Nirma is a group of companies based in the city of Ahmedabad in Gujarat, India that manufactures products ranging from Cements, cosmetics, soaps, detergents, salt, soda ash, LAB and Injectables. Karsanbhai Patel, an entrepreneur and philanthropist of Gujarat, started Nirma as a one-man operation. Today Nirma has over 25,000 employees and a turnover of over ₹15500 crore

IndustryFast-moving consumer goods
HeadquartersAhmedabad, Gujarat, India
Area served
Key people
Karsanbhai Patel (CMD)
ProductsNuvoco Cements, Nirma detergent, Nirma soaps

Major productsEdit

  • Soda ash
  • Linear alkyl benzene
  • Soaps
  • Detergents
  • Edible & industrial salt
  • Alpha olefin sulfonate
  • Sulfuric acid
  • Glycerin
  • Infusions
  • Injectables
  • Critical care products
  • Medical disposables
  • Sugar
  • Cement
  • Single super phosphate
  • Castor oil
  • Multilayer tubes
  • Seamless tubes
  • Tube laminate
  • Flexible laminate
  • Paper & plastic cups
  • Tarpaulin
  • Injection molding
  • Bromine
  • Phosphoric acid


Starting as a one-product, one-man outfit from a 100 sq ft (9.3 m2) room in 1969, Nirma became a very successful company within three decades.[1] The company had multi-locational manufacturing facilities, and a broad product portfolio under an umbrella brand – Nirma.

Nirma successfully countered competition from HUL and carved a niche for itself in the lower-end of the detergents and toilet soap market. However, Nirma realised that it would have to launch products for the upper end of the market to retain its middle class consumers who would graduate to the upper end. The company launched toilet soaps for the premium segment. However, analysts felt that Nirma would not be able to repeat its success story in the premium segment.[citation needed]

In 2000, Nirma had a 15% share in the toilet soap segment and more than 30% share in the detergent market.[citation needed] Aided by growth in volumes and commissioning of backward integration projects, Nirma's turnover for the year ended March 2000 increased by 17% over the previous fiscal, to ₹1,217 crores.[citation needed]

Nirma is also present in cement business as "NIRMAX" [1]. Nirma also acquired Lafarge India Cement Assets for $1.4 Billion [2]. Nirma acquired another big company Emami cement in Feb,2020 [3]


In 1969, Dr. Karsanbhai Patel, a chemist at the Gujarat Government's Department of Mining and Geology manufactured phosphate-free synthetic detergent powder, and started selling it locally. The new yellow powder was priced at ₹3.50 per kg, at a time when HUL's Surf was priced at ₹13. Soon, there was a huge demand for Nirma in Ruppur (Gujarat), Patel's hometown. He started packing the formulation in a 10x10ft room in his house. Patel named the powder as Nirma, after his daughter Nirupama. Patel was able to sell about 15-20 packets a day on his way to the office on bicycle, some 15 km away. By 1985, Nirma washing powder had become one of the most popular, household detergents in many parts of the country.[2][3][citation needed]

By 1999, Nirma was a major consumer brand, offering a range of detergents, soaps and personal care products.[4] Nirma's success in the highly competitive soap and detergent market was attributed to its brand promotion efforts[citation needed], which was complemented by its distribution reach and market penetration. Nirma's network consisted of about 400 distributors and over 20 lakh retail outlets across the country. This huge network enabled Nirma to make its products available to the smallest village.[citation needed]

In November, 2007, Nirma purchased American raw materials company Searles Valley Minerals Inc., making it among the top seven soda ash manufacturers in the world.[5]

The Logo of Nirma Girl which is mostly printed on the bags of detergent is drawn by Mr Khanvilkar who lives in Pune.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Nirma Ltd. Com". Economic Times. 14 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  2. ^ Mahesh, Chandni (23 April 2017). "The story of the dancing girl-Nirma". Medium (website). Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  3. ^ "40 years ago...and now: Nirma girl endears, but brand's seen better days". Business Standard. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  4. ^ "SRIJAN March - 2010". Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  5. ^ "Nirma shares soar 7% on acquisition of US co". The Economic Times. 27 November 2007.

External linksEdit