Nine Lights Doctrine
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The Nine Lights Doctrine refers to an ideology introduced by Alparslan Turkeş, the founder of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) of Turkey. Each of the lights is presented as a precept "good-for-everybody". The nine lights are as follows:
- Patriotism; in means of acknowledging the supremacy of the Turks in every way, as the cradle of the developed civilization.
- Idealism; in means to provide security and stability to the Turkish nation
- Morality; living and supporting the Turkish culture
- Socialmindedness; in means to support economic development and a wellbeing for everyone
- Scientific mentality; to support universal research
- Liberalism; to ensure the liberties
- Peasent care; the support the development of the agricultural working population
- Populism; to direct ones actions towards the wellbeing of the majority and
- Industrialization; to modernize the economy and prepare for the nuclear and space era
The Nine Lights Doctrine was at first published only as a pamphlet of 16 pages but until 1978 it evolved into an ideology presented in a book of 672 pages. The nine light doctrine was included into the party program of the Republican Peasents' Nationalist Party in 1967, which later changed its name and evolved into the Nationalist Movement Party( MHP) in 1969.
- "PROFILE - Turkish nationalist leader commemorated 23 years on". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2020-05-27.
- Landau, Jacob M. (2004). Exploring Ottoman and Turkish History. Hurst & Company. p. 203. ISBN 978-1-85065-752-1.
- Rubin, Barry M.; Heper, Metin (2002). Political Parties in Turkey. Psychology Press. pp. 26–27. ISBN 978-0-7146-5274-0.