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The nuclear receptor coactivator 3 also known as NCOA3 is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the NCOA3 gene.[5][6] NCOA3 is also frequently called 'amplified in breast 1' (AIB1), steroid receptor coactivator-3 (SRC-3), or thyroid hormone receptor activator molecule 1 (TRAM-1).

NCOA3
Protein NCOA3 PDB 1kbh.png
Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
AliasesNCOA3, ACTR, AIB-1, AIB1, CAGH16, CTG26, KAT13B, RAC3, SRC-3, SRC3, TNRC14, TNRC16, TRAM-1, bHLHe42, pCIP, nuclear receptor coactivator 3
External IDsOMIM: 601937 MGI: 1276535 HomoloGene: 4764 GeneCards: NCOA3
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 20 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 20 (human)[1]
Chromosome 20 (human)
Genomic location for NCOA3
Genomic location for NCOA3
Band20q13.12Start47,501,887 bp[1]
End47,656,877 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE NCOA3 209062 x at fs.png

PBB GE NCOA3 207700 s at fs.png

PBB GE NCOA3 209060 x at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_181659
NM_001174087
NM_001174088
NM_006534

NM_008679

RefSeq (protein)

NP_001167558
NP_001167559
NP_006525
NP_858045

n/a

Location (UCSC)Chr 20: 47.5 – 47.66 MbChr 2: 165.99 – 166.07 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
Wikidata
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

FunctionEdit

NCOA3 is a transcriptional coactivator protein that contains several nuclear receptor interacting domains and an intrinsic histone acetyltransferase activity. NCOA3 is recruited to DNA promotion sites by ligand-activated nuclear receptors. NCOA3, in turn, acylates histones, which makes downstream DNA more accessible to transcription. Hence, NCOA3 assists nuclear receptors in the upregulation of gene expression.[7][8]

Clinical significanceEdit

The ratio of PAX2 to AIB-1 protein expression may be predictive of the effectiveness of tamoxifen in breast cancer treatment.[9][10]

InteractionsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000124151 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000027678 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  5. ^ Anzick SL, Kononen J, Walker RL, Azorsa DO, Tanner MM, Guan XY, Sauter G, Kallioniemi OP, Trent JM, Meltzer PS (August 1997). "AIB1, a steroid receptor coactivator amplified in breast and ovarian cancer". Science. 277 (5328): 965–8. doi:10.1126/science.277.5328.965. PMID 9252329.
  6. ^ Takeshita A, Cardona GR, Koibuchi N, Suen CS, Chin WW (October 1997). "TRAM-1, A novel 160-kDa thyroid hormone receptor activator molecule, exhibits distinct properties from steroid receptor coactivator-1". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (44): 27629–34. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.44.27629. PMID 9346901.
  7. ^ Anzick SL, Kononen J, Walker RL, Azorsa DO, Tanner MM, Guan XY, Sauter G, Kallioniemi OP, Trent JM, Meltzer PS (1997). "AIB1, a steroid receptor coactivator amplified in breast and ovarian cancer". Science. 277 (5328): 965–8. doi:10.1126/science.277.5328.965. PMID 9252329.
  8. ^ Takeshita A, Cardona GR, Koibuchi N, Suen CS, Chin WW (1997). "TRAM-1, A novel 160-kDa thyroid hormone receptor activator molecule, exhibits distinct properties from steroid receptor coactivator-1". J Biol Chem. 272 (44): 27629–34. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.44.27629. PMID 9346901.
  9. ^ "Study sheds new light on tamoxifen resistance". Cordis News. Cordis. 2008-11-13. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
  10. ^ Hurtado A, Holmes KA, Geistlinger TR, Hutcheson IR, Nicholson RI, Brown M, Jiang J, Howat WJ, Ali S, Carroll JS (December 2008). "Regulation of ERBB2 by oestrogen receptor-PAX2 determines response to tamoxifen". Nature. 456 (7222): 663–6. doi:10.1038/nature07483. PMC 2920208. PMID 19005469.
  11. ^ Tan JA, Hall SH, Petrusz P, French FS (September 2000). "Thyroid receptor activator molecule, TRAM-1, is an androgen receptor coactivator". Endocrinology. 141 (9): 3440–50. doi:10.1210/endo.141.9.7680. PMID 10965917.
  12. ^ Gnanapragasam VJ, Leung HY, Pulimood AS, Neal DE, Robson CN (December 2001). "Expression of RAC 3, a steroid hormone receptor co-activator in prostate cancer". Br. J. Cancer. 85 (12): 1928–36. doi:10.1054/bjoc.2001.2179. PMC 2364015. PMID 11747336.
  13. ^ Wang Q, Udayakumar TS, Vasaitis TS, Brodie AM, Fondell JD (April 2004). "Mechanistic relationship between androgen receptor polyglutamine tract truncation and androgen-dependent transcriptional hyperactivity in prostate cancer cells". J. Biol. Chem. 279 (17): 17319–28. doi:10.1074/jbc.M400970200. PMID 14966121.
  14. ^ a b c d Wu RC, Qin J, Hashimoto Y, Wong J, Xu J, Tsai SY, Tsai MJ, O'Malley BW (May 2002). "Regulation of SRC-3 (pCIP/ACTR/AIB-1/RAC-3/TRAM-1) Coactivator activity by I kappa B kinase". Mol. Cell. Biol. 22 (10): 3549–61. doi:10.1128/MCB.22.10.3549-3561.2002. PMC 133790. PMID 11971985.
  15. ^ Naltner A, Wert S, Whitsett JA, Yan C (December 2000). "Temporal/spatial expression of nuclear receptor coactivators in the mouse lung". Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol. 279 (6): L1066–74. doi:10.1152/ajplung.2000.279.6.l1066. PMID 11076796.
  16. ^ a b c Watanabe M, Yanagisawa J, Kitagawa H, Takeyama K, Ogawa S, Arao Y, Suzawa M, Kobayashi Y, Yano T, Yoshikawa H, Masuhiro Y, Kato S (March 2001). "A subfamily of RNA-binding DEAD-box proteins acts as an estrogen receptor alpha coactivator through the N-terminal activation domain (AF-1) with an RNA coactivator, SRA". EMBO J. 20 (6): 1341–52. doi:10.1093/emboj/20.6.1341. PMC 145523. PMID 11250900.
  17. ^ a b Wong CW, Komm B, Cheskis BJ (June 2001). "Structure-function evaluation of ER alpha and beta interplay with SRC family coactivators. ER selective ligands". Biochemistry. 40 (23): 6756–65. doi:10.1021/bi010379h. PMID 11389589.
  18. ^ Tikkanen MK, Carter DJ, Harris AM, Le HM, Azorsa DO, Meltzer PS, Murdoch FE (November 2000). "Endogenously expressed estrogen receptor and coactivator AIB1 interact in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97 (23): 12536–40. doi:10.1073/pnas.220427297. PMC 18799. PMID 11050174.
  19. ^ Leo C, Li H, Chen JD (February 2000). "Differential mechanisms of nuclear receptor regulation by receptor-associated coactivator 3". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (8): 5976–82. doi:10.1074/jbc.275.8.5976. PMID 10681591.
  20. ^ Hsiao PW, Fryer CJ, Trotter KW, Wang W, Archer TK (September 2003). "BAF60a mediates critical interactions between nuclear receptors and the BRG1 chromatin-remodeling complex for transactivation". Mol. Cell. Biol. 23 (17): 6210–20. doi:10.1128/MCB.23.17.6210-6220.2003. PMC 180928. PMID 12917342.
  21. ^ Zilliacus J, Holter E, Wakui H, Tazawa H, Treuter E, Gustafsson JA (April 2001). "Regulation of glucocorticoid receptor activity by 14--3-3-dependent intracellular relocalization of the corepressor RIP140". Mol. Endocrinol. 15 (4): 501–11. doi:10.1210/mend.15.4.0624. PMID 11266503.
  22. ^ Kodera Y, Takeyama K, Murayama A, Suzawa M, Masuhiro Y, Kato S (October 2000). "Ligand type-specific interactions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma with transcriptional coactivators". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (43): 33201–4. doi:10.1074/jbc.C000517200. PMC 3798517. PMID 10944516.
  23. ^ Chen H, Lin RJ, Schiltz RL, Chakravarti D, Nash A, Nagy L, Privalsky ML, Nakatani Y, Evans RM (August 1997). "Nuclear receptor coactivator ACTR is a novel histone acetyltransferase and forms a multimeric activation complex with P/CAF and CBP/p300". Cell. 90 (3): 569–80. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)80516-4. PMID 9267036.
  24. ^ Lee WY, Noy N (February 2002). "Interactions of RXR with coactivators are differentially mediated by helix 11 of the receptor's ligand binding domain". Biochemistry. 41 (8): 2500–8. doi:10.1021/bi011764. PMID 11851396.

External linksEdit

Further readingEdit