the Greater Caucasus mountain range, where the altitude reaches as high as 14-15 thousand feet in altitude. The notable peaks of the district included Mount Bazardüzü (14,722 ft) and Tkhfan Dag (13,764 ft) whose valleys were enriched with many rivers. The southern part of the region possessed the best conditions for agricultural use including gardening, harvesting rice and sericulture. The main rivers in the Nukha uezd were Shin-chay, Kish-chay, Ajighan-chay, Turyanchay, Goychay which were used for irrigation purposes.
After the establishment of Russian rule over the khanates in the South Caucasus and the implementation of administrative reforms, the territories of the erstwhile Shaki Khanate were incorporated into Shamakhi Governorate of the Russian Empire, later ebing renamed to the Baku Governorate. Upon establishment of the Elizavetpol Governorate in 1868, the Nukha uezd was transferred from the Baku to Elizavetpol Governorates. In 1874, the southern section of Nukha uezd was separated to form the Aresh uezd within the same governorate. On 30 August 1918, the Elizavetpol Governorate was officially renamed to the Ganja Governorate in an effort by the authorities of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic to de-Russify the region of its Tsarist toponyms.
|Uchastok||Russian name||1912 population||Area|
|1st||1-й участокъ||25,017||332.21 square versts (378.08 km2; 145.98 sq mi)|
|2nd||2-й участокъ||18,296||1,122.70 square versts (1,277.70 km2; 493.32 sq mi)|
|3rd||3-й участокъ||28,257||559.82 square versts (637.11 km2; 245.99 sq mi)|
|4th||4-й участокъ||32,465||1,070.30 square versts (1,218.07 km2; 470.30 sq mi)|
The population was engaged primarily in agricultural farming, gardening, sericulture, tobacco growing. At the end of the 19th century, Nukha uezd was making up about 95% of tobacco production of Elizavetpol Governorate.
Russian Empire census (1897)Edit
According to the Russian Empire Census of 1897, the Nukha uezd had a population of 120,555, including 65,244 men and 55,311 women. The majority of the population indicated Tatar (later known as Azerbaijani) to be their mother tongue, with significant Armenian, Kyurin, and Udi speaking minorities.
Caucasian Calendar (1917)Edit
According to the 1917 publication of the Caucasian Calendar, the Nukha uezd had 185,748 residents in 1916, including 102,423 men and 83,325 women, 182,124 of whom were the permanent population, and 3,624 were temporary residents. The statistics indicated the district to be overwhelmingly Sunni Muslim with sizeable Armenian, Asiatic Christian and Shia Muslim minorities:
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 09 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 280. .
- "Большой энциклопедический словарь Брокгауза и Ефрона. Нуха" [Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedia Dictionary. Nukha]. Retrieved 2011-08-09.
- Agaian, Tshatur (1956). Крестьянская реформа в Азербайджане в 1870 году [Peasant reforms in Azerbaijan in 1870]. Baku, Azerbaijan: National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan SSR. p. 61.
- Khalafov, M.S. (1964). История государства и права Азербайджанской ССР [History of State and Law of Azerbaijan SSR]. Vol. 1. Baku, Azerbaijan: National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan SSR. Institute of Philosophy and Law. p. 46.
- Кавказский календарь на 1913 год [Caucasian calendar for 1913] (in Russian) (68th ed.). Tiflis: Tipografiya kantselyarii Ye.I.V. na Kavkaze, kazenny dom. 1913. pp. 152–159. Archived from the original on 19 April 2022.
- Molchanov, Vasily Dmitrievich (1958). Крестьянское хозяйство в Закавказье к концу XIX в [Peasant agriculture in Transcaucasus at the end if 19th century]. Moscow: National Academy of Sciences of USSR. p. 425.
- "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". www.demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
- Кавказский календарь на 1917 год [Caucasian calendar for 1917] (in Russian) (72nd ed.). Tiflis: Tipografiya kantselyarii Ye.I.V. na Kavkaze, kazenny dom. 1917. pp. 190–197. Archived from the original on 4 November 2021.
- Hovannisian 1971, p. 67.
- Bournoutian 2015, p. 35.