Open main menu

The Northern Region is one of the sixteen regions of Ghana. It is located in the north of the country and was the largest of the sixteen regions, covering an area of 70,384 square kilometres or 31 percent of Ghana's area until December 2018 when the Savannah Region and North East Regions were created from it. The Northern Region is divided into 14 districts. The region's capital is Tamale.[2]

Northern Region
Location of Northern Region in Ghana
Location of Northern Region in Ghana
 • Regional MinisterSalifu Saeed[1]
 • Total70,384 km2 (27,175 sq mi)
 (2010 Census)[3]
 • Total2,479,461
 • Density35/km2 (91/sq mi)
 • Year2013
 • Per capita$5,150
GDP (Nominal)
 • Year2018
 • Per capita$2,500
Time zoneGMT
Area code(s)037
ISO 3166 codeGH-NP
HDI (2017)0.494[4]
low · 10th

Geography and climateEdit

Location and sizeEdit

The Northern Region is bordered on the north by the North East region, on the east by the eastern Ghana-Togo international border, on the south by the Oti region, and on the west by the Savannah Region. Northern region is made up of 14 districts.

Climate and vegetationEdit

The Northern Region is much drier than southern areas of Ghana, due to its proximity to the Sahel, and the Sahara. The vegetation consists predominantly of grassland, especially savanna with clusters of drought-resistant trees such as baobabs or acacias. Between January and March is the dry season. The wet season is between about July and December with an average annual rainfall of 750 to 1050 mm (30 to 40 inches). The highest temperatures are reached at the end of the dry season, the lowest in December and January. However, the hot Harmattan wind from the Sahara blows frequently between December and the beginning of February. The temperatures can vary between 14 °C (59 °F) at night and 40 °C (104 °F) during the day.


Agribusiness Factory in Tamale, Northern region. Agriculturist workers at Agriculture Factory in Tamale, Northern region.

More than 75% of the economically active population are agricultural. The low population density is partly caused by emigration, in addition to geography and climate.


The Northern Region has a low population density, and, along with the official language of English, most inhabitants (52%) speak a language of the Oti–Volta subfamily in the Niger–Congo language family, such as Dagbani, Mamprusi or Konkomba. The Dagbon Kingdom, of the Dagomba people, is located in the region.


Around three out of five residents in the Northern region were affiliated to Islam (60.0%).[5]


Districts of the Northern Region

The Northern Region of Ghana contains 16 districts. 11 are ordinary districts in addition to 1 metropolitan and 4 municipal districts.:[6]

Districts in Northern region
# District Capital Population
1 Gushegu Gushegu
2 Karaga Karaga
3 Kpandai Kpandai 108,816
4 Kumbumgu Kumbumgu
5 Mion Sang
6 Nanton Nanton
7 Nanumba North Bimbilla
8 Nanumba South Wulensi
9 Saboba Saboba
10 Sagnarigu Sagnarigu
11 Savelugu Savelugu
12 Tamale Metropolitan Tamale
13 Tatale Sangule Tatale
14 Tolon Tolon
15 Yendi Municipal Yendi
16 Zabzugu Zabzugu

Famous citizensEdit

Famous native citizens of Northern region, Dagbon
# Citizen Settlement
1 Aliu Mahama Yendi
2 Wakaso Tamale
3 Majeed Waris Tamale
4 Haruna Iddrisu Tamale


  1. ^ "Regional Ministers - Government of Ghana". Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Northern Region". Retrieved 2009-11-20.
  3. ^ "Northern Region – Population" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-01-20.
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  5. ^ Table 4.17: Population by religious affiliation and region, 2010
  6. ^ "Northern". Archived from the original on 18 January 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External linksEdit