The origins of the name go back to the terms "millî mefkure (ülkü)" used by Ziya Gökalp and "millî ülkü" used by Nihal Atsız and Pan-Turkists. 1950-1953 it was used by Turkish Nationalists Association during its years. Ülkü means "ideal" in terms of the word meaning. Nationalism is the equivalent of "idealism".
On 3 May 1944, a large group protested the prosecution of Nihal Atsız in Istanbul as well as in Ankara and his friends marched from the Ankara courthouse to Ulus square. Although the Turkism movement was a national policy in the state levels during the time of Atatürk, it begins with this event that it became a mass idea. Alparslan Türkeş, a young lieutenant who was coming and going to Nihal Atsız at that time, was also among those arrested.
- "idealizm", TDK Genel Türkçe Sözlük
- Landau, Jacob M.; Landau, Gersten Professor of Political Science Jacob M.; Landau, Yaʻaqov M. (1995). Pan-Turkism: From Irredentism to Cooperation. Indiana University Press. pp. 116–117. ISBN 978-0-253-32869-4.