Nonia Celsa is the name given by the Historia Augusta to the wife of Roman Emperor Macrinus (and presumed mother of his son and co-emperor Diadumenian), who ruled briefly in 217–218. The name is regarded as highly dubious by modern historians.

Nonia Celsa
Empress of the Roman Empire
Tenure217–218
SpouseMacrinus
IssueDiadumenian
FatherHaius Diadumenianus (possibly)

LifeEdit

The only evidence of her existence is a happy letter allegedly written by Macrinus to his wife after he became Emperor. The first line is as follows: "Opellius Macrinus to his wife Nonia Celsa. The good fortune to which we have attained, my dear wife, is incalculable."[1] The letter can be found in the biography of Diadumenian, part of a collection called Historia Augusta. Such "documents" are generally considered fabrications and the biographer(s) is also infamous for inventing people and names. Without further evidence even the existence of Nonia Celsa is highly dubious.[2]

The Historia Augusta also claims that her son Diadumenian got his name from his maternal grandfather, which prompted Anthony R. Birley to identify her possible father as Haius Diadumenianus, the procurator of Macrinus' native Mauretania during the reign of Septimius Severus. If true it could imply that her name was actually Haia instead of Nonia.[3][4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Thayer, Bill (1924). "Life of Diadumenianus". Historia Augusta. Loeb Classical Library.
  2. ^ Paulys, W. Kroll; Wissowa, Georg. Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft. Vol. 1. pp. 901–902.
  3. ^ Birley, Anthony R. (June 2002). Septimius Severus: The African Emperor. ISBN 9781134707454.
  4. ^ Scott, Andrew G. (24 April 2018). Emperors and Usurpers: An Historical Commentary on Cassius Dio's Roman History. ISBN 978-0-19-087961-7.

SourcesEdit

Royal titles
Preceded by Empress of Rome
217–218
Succeeded by
Empress-Mother of Rome
217–218
Succeeded by