North Tyrol, or North Tirol (German: Nordtirol) is the main part of the Austrian state of Tyrol, located in the western part of the country. The other part of the state is East Tyrol, which also belongs to Austria, but does not share a border with North Tyrol.
Besides those two regions, the historical region of Tyrol for many centuries also included the South Tyrol and the historical region of Welschtirol, which were annexed by Italy after World War I. With that, North Tyrol and East Tyrol were effectively cut off from each other. In the aftermath of World War I, there was a serious movement to unify North Tyrol with Bavaria.
North Tyrol borders Salzburg in the east, the German federal state of Bavaria in the north, Vorarlberg to the west, the Swiss canton of Graubünden (Grison) to the southwest, and South Tyrol in Italy to the south. The provincial capital is Innsbruck.
- Carsten, Francis Ludwig. The First Austrian Republic: 1918-1938. Gower, 1986. P. 3.