Shire of Noosa

(Redirected from Noosa, Queensland)

The Shire of Noosa (/ˈnsə/) is a local government area about 130 kilometres (81 mi) north of Brisbane in the Sunshine Coast district of South East Queensland, Australia. The shire covers an area of 870 square kilometres (335.9 sq mi). It existed as a local government entity from 1910 until 2008, when it was amalgamated with the Shire of Maroochy and City of Caloundra to form the Sunshine Coast Region. The shire was re-established on 1 January 2014. In the 2021 census, the shire had a population of 56,298 people.[1]

Shire of Noosa
Location within South East Queensland
Sunrise in Noosa
Population56,298 (2021 census)[1]
 • Density64.7/km2 (167.6/sq mi)
Established11 May 1910 – 15 March 2008
1 January 2014
Area870 km2 (335.9 sq mi)[2]
MayorFrank Wilkie
Council seatTewantin
RegionSouth East Queensland
State electorate(s)Noosa
Federal division(s)Wide Bay
WebsiteShire of Noosa
LGAs around Shire of Noosa:
Gympie Gympie Pacific Ocean
Gympie Shire of Noosa Pacific Ocean
Sunshine Coast Sunshine Coast Pacific Ocean

History edit

Geological history edit

Mount Cooroora from Hill Street in July 2023.

The Noosa Hinterland was formed during the Oligocene era around 25-30 million years ago when volcanic activity created the ranges. By the beginning of the Neolithic era, Noosa's coast experienced a change in sea level rises when its beaches and waterways began to take shape.

Ancient history edit

The Noosa area was originally home to several Aboriginal groups. They primarily include the Undumbi tribe to the south, the Dulingbara to the north, and the Kabi Kabi (or Gabbi Gabbi) to the west.

Gubbi Gubbi (Kabi Kabi, Cabbee, Carbi, Gabi Gabi) is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken on Gubbi Gubbi country. The Gubbi Gubbi language region includes the landscape within the local government boundaries of the Sunshine Coast Region and Gympie Region, particularly the towns of Caloundra, Noosa Heads, Gympie and extending north towards Maryborough and south to Caboolture.[3]

In 2003, the Federal Court of Australia determined (title claim QC2013/003) that the native title holders for the Noosa area are the Kabi Kabi First Nation.[4]

Although much of the culture and presence of the traditional owners of the Noosa district has been lost during the short period of white settlement, there still exist many subtle reminders. They include:

  • bora rings, used during rituals.
  • canoe trees, marks on trees where bark was removed for canoes.
  • border/navigation trees, marks on trees used to mark paths and/or tribal borders.
  • stone carvings
  • burial trees
  • middens, shell mound created by thousands of years of discarded shells.
  • stone axes
  • spoken legends, many local legends which were traditionally passed through the generations survive today.
  • place names, many local names are versions of the original Aboriginal names.

It is widely accepted that the name Noosa comes from the local Aboriginal word "Noothera" or "Gnuthuru", in the Kabi Kabi language, for shadow or shady place.[5] However this is unlikely as a 1870 map of Noosa shows the Noosa River written as Nusa River [6] and a notice to mariners published 1873 refers to Nusa Head and the Nusa River in Laguna Bay. [7] Nusa is the Indonesian word for island. The Noosa River contains Makepeace Island, Sheep Island and Goat Island. Laguna Bay was previously known as Nusa Bay and Lagoona Bay.[8]

A Keeping Place of indigenous cultural and sacred objects is maintained at the Noosa Shire Museum, Pomona.

Early European settlement edit

Although reports of the area can be traced back to Captain Cook's voyages in May 1770, European settlement in the region did not proceed until almost a century later. The difficulty of transport in the region, which persisted to the 1920s and beyond, was one major reason for that. European settlement was initially driven by timber logging, and then by a gold rush in the Gympie area, north of Noosa.

In 1871, the Government laid out a port at Tewantin. The surrounding land was duly surveyed and, by 1877, contained two hotels, a boarding house, school, police station and telegraph office. In 1872, the Noosa Heads and coastal region south to Peregian Beach was set aside as an Aboriginal Mission, but that was cancelled in 1878, and land was opened for selection on 15 January 1879. With the construction of the North Coast Railway inland from Tewantin, the port declined in importance after 1890.[9]

Noosa is a region, not a town. It contains beaches and a beach national park, the cleanest river in South-East Queensland and an extensive trail network inland, linking a number of lifestyle villages, including Cooroy and Pomona. In the last 50 years, Noosa has been transformed from an isolated fishing village to a tourist destination. Although that has had its costs, the shire is known for its generally greener approach to development. Most development in Noosa has been restrained. There are no high-rise buildings, due both to local community pressure and to council planning action, and much remaining native forest. 34.8% of the Noosa district consists of National Parks, Conservation Parks, State Forests, and other generally protected land, including parts of the biosphere reserve.

One of the reasons for the popularity of Noosa Heads is that it is one of the few north-facing beaches on Australia's east coast, hence Noosa Beach is relatively protected from the prevailing on-shore wind and from storms.

Council history edit

The Former Noosa Council Chambers used from 1911-1980.

The area was originally incorporated on 11 November 1879, under the Divisional Boards Act 1879, as part of the Widgee Divisional Board. Noosa was created as a separate shire in 1910, under the Local Authorities Act 1902, with an initial population of 2,000. The first elections were held on 22 April 1910 and resulted in James Duke becoming the first shire chairman. The Noosa Shire Hall was constructed in Pomona in 1911.[9]

On 8 September 1917, an Honour Roll was unveiled at the Noosa Shire Hall in Pomona, to commemorate those from the district who had left Australia to serve in the armed forces during World War I.[10]

In the early 1970s, with Queensland Government backing, development commenced in the area around Noosa Sound. In December 1980, the shire headquarters moved to Pelican Street, Tewantin. The former shire hall in Pomona became the Noosa Museum, operated by the Cooroora Historical Society.[11][12]

In 1982, the Noosa community elected a pro-environment and pro-planning council. The Councillors who were most influential in that change were elected in a group called The Resident's Team.[13] They laid the foundation for many of the planning and environmental-protection concepts for which Noosa is now well known.[14] The 1982-1985 Noosa Council was the first to introduce the idea of a development/population cap. This idea was initially proposed by the Council’s first full time resident Town Planner, Alan Simes in September 1984.[15] The 1982-1985 Noosa Council created draft development control plans for Hastings Street, Noosa Junction and Tewantin. These draft development control plans had a major focus on development in Noosa maintaining and enhancing the character of Noosa.[16] The 1982-1985 Council also introduced a focus on community arts,[17] and the use of design and landscape controls in development applications.[18] The business lobby, supported by several local media personalities, were successful in replacing that council with a pro-development one in the 1985 election[19] but the pro-development council was, in turn, largely removed by the Noosa community in 1988, at the next election.[citation needed]

In 1995, mayor Noel Playford announced a "population cap" of 56,500 people for Noosa Shire, based on the initial concepts proposed during the 1982-1985 Council term by resident Town Planner Alan Simes .[20] The population cap was the expected population under the planning scheme if all available land was developed in accordance with it. Noosa council had performed the calculation for all land in the shire and provided the results in strategic planning documents. Noosa was the first council in Australia to do so.[21]

On 15 March 2008, under the Local Government (Reform Implementation) Act 2007, passed by the Parliament of Queensland in August 2007, the Shire of Noosa was merged with the Shire of Maroochy and the City of Caloundra to form the Sunshine Coast Region. Noosa's mayor, Bob Abbot, won the mayoralty of the new council over Maroochy's Joe Natoli, with 70% of the combined vote.[22] The amalgamation occurred despite the 2007 Queensland local government area amalgamation plebiscite in Noosa Shire, conducted by the Australian Electoral Commission, in which 95% of voters rejected amalgamation.[23]

In 2012, following a change of state government, a proposal was made to de-amalgamate the Shire of Noosa from the Sunshine Coast Region.[24] On 9 March 2013, 81% of Noosa residents voted to de-amalgamate Noosa from the Sunshine Coast Region.[25] On 18 March 2013, the Sunshine Coast Regional Council decided its new planning scheme should not apply to those areas that were part of the former Noosa Shire (different attitudes to planning and developments having been a major objection by residents of Noosa Shire to the amalgamation).[26]

The Shire of Noosa was re-established on 1 January 2014,[27][28] and the new councillors and mayor were sworn in the next day. In attendance were Warren Truss, Deputy Prime Minister of Australia and member for Wide Bay, as well as David Gibson, Member for Gympie. The ceremony was followed by the first meeting of the council, held at the Cooroy Memorial Hall, Cooroy.[29]

Towns and localities edit

The Shire of Noosa includes the following settlements:

1 - includes part of Great Sandy National Park
2 - shared with Sunshine Coast Region

Demographics edit

Year Population Notes
1933 7,291
1947 5,000
1954 6,296
1961 6,117
1966 6,673
1971 7,746
1976 10,825
1981 17,071
1986 20,328
1991 29,378
1996 41,171
2001 47,321
2006 51,962
2011 56,151
2016 52,149
2021 56,298 [1]

As of 2021, Noosa has a relatively older population, with a median age of 52, considerably higher than the national median of 38.5.[30] The majority of residents, 71.7%, are Australian-born, while 14.2% were born in the United Kingdom. Noosa's residents are primarily English-speaking, with 90.9% speaking only English at home.[31] With regard to education, 22.3% of the population hold a bachelor's degree or higher, and 26.2% of the community volunteer for a group or organisation, suggesting a high level of community engagement. The residents of Noosa enjoy a comfortable lifestyle, with a median weekly household income of $1,256, higher than the national median.[32]

Council edit

Noosa Shire Council
Frank Wilkie
Deputy Mayor
Brian Stockwell
Political groups
  Independent (5)
  Independent Labor (2)
Last election
28 March 2024

Noosa Shire Council consists of directly-elected mayor and six councillors. The council is unsubdivided.[33][34]

As of the 2024 election election, there are 44,127 enrolled voters in Noosa Shire.[35]

Current composition edit

The current council, elected in 2024, is:

Role Councillor Party Term
Mayor   Frank Wilkie Independent 2024-Present (Mayor)
2016-2024 (Deputy Mayor)
2014-2024 (Councillor)
Deputy Mayor   Brian Stockwell Independent ALP 2024-Present (Deputy Mayor)
2016-Present (Councillor)
Councillor   Amelia Lorenston Independent 2020-Present
Councillor   Tom Wegener Independent 2020-Present
Councillor   Karen Finzel Independent 2020-Present
Councillor   Nicola Wilson Independent ALP 2024-Present
Councillor   Jess Phillips Independent 2024-Present

Chairmen and mayors edit

Elected by fellow councillors edit

  • James Duke (1910–1911)
  • Frank Conroy (1911–1914)
  • Eugene von Blankensee (1914–1915)
  • Alexander Chapman (1915–1916)
  • Charles Livingstone (1916–1917)
  • Alexander Parker (1917–1918)
  • Alexander Chapman (1918–1919)
  • Charles Crank (1919–1920)
  • Alexander Parker (1920–1921)

Directly elected edit

  • William Ferguson (1921–1927)[36]
  • Frederick Bryan (1927–1930)
  • Charles Crank (1930–1939)
  • William Ferguson (1939–1946)
  • Robert McAnally (1946–1955)
  • Victor Gee (1955–1958)
  • S.T. (Stanley) Adams (1958–1964)
  • Ian MacDonald (1964–1980)
  • Bert Wansley AM (1980–1988)
  • Noel Playford OAM (1988–1997)
  • Bob Abbot (1997–2008)
  • For mayor during amalgamation (2008–2013) see: Sunshine Coast Region
  • Noel Playford OAM (2014–2016)
  • Tony Wellington (2016–2020)[37]
  • Clare Stewart (2020–2024)
  • Frank Wilkie (2024–present)

Election results edit

2024 edit

2024 Queensland local elections: Noosa[38][39][40][41]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Amelia Lorenston (elected) 17,494 9.11
Independent Jess Phillips (elected) 17,416 9.07
Independent Labor Nicola Wilson (elected) 17,159 8.94
Independent Labor Brian Stockwell (elected) 15,685 8.17
Independent Tom Wegener (elected) 15,584 8.12
Independent Karen Finzel (elected) 15,248 7.94
Independent LNP Alecia Staines 15,120 7.88
Independent LNP Leigh McCready 15,096 7.86
Independent Finoa Jacobs 14,353 7.48
Independent Joe Jurisevic 14,275 7.43
Independent Chris Darwen 11,420 5.95
Independent Mat Bankes 8,467 4.41
Independent Andrea Newland 8,289 4.32
Independent Michelle Ngatai-Stokes 6,394 3.33
Turnout 35,633

Culture edit

The Noosa Film Festival was held in Noosa between 2 and 8 September in 1999.[42] A number of other festivals are also held in Noosa, including the Noosa Festival of Surfing.[43]

Noosa Arts Theatre is a flourishing and widely reputed centre for performing arts in the area. As well as various other food and cultural festivals, each year Noosa boasts the Noosa Long Weekend Festival, a 10-day (and night) multi-arts genre cultural festival. Theatre, dance, music, food, film, supper clubs, workshops and more are featured as part of the program of free and ticketed events. The festival attracts over 10,000 people each year.

The recently developed J Centre in Noosa Heads has become another venue for live theatre and musical performances, as well as a secondary campus for the University of the Sunshine Coast.

The Noosa Country Show, established 1909, is a yearly event to showcase the shire's best cattle, horsemen etc. The show is held at the Pomona Showgrounds on the second weekend of every September.

The King of the Mountain is an annual festival and mountain challenge held in Pomona in the third week of July.

Pomona is also home to the Noosa Shire Museum, where European and indigenous history is displayed side by side, and The Majestic Theatre, a performing arts centre for the Noosa Northern Hinterland. An art gallery has been established in the old Pomona Railway Station.

Services edit

The Shire of Noosa operates libraries in Noosaville and Cooroy.[44] A mobile library service visits the following districts on a weekly schedule: Noosa Heads, Sunrise Beach, Cooran, Federal, Kin Kin, Boreen Point, Peregian Beach and Pomona.[45]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Noosa". 2021 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 November 2022.  
  2. ^ "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18: Population Estimates by Local Government Area (ASGS 2018), 2017 to 2018". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Archived from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2018.
  3. ^   This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Gubbi Gubbi". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Native Title Applications and Determination Areas" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  5. ^ Potter, Ron. "Place Names of South-East Queensland". Archived from the original on 16 August 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  6. ^ Fesl, Eve. "Place Names of South-East Queensland ( archived page)". Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 21 January 2023.
  7. ^ "Rockhampton Bulletin 9th September 1873". Archived from the original on 21 January 2023. Retrieved 21 January 2023.
  8. ^ "The Brisbane Courier 20 Jul February 1866". Archived from the original on 21 January 2023. Retrieved 21 January 2023.
  9. ^ a b Noosa Council (2005). "Noosa Community Guide - 2005 and Beyond (5th ed.)" (PDF). pp. 44–57. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 July 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  10. ^ "The Chronicle. Nullius addictus jurare in verba magistri. Nambour, Friday, Sept. 11, 1917". Chronicle And North Coast Advertiser. Vol. XIV, no. 724. Queensland, Australia. 14 September 1917. p. 2. Archived from the original on 4 March 2023. Retrieved 28 December 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  11. ^ "Pomona". Noosa Museum. Cooroora Historical Society. Archived from the original on 29 December 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  12. ^ "Timeline of Noosa: 1950 - 1999". Noosa Library Service. Archived from the original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  13. ^ <Sunshine Coast Daily, (1982), Residents Triumph, March 29, p. 2; Gympie Times, (1982), New faces for Noosa, March 30, p. 2.
  14. ^ Shaw, D., (1982), Council takes new directions, Noosa Citizen, 28 April 2082, p.1
  15. ^ Noosa Shire Council; (1984) Draft Strategic Plan: for public comment; Part A: Statement of Objectives and Implementation Criteria; and Part B: Supporting Information; September, p. 6.
  16. ^ See for instance, Jackson, Teece, Chesterman Willis and Partners, (1984), Hastings Street Development Control Plan Report, for Noosa Shire Council, p. 140; Gloster, M. (1997), The Shaping of Noosa, Noosa Blue Publishing Group, p43.
  17. ^ Noosa News, (1982), Council approves arts appointment, 17 December, p.3.
  18. ^ Noosa Shire Council, (1986) Design Manual, February; Levey, E., (1986), Design manual adopted, Noosa News, p. 1.
  19. ^ Gloster, M. (1997), The Shaping of Noosa, Noosa Blue Publishing Group, p44 and pp.46-47.
  20. ^ Winsbury, John. "If the cap fits - can we wear it?". Archived from the original on 15 April 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  21. ^ Summers, Paul. "Population Cap or Not?" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 March 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  22. ^ "Abbot claims Sunshine Coast mayor crown". ABC Online. 15 March 2008. Archived from the original on 18 April 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  23. ^ ""Australian Electoral Commission 2007 Results of plebiscites on council amalgamations"". Archived from the original on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  24. ^ "Proposal regarding the de-amalgamation of Noosa" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  25. ^ "Noosa Area De-amalgamation Poll - Noosa - Poll Area Summary". Electoral Commission Queensland. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  26. ^ "Council votes to separate Noosa and Sunshine Coast planning". Sunshine Coast Daily. 19 March 2013. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  27. ^ "De-amalgamation". Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 26 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  28. ^ "Local Government (De-amalgamation Implementation) Regulation 2013" (PDF). Local Government Act 2009. Queensland Government. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 May 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  29. ^ "Crowd watches Noosa Shire Council sworn in". Sunshine Coast Daily. 3 January 2014. Archived from the original on 17 December 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  30. ^ "Profile of Australia's population". Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 6 June 2023. Archived from the original on 19 June 2023. Retrieved 19 June 2023.
  31. ^ "People & Lifestyle Noosaville Qld 4566". Archived from the original on 19 June 2023. Retrieved 19 June 2023.
  32. ^ "Affluence & Economy Noosaville Qld 4566". Archived from the original on 19 June 2023. Retrieved 19 June 2023.
  33. ^ "2013 Noosa Shire Council - Councillor Election". Electoral Commission of Queensland. Archived from the original on 16 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  34. ^ Howard, Jonathon (19 June 2014). "'No division' Noosa shire". Star Community. Archived from the original on 16 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  35. ^ "2024 Local Government Elections". Electoral Commission Queensland. Retrieved 18 March 2024.
  36. ^ "The end of an era". Sunshine Coast Daily. 14 March 2008. Archived from the original on 15 September 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  37. ^ "2016 Noosa Shire Council - Mayoral Election - Election Summary". Archived from the original on 23 March 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  38. ^ "Noosa candidate Brian Stockwell". Courier Mail. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 16 March 2024.
  39. ^ "Noosa councillor candidate Nicola Wilson". Noosa Today. 15 February 2024. Retrieved 16 March 2024.
  40. ^ "Leigh McCready, Noosa councillor candidate". Noosa Today. 9 February 2024. Retrieved 16 March 2024.
  41. ^ "Noosa teacher launches historic maternity care initiative at Parliament House". Noosa Today. 28 September 2023. Retrieved 16 March 2024.
  42. ^ *Noosa Longweekend Festival 2010 Archived 19 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Australia, 2010.
  43. ^ Holiday in Noosa Archived 26 September 2023 at the Wayback Machine, 19 September 2023
  44. ^ "Noosa Libraries". Noosa Council. Archived from the original on 7 June 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  45. ^ "Noosa Mobile Library - Mobile Stops - Noosa Mobile Hours". Shire of Noosa. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018.

Further reading edit

  • Wells, Robin A. (2003). In the Tracks of a Rainbow: Indigenous Culture and Legends of the Sunshine Coast. Gullirae Books. ISBN 0-9580854-0-4.
  • Cato, Nancy (1979). The Noosa Story: a study in unplanned development. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-7016-2635-6.
  • Petrie, Tom (1904). Tom Petrie's reminiscences of Early Queensland. Angus & Robertson Publishers. ISBN 0-207-14629-2.

External links edit

26°23′19″S 153°02′05.3″E / 26.38861°S 153.034806°E / -26.38861; 153.034806