Idealism (Turkey)

Idealism (Turkish: Ülkücülük, Ülkücü düşünce) is the name of Alparslan Türkeş and the Nationalist Movement Party lines, as a principle of the Nine Light doctrine.[1]


The origins of the name go back to the terms "millî mefkure (ülkü)" used by Ziya Gökalp and "millî ülkü" used by Nihal Atsız and Pan-Turkists. 1950-1953 it was used by Turkish Nationalists Association during its years. Ülkü means "ideal" in terms of the word meaning. Nationalism is the equivalent of "idealism".[2]

On 3 May 1944, a large group protested the prosecution of Nihal Atsız in Istanbul as well as in Ankara[3] and his friends marched from the Ankara courthouse to Ulus square. Although the Turkism movement was a national policy in the state levels during the time of Atatürk, it begins with this event that it became a mass idea. Alparslan Türkeş, a young lieutenant who was coming and going to Nihal Atsız at that time, was also among those arrested.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^
  2. ^ "idealizm", TDK Genel Türkçe Sözlük
  3. ^ Landau, Jacob M.; Landau, Gersten Professor of Political Science Jacob M.; Landau, Yaʻaqov M. (1995). Pan-Turkism: From Irredentism to Cooperation. Indiana University Press. pp. 116–117. ISBN 978-0-253-32869-4.