Nocupétaro is a municipality in the Mexican state of Michoacán, located approximately 75 kilometres (47 mi) south of the state capital of Morelia.

Nocupétaro
Nocupétaro is located in Michoacán
Nocupétaro
Nocupétaro
Location of Nocupétaro
Nocupétaro is located in Mexico
Nocupétaro
Nocupétaro
Nocupétaro (Mexico)
Coordinates: 19°02′37″N 101°09′45″W / 19.04361°N 101.16250°W / 19.04361; -101.16250Coordinates: 19°02′37″N 101°09′45″W / 19.04361°N 101.16250°W / 19.04361; -101.16250[1]
Country Mexico
State Michoacán
Established2 April 1910
SeatNocupétaro de Morales
Government
 • PresidentJ. Félix González Gómez
Area
 • Total547.184 km2 (211.269 sq mi)
Elevation
[1] (of seat)
664 m (2,178 ft)
Population
 (2010 Census)[3]
 • Total7,799
 • Estimate 
(2015 Intercensal Survey)[4]
8,195
 • Density14/km2 (37/sq mi)
 • Seat
3,260
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central)
Postal codes
61900–61918[5]
Area code443
WebsiteOfficial website

GeographyEdit

The municipality of Nocupétaro is located in the Tierra Caliente region of Michoacán at an elevation between 500 and 1,800 metres (1,600–5,900 ft). It borders the municipalities of Madero to the north, Carácuaro to the east, Turicato to the southwest, and Tacámbaro to the northwest.[6] The municipality covers an area of 547.184 square kilometres (211.269 sq mi)[3] and comprises 0.93% of the state's area.[6]

As of 2009, the land cover in Nocupétaro consists of tropical forest (59%), grassland (19%) and temperate forest (14%). Another 7% of the land is used for agriculture and 0.6% consists of urban areas.[6] Nocupétaro is located in the drainage basin of the Tacámbaro River, a tributary of the Balsas River.[6]

Most of Nocupétaro has a tropical wet and dry climate with rain in the summer, while the southernmost portion of the municipality has a semi-arid climate.[2] Average temperatures in the municipality range between 20 and 28 °C (68–82 °F), and average annual precipitation ranges between 700 and 1,100 millimetres (28–43 in).[6]

HistoryEdit

Nocupétaro has been inhabited since pre-Hispanic times. The name is of Chichimeca origin and means "place in the valley". The area was evangelized by Juan Bautista Moya [es], the "Apostle of the Tierra Caliente", in the 16th century.[2] José María Morelos served as parish priest of Carácuaro and Nocupétaro from 1799 until 1810, when he joined the rebels in the Mexican War of Independence.[7] In 1822, Nocupétaro was made part of the partido of Tacámbaro. It became an independent municipality in 1910.[2][8]

AdministrationEdit

The municipal government of Nocupétaro comprises a president, a councillor (Spanish: síndico), and seven trustees (regidores), four elected by relative majority and three by proportional representation.[2] The current president of the municipality is J. Félix González Gómez.[9]

DemographicsEdit

In the 2010 Mexican Census, the municipality of Nocupétaro recorded a population of 7799 inhabitants living in 1858 households.[10] The 2015 Intercensal Survey estimated a population of 8195 inhabitants in Nocupétaro.[4]

There are 142 localities in the municipality,[1] of which only the municipal seat Nocupétaro de Morelos is classified as urban. It recorded a population of 3260 inhabitants in the 2010 Census.[10]

EconomyEdit

Nocupétaro is one of the poorest municipalities in Michoacán. As of 2017, half of its population lived in extreme poverty.[11] Agriculture is the main economic activity in the municipality. The main crops are corn, sorghum, beans and squash, and livestock such as goats, pigs, cattle and poultry are raised.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Sistema Nacional de Información Municipal" (in Spanish). SEGOB. 2010. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Nocupétaro". Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México (in Spanish). INAFED. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "Nocupétaro: Datos generales". Cédulas de información municipal (in Spanish). SEDESOL. 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b Panorama sociodemográfico de Michoacán de Ocampo 2015 (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. 2016. p. 136. ISBN 978-607-739-850-9. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Consulta de Códigos Postales". Catálogo Nacional de Códigos Postales. Mexican Postal Service. 27 December 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Nocupétaro, Michoacán de Ocampo" (PDF). Prontuario de información geográfica municipal de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (in Spanish). INEGI. 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  7. ^ Gutiérrez Escudero, Antonio (2008). "José María Morelos: el siervo de la nación mexicana (I)" (PDF). Araucaria (in Spanish). 10 (20): 235–247. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  8. ^ Estado de Michoacán de Ocampo. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 160–161. ISBN 970-13-1501-4.
  9. ^ Aparicio, Beatriz (25 September 2018). "Configuración política de Michoacán 2018-2021". Alcaldes de México (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  10. ^ a b "Resumen municipal: Municipio de Nocupétaro". Catálogo de Localidades (in Spanish). SEDESOL. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  11. ^ Morales Pérez, Uriel (18 April 2017). "En pobreza extrema, 50% de habitantes de Nocupétaro". Quadratín (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  12. ^ Nocupétaro Municipal Council (22 April 2019). "Plan de Desarrollo Municipal" (PDF). Periódico Oficial del Estado de Michoacán, 4a. Secc. (in Spanish). Government of Michoacán. p. 11. Retrieved 28 December 2020.