Nueva Loja (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈnwe.βa ˈlo.xa]), also known as Lago Agrio, is the capital of the province of Sucumbíos in Ecuador. It was founded in the 1960s as a base camp of Texaco. The official population as of the 2010 census is 57,727.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Founded||May 5, 1971|
|• City||379.80 km2 (146.64 sq mi)|
|Elevation||297 m (974 ft)|
|• Density||150/km2 (390/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||(+593) 06|
|Website||www.lagoagrio.gob.ec (in Spanish)|
Nueva Loja is located in central Sucumbíos, in the Amazonian forest, and is one of the most important cities in northeastern Ecuador. Its importance comes from the oil extraction. It is named after Loja as many of the first colonizers came from the Southern Province of Loja.
The area around the city, the Lago Agrio oil field, has many ecological problems. The rainforest has been all but obliterated in this region and environmental degradation is severe, with catastrophic oil pollution in some areas. On February 14, 2011, a judge in Lago Agrio ruled that Chevron, now owner of Texaco, had to pay $9 billion in environmental damages for polluting the rainforest.
In 2017, the Superior Court of Justice of Brasil rejected enforcement of the 2013 Ecuadorian Supreme Court award, with the Prosecutor concluding that verdict was “issued in an irregular manner, especially under deplorable acts of corruption.”
In 2018 the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague ruled in favor of Chevron and said the 2013 Ecuador Supreme Court case was obtained "through fraud, bribery and corruption."
The city is served by Lago Agrio Airport, with daily flights from/to Quito.
- Nueva Loja, Sucumbios, Ecuador at GEOnet Names Server. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
- "Population data for Nueva Loja". Archived from the original on 5 January 2013. at "World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 4 December 2012.. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
- "Ecuador Judge Orders Chevron to Pay $9 Billion". The New York Times. 14 February 2011.
- Michael I. Krauss (5 April 2019). "The Supreme Court of Canada Dismisses Donziger's Ecuador Petition to Appeal". Forbes. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
- Karan Nagarkatti; Gary McWilliams (7 September 2018). "International tribunal rules in favor of Chevron in Ecuador case". Reuters. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
The tribunal unanimously held that a $9.5 billion pollution judgment by Ecuador’s Supreme Court against Chevron “was procured through fraud, bribery and corruption and was based on claims that had been already settled and released by the Republic of Ecuador years earlier.”
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