The Nippi NP-100 Albatross was a Japanese two side-by-side seat motorized glider, powered by a ducted fan rather than the usual propeller. It did not go into production.

NP-100 Albatross
Role Powered two-seat glider
National origin Japan
Manufacturer Nihon Hikoki Kabushiki Kaisha (Japan Aircraft Manufacturing Co. Ltd)
First flight 25 December 1975
Number built 1

Design and development edit

The Albatross was the first Japanese motorized glider, unusual in being powered by a ducted fan. Design work started in late 1973 and the first flight of the NP-100 prototype was made on 25 December 1975. After a period of testing in 1976 led to several modifications and a change of name to NP-100A. There was another period of testing in the second quarter of 1978 to finalize the configuration and power plant of production aircraft.[1][2] Despite this, the Albatross was not put into production.[3]

Apart from its power unit, the Albatross was a fairly conventional high-wing monoplane glider. Its wing was an all-metal, single-spar structure and of unswept, straight-tapered plan. There were plain ailerons and two-part flaps; the inboard and outboard sections of the flaps were linked, but the inboard part had greater deflections and could be used as an air brake. The tail surfaces were also all-metal and straight-tapered; the horizontal surfaces were mounted on top of the fuselage.[1]

The fuselage was a standard all-metal semi-monocoque, with the side-by-side seats under a long, low rearward-sliding two-piece canopy, with its rear at the wing leading edge. The Albatross's undercarriage had two main wheels side by side, attached to the fuselage and retracting forward into it. Its tail wheel was steerable via the rudder bar. A modified motorcycle engine, located in the centre of the fuselage, drove a four-blade wooded ducted fan. This drew in air through intakes in the fuselage sides with slatted doors, closed when the engine was off, and exhausted ventrally just behind the trailing edge under the slender rear fuselage.[1]

Variants edit

First version, flown 25 December 1975
Post-1976 modified version, 80 kg (176 lb) heavier.[4]

Specifications (NP-100) edit

Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1976-77[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two
  • Length: 8.00 m (26 ft 3 in) tail up
  • Wingspan: 18.00 m (59 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 2.23 m (7 ft 4 in) over tail
  • Wing area: 18.00 m2 (193.8 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 18.0
  • Airfoil: Wortmann FX-67-K-170
  • Empty weight: 420 kg (926 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 600 kg (1,323 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 40 L (8.8 Imp; 10.7 US gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Kawasaki HZI 748 cc modified three-cylinder motor-cycle engine, 45 kW (60 hp) at 6,000 rpm
  • Propellers: 4-bladed, 0.60 m (2 ft 0 in) diameter fan


  • Maximum speed: 160 km/h (99 mph, 86 kn) powered, sea level
  • Cruise speed: 48.5 km/h (30.1 mph, 26.2 kn) powered, economical, sea level
  • Stall speed: 90 km/h (56 mph, 49 kn) powered
  • Range: 200 km (120 mi, 110 nmi) at 110 km/h (68 mph; 59 kn)
  • Endurance: 2 h at economical cruising speed, full fuel
  • Maximum glide ratio: 30:1 at 90 km/h (56 mph; 48.5 kn) unpowered
  • Rate of climb: 2.0 m/s (390 ft/min) powered, maximum at sea level
  • Rate of sink: 0.80 m/s (157 ft/min) minimum, at 83 km/h (51.5 mph; 48.5 kn), unpowered
  • Wing loading: 33.3 kg/m2 (6.8 lb/sq ft) maximum
  • Take-off run: 365 m (1,200 ft)
  • Take-off to 15 m (50 ft): 600 m (1,960 ft)
  • Landing from 15 m (50 ft): 400 m (1,312ft)

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e Taylor, John W R (1976). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1976-77. London: Jane's Yearbooks. p. 574. ISBN 0 354 00538 3.
  2. ^ a b Taylor, John W. R. (1981). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1981-1982. London: Jane's Information Group. p. 585. ISBN 0710607059.
  3. ^ a b "Nippi NP-100A Albatross". Retrieved 26 December 2012.
  4. ^ a b Taylor, John W. R. (1980). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1980-1981. London: Jane's Publishing Co. p. 591. ISBN 0 7106 0705 9.

External links edit