No. 502 (Ulster) Squadron was a Royal Auxiliary Air Force squadron that saw service in World War II. It was reformed in September 2013, and is the oldest of all the reserve squadrons, being formed in 1925.
|No. 502 (Ulster) Squadron RAF|
|Active||15 May 1925 – 25 May 1945|
10 May 1946 – 10 March 1957
September 2013 - present
|Branch||Royal Auxiliary Air Force|
|Part of||RAF Bomber Command (25–38,46)|
RAF Coastal Command (38–45)
RAF Fighter Command (47–57)
|Motto(s)||Latin: Nihil timeo|
(Translation: "I fear nothing")
|Battle honours||Atlantic, 1939–44|
Channel & North Sea, 1942–45
These honours are all emblazoned on the squadron standard
|Honorary Air Commodores||Lord Londonderry|
|Squadron Badge heraldry||A red hand erased|
The red hand is taken from the arms of Ulster, 502 being the Ulster Auxiliary Squadron. The hand is erased though, instead of couped.
|Squadron Codes||KQ (Apr 1939 – Sep 1939)|
YG (Sep 1939 – Feb 1943)
V9 (Jun 1944 – May 1945, 1949–1953)
RAC (May 1946–1949)
Formation and early yearsEdit
No. 502 squadron was originally formed on 15 May 1925 as No. 502 (Bomber) Squadron, a Special Reserve squadron at RAF Aldergrove, and it was composed of a mixture of regular and reserve personnel. On 1 December 1925 the name No. 502 (Ulster) Squadron was adopted. The squadron operated in the heavy night bomber role and as such it was initially equipped with Vickers Vimys from June 1925, re-equipping with Handley Page Hyderabads in July 1928. Vickers Virginias arrived in December 1931, but in October 1935 the squadron was transferred to the day bomber role for which it received Westland Wallaces, Hawker Hinds arriving in April 1937. Shortly after this, on 1 July 1937, it was transferred to the Auxiliary Air Force, the Special Reserve being disbanded.
In Coastal CommandEdit
On 28 November 1938, No. 502 (Ulster) Squadron became part of RAF Coastal Command, and was re-equipped with Avro Ansons in January 1939. When war broke out, the squadron was used to fly patrols in the Atlantic off the Irish Coast. From October 1940, the Squadron flew with Armstrong Whitworth Whitleys. It was reported that on 30 November 1941 the squadron became the first Coastal Command unit to make a successful attack on a U-boat with air-to-surface radar, sinking U-Boat U-206 in the Bay of Biscay. This report has been countered with newer information that the U-206 was more probably sunk by the minefield, "Beech," laid there by the British after August 1940, and that the squadron's attack was actually on U-71, which escaped without loss.
In January 1942 the squadron officially moved to both Norfolk (RAF Docking) and Cornwall, where a maintenance station was set up at RAF St Eval. Until 1944 the squadron's main role was to carry anti-submarine patrols. In January 1943 conversion to Halifax GR.Mk.IIs began, the first patrol by this type being flown on 12 March. In addition to anti-submarine patrols, now also attacks on enemy shipping off the French coast were made. In September 1944 with the French coast back in Allied hands, the squadron moved to Scotland at RAF Stornoway to carry out attacks on German shipping off the Norwegian coast, remaining there until the end of the war. It was disbanded on 25 May 1945.
Into the jet ageEdit
With the reactivation of the Auxiliary Air Force, No. 502 was reformed on 10 May 1946, again at RAF Aldergrove, but now as a light bomber squadron, equipped with Mosquito B.25s from July 1946. In December night fighter Mosquitoes replaced the bombers, but in June 1948 the units of the by now Royal Auxiliary Air Force all converted to the day fighter role, 502 receiving Spitfire F.22s for the purpose. Jet conversion began in January 1951 with the arrival of Vampire FB.5s, which were supplemented by FB.9s in July 1954. The squadron continued to fly both types until, along with all the flying units of the RAuxAF, it was disbanded on 10 March 1957.
Reformation at AldergroveEdit
It was confirmed in September 2013 that No. 502 (Ulster) Squadron has reformed at Aldergrove Flying Station. As a general Squadron its mission is to provide fully trained Royal Auxiliary Air Force personnel, across a wide spectrum of roles, to support current and future worldwide commitments. No. 502 is the oldest of the reserve squadrons, having been formed in 1925, and in 2019, a new standard was awarded to the squadron as the old standard had been awarded in 1939 and was worn out.
|June 1925||July 1928||Vickers Vimy|
|July 1928||February 1932||Handley Page Hyderabad|
|December 1931||October 1935||Vickers Virginia||Mk.X|
|October 1935||May 1937||Westland Wallace||Mk.I|
|November 1935||May 1937||Westland Wallace||Mk.II|
|April 1937||April 1939||Hawker Hind|
|January 1939||November 1940||Avro Anson||Mk.I|
|August 1940||November 1940||Blackburn Botha||Mk.I|
|September 1940||February 1942||Armstrong Whitworth Whitley||Mk.V|
|November 1941||February 1943||Armstrong Whitworth Whitley||Mk.VII|
|January 1943||March 1945||Handley Page Halifax||GR.Mk.II Srs.IA|
|December 1944||May 1945||Handley Page Halifax||GR.Mks.IIIA, VI|
|July 1946||December 1947||de Havilland Mosquito||B.25|
|December 1947||June 1948||de Havilland Mosquito||NF.30|
|June 1948||January 1951||Supermarine Spitfire||F.22|
|January 1951||March 1951||de Havilland Vampire||F.3|
|March 1951||March 1957||de Havilland Vampire||FB.5|
|July 1954||March 1957||de Havilland Vampire||FB.9|
|27 January 1925||27 January 1941||RAF Aldergrove, County Antrim||Detachment at RAF Hooton Park, Cheshire|
|27 January 1941||12 January 1942||RAF Limavady, County Londonderry||Detachments at RAF Wick, Caithness, Scotland; RAF Chivenor,|
Devon; RAF St Eval, Cornwall and RAF Reykjavik, Iceland
|12 February 1942||22 February 1942||RAF Docking, Norfolk||Detachment at RAF St Eval, Cornwall|
|22 February 1942||2 March 1943||RAF St Eval, Cornwall|
|2 March 1943||25 March 1943||RAF Holmesley South, Hampshire||Detachment at RAF St Eval, Cornwall|
|25 March 1943||30 June 1943||RAF St Eval, Cornwall|
|30 June 1943||10 December 1943||RAF Holmesley South, Hampshire||Detachment at RAF St Eval, Cornwall|
|10 December 1943||11 September 1944||RAF St David's, Pembrokeshire, Wales|
|11 September 1944||25 May 1945||RAF Stornoway, Western Isles, Scotland||Detachment at RAF Wick, Caithness, Scotland|
|17 July 1946||10 March 1957||RAF Aldergrove, County Antrim|
|May 1925||November 1926||S/Ldr. R.D. Oxland|
|W/Cdr. A.C. Wright, AFC|
|S/Ldr. C.L. King, MC, DFC|
|W/Cdr. F.P. Don|
|March 1932||W/Cdr. R.T. Leather, AFC|
|March 1932||1934||W/Cdr. L.T.N. Gould, MC|
|1934||W/Cdr. J.C. Russell, DSO|
|November 1937||S/Ldr. G.V. Tyrell, MC|
|November 1937||December 1940||W/Cdr. L.R. Briggs|
|December 1940||November 1941||W/Cdr. T.C. Cooper|
|November 1941||September 1942||W/Cdr. F.C. Richardson|
|September 1942||August 1943||W/Cdr. J.C. Halley, DSO|
|August 1943||May 1944||W/Cdr. N.M. Bayliss|
|May 1944||October 1944||W/Cdr. C.A. Maton, DSO, SAAF|
|October 1944||November 1944||W/Cdr. K.B. Corbould, DFC|
|November 1944||May 1945||W/Cdr. H.H.C. Holderness, DFC, AFC, DSO|
|July 1946||S/Ldr. W.H. McGiffin|
|S/Ldr. D.F.B. Sheen, DFC & Bar, RAAF|
|1956||S/Ldr. N.G. Townsend, DFC|
|1956||March 1957||S/Ldr. J.H. Pearce|
- Clive Beadon
- John Burrough (rower), killed 26 November 1944.
- William Maxfield (cyclist), killed 27 December 1943.
- Michael Oser Weizmann, son of Chaim Weizmann, who was shot down and reported missing in 1942.
- ^ a b Hunt 1972, p. 396.
- ^ a b Moyes 1964, p. 264
- ^ a b Rawlings 1969, p. 458.
- ^ a b c d e f Rawlings 1982, p. 227.
- ^ a b Halley 1988, p. 390.
- ^ Hunt 1972, p. 394.
- ^ a b Barrass, M. B. (2015). "No. 500–520 Squadron Histories". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- ^ Bowyer & Rawlings 1979, p. 14.
- ^ Flintham & Thomas 2003, p. 50.
- ^ Bowyer & Rawlings 1979, p. 117.
- ^ Flintham & Thomas 2003, p. 121.
- ^ Bowyer & Rawlings 1979, p. 107.
- ^ Flintham & Thomas 2003, pp. 114, 158.
- ^ Bowyer & Rawlings 1979, p. 138.
- ^ Flintham & Thomas 2003, p. 184.
- ^ a b c Moyes 1964, p. 265
- ^ Hunt 1972, p. 382.
- ^ Helgason, Guðmundur (2015). "U-206". uboat.net. Archived from the original on 30 October 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- ^ Helgason, Guðmundur (2015). "U-71". uboat.net. Archived from the original on 28 October 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- ^ a b c Halley 1988, p. 391.
- ^ a b c Jefford 1998, p. 96.
- ^ "502 (Ulster) Reserves". Royal Air Force. 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- ^ "RAF Reserves come back to Aldergrove". Antrim Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013.
- ^ Williams, Simon, ed. (31 May 2019). "Oldest reserve squadron receives new Standard". RAF News. No. 1, 468. p. 17. ISSN 0035-8614.
- ^ McNeill, Ross (August 1999). "No. 502 (Ulster) Squadron RAF". RAF Commands. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- ^ Hunt 1972, pp. 379–396.
- Bowyer, Michael J. F.; Rawlings, John Dunstan Richard (1979). Squadron Codes, 1937-56. P. Stephens. ISBN 978-0-85059-364-8.
- Flintham, Vic; Thomas, Andrew (2003). Combat Codes: A Full Explanation and Listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied Air Force Unit Codes Since 1938. Airlife. ISBN 978-1-84037-281-6.
- Halley, James J. (1988). The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918–1988. Air Britain Historians Ltd. ISBN 978-0-85130-164-8.
- Hunt, Leslie (1972). Twenty-one Squadrons: History of the Royal Auxiliary Air Force, 1925–57. London: Garnstone Press. ISBN 978-0-85511-110-6.. (New edition in 1992 by Crécy Publishing, ISBN 978-0-947554-26-2.)
- Jefford, C.G. (1998). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84037-141-3. (second edition 2001)
- Moyes, Philip J.R. (1964). Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd. ISBN 978-0-354-01027-6. (new edition 1976)
- Rawlings, John D.R. (1982). Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7106-0187-2.
- Rawlings, John D.R. (1969). Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd. ISBN 978-0-354-01028-3. (new edition 1976, reprinted 1978)