Niuvanniemi hospital

Niuvanniemi hospital is a state mental hospital in the Niuva district of Kuopio, Finland. Along with the other state mental hospital, Vanha Vaasa hospital, it provides forensic psychiatric services for the entire country. Niuvanniemi is the main location for secure housing and involuntary commitment of criminal patients (i.e. individuals that a court has found criminally insane), and also receives difficult-to-treat or dangerous mental patients from other hospitals. Niuvanniemi is active in forensic psychiatry research, as a clinic of University of Eastern Finland.

Niuvanniemi hospital
Ministry of Social Affairs and Health
Administration building of the mental hospital
LocationNiuva, Kuopio, Finland
ListsHospitals in Finland

Niuvanniemi hospital was founded in 1885 and is the oldest psychiatric hospital still in operation in Finland. Niuvanniemi conducts about half of the court-ordered mental examinations. Niuvanniemi has 260 beds for patients, of which 12 are for minors. In 2010, 51% of patients were patients whose sentence for a serious crime has been waived due to insanity; they are committed for 8 years and 8 months on average.[1] Other difficult-to-treat patients, transferred from other hospitals, are committed at least 3–4 years, on average 5 years and 3 months.[2][3] Niuvanniemi is not a correctional institution, i.e. the inmates are mental patients, not convicts, thus there are no set time limits for detention. (Within the penal system proper, there Psykiatrinen vankisairaala with locations in Turku and Vantaa, where the patients are convicts.)

Notable patientsEdit


  1. ^ "Niuvanniemi hospital". Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Niuvanniemi tekee puolet Suomen mielentilatutkimuksista - - Kotimaa". Archived from the original on 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  3. ^ "Niuvanniemi hospital". Retrieved 14 January 2019.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 62°54′54″N 27°37′25″E / 62.91500°N 27.62361°E / 62.91500; 27.62361