Nine Lights Doctrine

The Nine Lights Doctrine refers to an ideology introduced by Alparslan Turkeş, the founder of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) of Turkey.[1] Each of the lights is presented as a precept "good-for-everybody". The nine lights are as follows:[2]

  • Patriotism; in means of acknowledging the supremacy of the Turks in every way, as the cradle of the developed civilization.
  • Idealism; in means to provide security and stability to the Turkish nation
  • Morality; living and supporting the Turkish culture
  • Socialmindedness; in means to support economic development and a wellbeing for everyone
  • Scientific mentality; to support universal research
  • Liberalism; to ensure the liberties
  • Peasent care; the support the development of the agricultural working population
  • Populism; to direct ones actions towards the wellbeing of the majority and
  • Industrialization; to modernize the economy and prepare for the nuclear and space era

The Nine Lights Doctrine was at first published only as a pamphlet of 16 pages but until 1978 it evolved into an ideology presented in a book of 672 pages.[2] The nine light doctrine was included into the party program of the Republican Peasents' Nationalist Party in 1967,[3] which later changed its name and evolved into the Nationalist Movement Party( MHP) in 1969.[3]


  1. ^ "PROFILE - Turkish nationalist leader commemorated 23 years on". Retrieved 2020-05-27.
  2. ^ a b Landau, Jacob M. (2004). Exploring Ottoman and Turkish History. Hurst & Company. p. 203. ISBN 978-1-85065-752-1.
  3. ^ a b Rubin, Barry M.; Heper, Metin (2002). Political Parties in Turkey. Psychology Press. pp. 26–27. ISBN 978-0-7146-5274-0.