North Station is a major transportation hub located at Causeway and Nashua Streets in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. It is one of the city's two inbound terminals for Amtrak and MBTA Commuter Rail trains, the other being South Station. The main concourse of North Station is located at the street level immediately below TD Garden, a major sports arena. The arena is also used for concerts and other events, taking advantage of the extensive transportation connections at the site.
|Location||126 Causeway Street|
|Owned by||Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority|
|Platforms||6 island platforms (Commuter Rail and Amtrak; only 5 active) |
2 side platforms and 1 island platform (Orange Line and Green Line)
|Tracks||12 (Commuter Rail and Amtrak; only 10 active) |
2 (Orange Line)
2 (Green Line)
|Connections|| MBTA Bus: 4|
|Parking||1275 spaces (privately owned garage)|
38 accessible spaces
|Bicycle facilities||20 spaces|
|Station code||BON (Amtrak)|
|Fare zone||1A (MBTA Commuter Rail)|
|Opened||September 3, 1898 (Green Line surface)|
June 19, 1901 (Orange Line elevated)
June 1, 1912 (Green Line elevated)
1928 (commuter and intercity rail)
April 7, 1975 (Orange Line subway)
June 28, 2004 (Green Line subway)
|Closed||April 4, 1975 (Orange Line elevated)|
March 28, 1997 (Green Line surface)
June 25, 2004 (Green Line elevated)
|Rebuilt||1995, January 2007 (commuter rail)|
|Passengers (2013)||17,079 daily boardings (MBTA subway)|
|Passengers (2012)||16,436 daily boardings (MBTA Commuter Rail)|
|Passengers (2017)||448,483 annual boardings and alightings 5.62% (Amtrak)|
North Station facilities include:
- Terminus for MBTA Commuter Rail northern routes and Amtrak's Downeaster service
- Staffed ticket windows
- Small food court and waiting area
- Direct access to adjacent TD Garden for sporting and other events
- Parking garage (privately operated)
Several MBTA commuter rail lines, plus Amtrak's Northeast Corridor service to New York City, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C. and beyond, originate from South Station, about 1-1/4 miles around the Boston peninsula from North Station. No direct link exists between the two stations, although MBTA subway connections are available. Transfers to Amtrak and the MBTA Commuter Rail's Providence/Stoughton, Needham, Franklin, and Framingham/Worcester Lines may also be made at Back Bay, a one-seat ride on the Orange Line from North Station. Additionally, transfers from the Fitchburg Line to the South Station lines can be made at Porter, a one-seat ride on the Red Line. A North–South Rail Link is proposed to link North and South Stations, but as of May 2006 the Commonwealth of Massachusetts has withdrawn its sponsorship of the proposal due to its high cost.
|B1||Outbound||Green Line toward Lechmere (Science Park) → |
Green Line short turn →
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
|Mezzanine||One-way faregates, ticket machines, station agent |
Connection to MBTA Commuter Rail/Amtrak platforms
|B2||Inbound||← Green Line toward Cleveland Circle or Heath Street (Haymarket)|
|Island platform, doors will open on the left for Green Line trains and right for Orange Line trains|
|Inbound||← Orange Line toward Forest Hills (Haymarket)|
|Outbound||Orange Line toward Oak Grove (Community College) →|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
North Station is wheelchair accessible on all modes. There is a cross-platform connection between the inbound Orange Line and the inbound Green Line; transferring in other directions is accessible but requires the use of elevators. All other Orange Line stations are accessible as well, but not all Green Line stations are wheelchair accessible.
Most major stations on the MBTA Commuter Rail routes are accessible with full-length high or mini-high platforms, but some stations are not accessible. All Downeaster stations are accessible with high platforms or low platforms with wheelchair lifts.
One MBTA Bus route and one privately run (but open to the public) route serve North Station:
The 4 runs on Causeway Street, with stops near Canal Street. The EZRide Shuttle loops on Red Auerbach Way with a stop near the secondary entrance to North Station.
Lovejoy Wharf, located off Beverly Street northeast of North Station, is the head of navigation of the Charles River due to the adjacent Charles River Dam. It is served by water taxi services to Logan Airport and the Boston waterfront by two private companies.
Scheduled ferry service was formerly operated to Lovejoy Wharf as well. Two MBTA Boat routes - the F3 Lovejoy Wharf - Boston Navy Yard and F5 Lovejoy Wharf - World Trade Center via Moakley Courthouse - began operation in 1997 during Big Dig construction. They were discontinued on January 21, 2005 due to low ridership. The F5X Lovejoy Wharf - World Trade Center Express route, which did not rely on MBTA funding, was run until February 24, 2006.
North Union StationEdit
- The Boston and Maine Railroad terminal was just north of Haymarket Square, between Canal Street and Haverhill Street, stretching most of the way to Traverse Street. This approach was later used by the Green Line and Orange Line and precessors. The other three were all on the north side of Causeway Street, with the first two in the area where North Station is now.
- The Boston and Lowell Railroad terminal was on the east side of Nashua Street, stretching east for about a block.
- Next was the Eastern Railroad terminal, across Causeway Street from Friend Street.
- The Fitchburg Railroad station was on the other side of the Boston and Maine Railroad approach, right next to Beverly Street, the approach to the Warren Bridge.
Just south of North Station was the Canal Street Incline through which the Tremont Street Subway (now part of the Green Line) went from surface to subway, and later the Washington Street Tunnel connected to the Charlestown Elevated (both later part of the Orange Line).
Construction of the subwaysEdit
The Tremont Street Subway was extended north from Park Street in 1898. It rose to the surface at the Canal Street Incline, with a surface terminal at Causeway Street. The Main Line Elevated opened in 1901 with an elevated station at North Union Station. Elevated trains ran south through the Tremont Street Subway, north on the Charlestown Elevated, and east along the waterfront on the Atlantic Avenue Elevated. The elevated moved into its own tunnel in 1908.
The Atlantic Avenue elevated was reduced to a North Station-South Station shuttle by 1928 after an accident at Beach Street, and closed entirely in 1938. It was demolished in 1942, but the shuttle platform remained intact.
In 1959, a bomb exploded in a locker in the Main Line Elevated station, killing one M.T.A. worker. Operations were suspended the rest of the day, and the track was up and running the next day, contrary to public expectations. Further bomb threats were phoned in, but no other bombs were found.
End of interstate serviceEdit
Until the 1960s, the station was the hub for long-distance B&M service to multiple locales north and west of Boston, usually in conjunction with other railroads. Service cutbacks began in the 1950s, and service soon dwindled down to commuter rail operations. The sole interstate routes remaining after 1965 were single daily round trips to Concord and Dover in New Hampshire, which lasted until June 30, 1967. By this point, the interstate train itineraries consisted of self-propelled Budd Rail Diesel Cars, often just one or two cars for the trip.
The FleetCenter (now the TD Garden) replaced Boston Garden in 1995, including a redesigned North Station.
In 2001, intercity service returned to North Station with Amtrak's Downeaster to Portland, Maine (later extended to Brunswick), using the Lowell and Haverhill lines to the New Hampshire border. It has become one of the more popular routes in New England. Due in part to this, North Station was the 23rd busiest Amtrak station in the country in fiscal 2018, and the fifth busiest in New England (behind South Station, Providence, New Haven Union and Back Bay).
In November 2005, the MBTA completed construction of its "North Station Superstation" project, which placed the Green Line underground, offering inbound cross-platform transfers between the Green and Orange Lines. Outbound Green Line trains arrive on the mezzanine level, still within fare control. The project was done primarily to improve transfer between the two lines but also to tear down the old elevated North Station Green Line stop and the old Causeway Street Elevated structure.
In April 2006, the MBTA announced plans to enlarge the cramped waiting area in the aboveground portion of the station, by building over the south end of the tracks and platforms. The expansion was substantially completed by the end of January 2007 and was paid for by Delaware North Companies, owners of the TD Garden, who signed a deal for sharing revenue from concessions and advertising with the MBTA. The redesigned station was built for 12 tracks, but only 10 were placed in service.
Boston Garden Towers changesEdit
Beginning in early 2016, Boston Properties is building 'The Hub On Causeway', a mixed-use development including two towers, on the former Boston Garden site. The development will include a new entrance to the rail station from Causeway Street opposite Canal Street, plus an underground passageway from the rail station to the subway station. The MBTA subway headhouse on the north side of Causeway Street was permanently closed on January 2, 2016; the underground connection which replaced it opened on January 6, 2019.
New elevators are also planned to be added to the Valenti Way headhouse to improve accessibility.
The two aging two-track drawbridges at North Station are planned to be replaced by two new three-track spans, which will be more reliable and have higher capacity. A sixth platform will be added to serve new tracks 11 and 12, the Fitchburg mainline will be slightly relocated to provide more layover space near the maintenance facility, and FX interlocking will be reconfigured. As of October 2016[update], bidding for a $75 million contract on the drawbridge work is expected to begin in December 2016.
- Belcher, Jonathan (November 12, 2012). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
- Humphrey, Thomas J. (December 21, 2012). "MBTA Commuter Rail Passenger Count Results" (PDF). Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
- "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2017, State of Massachusetts" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
- "North Station Neighborhood Map" (PDF). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. April 2012. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
- "Water Transport: Water Shuttles and Water Taxis". Massachusetts Port Authority. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
- "Lovejoy Ferry Service Ends" (PDF). TRANSreport. Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization: 3. January 2005. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
- "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2010. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
- See map: History of the West End - Key Locations
- "North Station Explosion, 1959". Celebrate Boston. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
- "White River Junction, Vt. and Area, 1964-65 and 2000". Trainweb.org. September 2002.
- VanBokkelen, James. "Run-Through Passenger Trains in New England". Far Acres Farm. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
- "Amtrak National Facts" (PDF). Amtrak. 2019. Retrieved 2019-04-08.
- Carlock, Caroline (November 5, 2015). "Boston Properties clears major hurdle for ambitious Boston Garden project". Boston Business Journal. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
- Epsilon Associates, Inc. (September 6, 2013). "Expanded Project Notification Form: The Boston Garden". Boston Redevelopment Authority. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
- "Subway Service Alerts: Green Line". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. November 25, 2015. Archived from the original on November 26, 2015.
- Smyth, Sean (January 6, 2019). "Underground tunnel connecting North Station commuter rail, T stations is now open". Boston Globe.
- Brelsford, Laura (December 5, 2016). "MBTA System-Wide Accessibility Initiatives: December 2016 Update" (PDF). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Department of System-Wide Accessibility. p. 10.
- "Commuter Rail Schedules Initiative: North Side" (PDF). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. October 6, 2015. p. 13.
- "Future Construction Contract Bid Solicitations". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. October 2016. Archived from the original on October 14, 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to |
- Boston North Station – Amtrak
- MBTA: Boston North Station
- Boston North Amtrak Station (USA RailGuide -- TrainWeb)
- Causeway Street and Accolyn Way entrance from Google Maps Street View
- Commuter Rail and Amtrak platforms from Google Maps Street View
- Boston-North Station, MA (BON) (Amtrak's Great American Stations)
- Boston Redevelopment Authority - The Boston Garden