Nizamuddin Markaz Mosque

Nizamuddin Markaz, also called Banglewali Masjid, is a mosque located in Nizamuddin West in South Delhi, India. It is the birthplace and global centre of the Tablighi Jamaat,[1][2] the missionary and reformist movement started by Muhammad Ilyas Kandhlawi in 1926.

Nizamuddin Markaz Mosque
Religion
AffiliationIslam
LeadershipMuhammad Saad Kandhlawi
Location
LocationNizamuddin West
CountryIndia
Nizamuddin Markaz Mosque is located in Delhi
Nizamuddin Markaz Mosque
Shown within Delhi
Nizamuddin Markaz Mosque is located in India
Nizamuddin Markaz Mosque
Nizamuddin Markaz Mosque (India)
TerritoryDelhi
Geographic coordinates28°35′30″N 77°14′36″E / 28.59157°N 77.24336°E / 28.59157; 77.24336Coordinates: 28°35′30″N 77°14′36″E / 28.59157°N 77.24336°E / 28.59157; 77.24336
Architecture
Typemasjid
Completedc. 1857

Since 2015, frictions developed within the group over the leadership of the organisation, and factions have developed. The mosque continues to serve as the headquarters of the Nizamuddin faction of Tablighi Jamaat.[3]

BuildingEdit

The New York Times describes the Markaz as "a tall, white, modern building towering over the Nizamuddin West neighborhood".[2] It is said to be a centre of the neighbourhood's economy, with money changers, guesthouses, travel agencies and gift shops surrounding it and catering to the missionaries that visit the Markaz.[2]

The building is six stories high, and is capable of housing about 2,000 people. It is adjacent to the Hazrat Nizamuddin Police Station, with which it shares a wall. The famous Khawaja Nizamuddin Aulia shrine is close by.[4]

There is a Madrasa along with the Markaz Masjid named Kashiful Uloom.

Typical gatherings at the Markaz host 2,000–4,000 people. During the day, the large halls in the building are used for prayers and sermons. At night, they are used as sleeping quarters for 200–300 people on each floor.[5]

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

The Banglewali Masjid (Bungalow Mosque) was built in Nizamuddin by Mirza Ilahi Baksh, a relative of the last Mughal emperor, sometime after 1857. Maulana Muhammad Ismail, the father of Maulana Muhammad Ilyas Kandhlawi, established a madrasa in its premises under the name Kashif ul-Uloom. It is said that he used to go out and invite people to come to the mosque and, on one occasion, he happened to bring Meos from Mewat who were in Delhi as labourers. Noticing that they were not schooled in proper practice of prayer, he decided to teach it to them, which was the beginning of the madrasa.[6]

After the death of Maulana Ismail and his elder son, MaulanaMuhammad Ilyas took up the task of teaching at the madrasa. He too was concerned with educating the Meos of Mewat.[7] Noticing that his own direct teaching would be inadequate to the task, in time, he evolved the practices of tabligh that now form the foundation of Tablighi Jamaat.[8] They involved turning ordinary Muslims into preachers. Training them in the preaching work became the main activity of the madrasa, gradually turning the Banglewali Masjid into a markaz (centre or headquarters). Ilyas also set up an organisational network for his fledgling organisation bringing men of influence to gather in the mosque. By the end of Ilyas's life, Tablighi Jamaat emerged as a national organisation with transnational potential.[9]

Transnational centreEdit

Under Ilyas's son and successor, Muhammad Yusuf Kandhlawi (1917–1965), the Tablighi Jamaat expanded worldwide and became a transnational organisation.[10] The Nizamuddin Markaz became the world headquarters (Aalami Markaz). According to a commentator, it is "the heart circulating blood through the body" for the Tablighi Jamaat organisation.[11] It is the place where people are trained for missionary work, worldwide tours are organised and information to the entire worldwide network is distributed.[11]

After Yusuf Kandhlawi's sudden death, the senior members chose Inamul Hasan Kandhlawi (1918–1995), a close relative of Maulana Ilyas, as the third amir.[12] After the 30-year leadership of Inamul Hasan, during which the movement grew to its present size, an executive council (shura) was established to share the responsibilities of leadership.[12]

Recent developmentsEdit

According to scholar Zacharias Pieri, the final decision-making responsibility fell on two men within the shura: Zubair ul-Hasan Kandhlawi and Muhammad Saad Kandhlawi.[13] After Zubair ul-Hasan's death in 2014, Maulana Saad assumed the leadership of the council and the movement.[14] According to The Milli Gazette, the senior members of the Tablighi Jamaat from around the world met at the Pakistan regional markaz at Raiwind in 2015 and resolved that the organisation would be governed by a shura. Raiwind amir Muhammad Abdul Wahhab who was a member of the original shura backed this effort.[3][15] Kandhlawi did not accept the recommendations of the meeting, causing a split in the organisation.[3]

The friction led to division of the Tablighi Jamaat leadership into two groups, the first being led by Muhammad Saad Kandhlawi at the Nizamuddin Markaz, while the other being led by Ibrahim Dewla, Ahmed Laat and others at Nerul Markaz, Navi Mumbai in India.[16] The Raiwind Markaz in Pakistan is part of the latter group and has become the "de facto base" of the shura group.[17][15]

COVID-19 pandemicEdit

The mosque organised a large congregation in March 2020, from 13 to 15 March, participants got stuck in the Markaz Building due to the sudden and surprise announcement of nationwide lockdown in India by the government. Although prior information was furnished with the Nizamiddin Police station, and parallel functions were also held near the same dates (belonging to other religions), some right wing media outlets made a big propaganda of this event as reason for Corona spread in the state.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Uday Mahurkar, Tablighi Jamaat's defiance spreads concern, India Today, 1 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Jeffrey Gettleman, Kai Schultz, Suhasini Raj, In India, Coronavirus Fans Religious Hatred, The New York Times, 12 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b c M. Burhanuddin Qasmi (30 July 2016). "Tablighi Jamaat at the crossroads". The Milli Gazette.
  4. ^ Nizamuddin Markaz: State-wise list of nearly 2,000 people who attended Tablighi Jamaat in March, India TV, 31 March 2020.
  5. ^ Reuters, The Religious Retreat That Sparked India's Major Coronavirus Manhunt, The New York Times, 2 April 2020.
  6. ^ Kuiper (2017), pp. 168–169.
  7. ^ Kuiper (2017), p. 173.
  8. ^ Kuiper (2017), pp. 179.
  9. ^ Kuiper (2017), pp. 180–182.
  10. ^ Pieri (2015), p. 60.
  11. ^ a b Pieri (2015), p. 65.
  12. ^ a b Pieri (2015), p. 61.
  13. ^ Pieri (2015), p. 61: "Since Izhar ul-Hasan’s death in 1996, the governing executive council was made up of Zubayr and Saad (Arshad 2007).[3] In the strictest sense, the final decision-making powers in the movement fell to these two men."
  14. ^ Pieri (2015), p. 61: "In 2014, there was yet another change in TJ’s leadership with the passing away of Zubair ul-Hasan. Zubair was seen as the senior leader in the movement and teacher of the current leader Maulana Saad. ... Reetz commented that even before Maulana Zubair’s death, Maulana Saad moved to the center of the movement and was seen as the “spiritual and symbolic head” attracting immense popularity on an international level."
  15. ^ a b Ghazali, Abdus Satar (12 October 2018). "Global leadership split in Tablighi Jamaat echoes in San Francisco Bay Area". countercurrents.org. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  16. ^ Mohammed Wajihuddin (1 April 2020). "How Tablighi movement split into two groups two years ago". The Times of India.
  17. ^ Timol, Riyaz (14 October 2019). "Structures of Organisation and Loci of Authority in a Glocal Islamic Movement: The Tablighi Jama'at in Britain". Religions. 10 (10): 573. doi:10.3390/rel10100573.

BibliographyEdit