Nicosia District (Greek: Eπαρχία Λευκωσίας; Turkish: Lefkoşa kazası) is one of the six districts of Cyprus. Its main town is the island country's capital city, Nicosia. The TRNC-controlled northern part of the district is the Lefkoşa District of the unrecognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
TRNC-controlled areas of the Larnaca District of the Republic of Cyprus are administered as part of Nicosia District, while western parts of the Nicosia District under TRNC control are administered as part of the new Güzelyurt and Lefke Districts.
Under Lusignan rule, at least the latter part and then during the Venetian period, the Kingdom of Cyprus was divided into eleven provinces called in French contrées and in Italian contrade. The area around Nicosia was the province of Vicomté (literally the domain of a Viscount). It covered the eastern half of the present District of Nicosia, what would later become the Nahiehs of Dagh and Deyirmenlik (orange on map). The western half of the present district formed the province of Pendaïa (Pendagia). One significant difference in the borders was that Vicomté extended closer to the sea, encroaching upon the Pentadaktylos foothills in the present Kyrenia District.
Under Ottoman Turkish rule, Nicosia was one of the six cazas into which the island was divided. The Caza of Nicosia, also known as the Caza of Deyirmenlik, was divided into two nahiehs - Dagh (Orini) and Deyirmenlik (Kythrea). The caza was headed by a Kaimakan. When the British took control of Cyprus in 1878, these administrative units were retained. A British officer styled a Commissioner (later District Officer) was appointed for the caza of Nicosia, while the Turkish Kaimakan was initially retained with certain of his functions.
The town of Nicosia, previously separate, came under the Nahieh of Deyirmenlik (Greek: Kythrea) in the British period.
The population of Nicosia Caza or District in 1881 was as follows:
|Nicosia District (Cyprus government sector)||326980|
|Nicosia District (Turkish sector)||94824|
|Morphou District (Turkish sector)||30037|
Thus, the population of Nicosia District has increased eight-fold since 1881.
According to Statistical Codes of Municipalities, Communities and Quarters of Cyprus per the Statistical Service of Cyprus (2015), Nicosia District has 12 municipalities and 162 communities. Municipalities are written with bold.
- Agia Eirini
- Agia Marina
- Agia Marina (Skylloura)
- Agia Varvara
- Agioi Iliofotoi
- Agioi Trimithias
- Agios Dometios
- Agios Epifanios Oreinis
- Agios Epifanios Soleas
- Agios Georgios
- Agios Georgios Lefkas
- Agios Ioannis (Selemani)
- Agios Ioannis Malountas
- Agios Nikolaos Lefkas
- Agios Sozomenos
- Agios Theodoros, Nicosia
- Agios Theodoros Tilliria
- Agios Vasileios
- Dyo Potamoi
- Kalo Chorio Kapouti
- Kalo Chorio Oreinis
- Kalo Chorio Soleas
- Kato Deftera
- Kato Koutrafas
- Kato Moni
- Kato Pyrgos
- Kato Zodeia
- Kourou Monastiri
- Mia Milia
- Neo Chorio
- Palaichori Morphou
- Palaichori Oreinis
- Pano Deftera
- Pano Koutrafas
- Pano Pyrgos
- Pano Zodeia
- Pera Chorio
- Petra tou Digeni
- Selladi tou Appi
- KKTC 2011 Nüfus ve Konut Sayımı [TRNC 2011 Population and Housing Census] (PDF), TRNC State Planning Organization, 6 August 2013
- L’ Ile de Chypre. Sa Situation Presente et ses Souvenirs du Moyen Age, by Louis de Mas Latrie, pub. Firmin-Didot et Cie, Paris. 1879; map and pp. 148-151
- History of Cyprus, by George Hill, Cambridge University Press, 1952, vol IV, p.7
- Our Home in Cyprus, by Mrs. Scott-Stevenson, publ. Chapman and Hall Ltd, London, 1880; p. 73
- Report by Her Majesty's High Commissioner for the Year 1879, Accounts and papers. Great Britain. Parliament. Session 1880. publ. by House of Commons, London, 2006
- Census of Cyprus 1881, pr. Eyre and Spottiswoode, London, 1884
- "Census of Cyprus 2011". Archived from the original on 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2018-08-01.
- Census organised by the Turkish Cypriots in the occupied area http://www.devplan.org/Nufus-2011/nufus%20ikinci_.pdf retrieved October 2013
- "Statistical Codes of Municipalities, Communities and Quarters of Cyprus per the Statistical Service of Cyprus, 2015". Statistical Service of Cyprus. Archived from the original on 2018-08-04. Retrieved 2018-08-04.