Nothoscordum bivalve

Nothoscordum bivalve is a species of flowering plant in the Amaryllidaceae known by the common names crowpoison and false garlic. It is native to the eastern United States from Texas to Florida up to Nebraska and Ohio, as well as Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, northeastern Argentina and central Chile.[2][3]

Nothoscordum bivalve
Nothoscordum bivalve 2.jpg

Apparently Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Nothoscordum
N. bivalve
Binomial name
Nothoscordum bivalve
Species synonymy
  • Allium bivalve (L.) Kuntze
  • Allium bivalve var. bangii Kuntze
  • Allium bivalve var. flavescens (Kunth) Kuntze
  • Allium bivalve var. sellowianum (Kunth) Kuntze
  • Allium bivalve var. striatum (Jacq.) Kuntze
  • Allium canadense Michx.
  • Allium flavescens Poepp. ex Kunth 1843, illegitimate homonym not Besser 1821
  • Allium geminatum Raf.
  • Allium ornithogaloides Walter
  • Allium sellowianum (Kunth) Regel
  • Allium striatellum Lindl.
  • Allium striatum Jacq.
  • Allium subbiflorum Colla
  • Brodiaea aurea Benth. & Hook. f.
  • Brodiaea berteroi (Kunth) Fuentes
  • Brodiaea subbiflora (Colla) Baker
  • Geboscon bivalve (L.) House
  • Geboscon geminatum (Raf.) Raf.
  • Geboscon striatum (Jacq.) Raf.
  • Hookera subbiflora Kuntze
  • Milla subbiflora (Colla) Baker
  • Nothoscordum flavescens Kunth
  • Nothoscordum gramineum Beauverd
  • Nothoscordum gramineum (Sims) P. Beauv.
  • Nothoscordum gramineum var. flavescens Fuentes
  • Nothoscordum gramineum var. philippianum Beauverd
  • Nothoscordum gramineum var. vernum Fuentes
  • Nothoscordum ornithogaloides (Walter) Kunth
  • Nothoscordum philippianum Kunth & C.D.Bouché
  • Nothoscordum sellowianum Kunth
  • Nothoscordum striatellum (Lindl.) Kunth
  • Nothoscordum striatum (Jacq.) Kunth
  • Nothoscordum subbiflorum (Colla) Walp.
  • Nothoscordum texanum M.E.Jones
  • Oligosma bivalve (L.) Salisb.
  • Ornithogalum bivalve L.
  • Ornithogalum carolinianum Schult. & Schult.f.
  • Ornithogalum gramineum Sims
  • Ornithogalum pulchellum Salisb.
  • Tristagma subbiflorum (Colla) Ravenna
  • Triteleia berteroi Kunth

Nothoscordum bivalve is a perennial herb growing from a bulb about a centimeter wide. It produces one erect stem, or occasionally two. They grow up to 40 centimetres (16 in) tall. There are one to four narrow leaves up to 30 centimetres (12 in) long. The inflorescence is an umbel of 3 to 6 flowers, or sometimes up to 10. There are two bracts at the base of the umbel. The flower has six whitish tepals, each of which usually has a dark reddish midvein.[2] The flower has no scent.[4] The fruit is a capsule.[2]

This is a common plant which grows in parks and on roadsides, and soils which are not too dry or too wet;[4] it grows well in lawns. It is a favorite nectar source for small butterflies such as the falcate orangetip.


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