Ninju (仁寿) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Kashō and before Saikō. This period spanned the years from April 851 through November 854.[1] The reigning emperor was Montoku-tennō (文徳天皇).[2]

Change of era

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  • February 5, 851 Ninju gannen (仁寿元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Kashō 4, on the 28th day of the 4th month of 851.[3]

Events of the Ninju era

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Notes

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  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kōnin" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 716, p. 716, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File Archived 2012-05-24 at archive.today.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 112; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 264–265; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 165.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 285; Titsingh, p. 112.
  4. ^ Titsingh, p. 113.
  5. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines, p. 459.

References

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  • Aston, William George. (1896). Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner. OCLC 84460259
  • Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 3994492
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764
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Preceded by Era or nengō
Ninju

851–854
Succeeded by