Nicolae Calimachi-Catargiu

Nicolae Callimachi-Catargiu (February 24, 1830 – November 9, 1882) was a conservative Romanian politician who served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs in two terms from November 28, 1869 to February 1, 1870 and December 18, 1870 until March 11, 1871, and as a Romanian envoy to London and Paris.[1]

Nicolae Callimachi-Catargiu
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
November 28, 1869 – February 1, 1870
MonarchCarol I of Romania
Preceded byDimitrie Ghica
Succeeded byAlexandru G. Golescu
In office
December 18, 1870 – March 11, 1871
Preceded byPetre P. Carp
Succeeded byGheorghe Costa-Foru
Personal details
Born(1830-02-24)February 24, 1830
Iaşi, Principality of Moldavia
DiedNovember 9, 1882(1882-11-09) (aged 52)
Paris, France

BiographyEdit

FamilyEdit

His father was the logothete Ștefan Catargiu, a member of the Three-headed Kaymakam from the Principality of Moldavia (1857 - October 20, 1858), and his mother was Ruxandra Calimachi, who insisted that he bear the name of the great family from which she came.[2]

He had three brothers, Alexandru Catargiu, and from his mother's second marriage Alecu Ruset-Rosnovanu, Adela Rosetti-Rosnovanu and Gheorghe Rosnovanu (1834-1904).

EducationEdit

He studied in Iași and, since 1857, in Paris. He was elected an MP in the Constituent Assembly in 1866, in which, along with other personalities such as Constantin Grădișteanu, Nicolae Gr. Racoviță, Aristid Pascal opposed to the draft of the Constitution issued by the government, which concerned individual rights and freedoms.[2] From 1876 he became a member of the Junimea society and entered politics, being twice appointed as a Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Dimitrie Ghica cabinet (November 28, 1869-27 January 1870) and in the Third Ion Ghica cabinet (December 18, 1870-11 March 1871).[2]

DiplomatEdit

In 1875 he was sent as an agent of Romania to Paris (1875-1876; 1877-1880) and held this position until 1880, when he was appointed the Plenipotentiary Minister in London, presenting his credentials on July 31, 1880[3]) He ended his mission in London in 1881 (presenting his recall letters on August 10, 1881). The reason for the end of the mission was the irritation of the British government due to the disclosure of some secrets of the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs by M. Callimaki Catargi, materialized by the unauthorized publication of fragments of diplomatic correspondence between Romania and other powers, which harmed Austria's interests revealing[4] the objectives and policy pursued by Brătianu regarding the Danube issue[5]. The publication of diplomatic telegrams by Nicolae Calimachi-Catargiu was followed by an interpellation both in the Romanian Senate and in the Chamber of Deputies, requesting his sending to court according to art. 305 of the Penal Code. The proposal was put to the vote.[6] In the same year he was sent back on a mission to Paris. During this time, he wrote the bilingual work "Appendice au livre vert roumain sur la question du Danube" / "Appendix to the Romanian Green Paper on the Danube Question" (31 pages), which he published in 1881 in Paris[7][8], impr. de Chaix, under the signature of N. Callimaki-Catargi.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "O panoramǎ bucureşteanǎ de acum un veac". Archived from the original on 2010-07-25. Retrieved 2010-09-22.
  2. ^ a b c "Nicolae Calimachi-Catargiu Biografie, Videoclipuri, Filmulete - FamousWhy.ro", Biografii.famouswhy.ro, retrieved July 9, 2020
  3. ^ "Page 714, Issue 9128, August 9, 1880, Edinburgh Ga...", The Gazette, retrieved July 9, 2020
  4. ^ "Chronicle Of The Week. - from the Tablet Archive", archive.vn, January 27, 2014, retrieved July 9, 2020
  5. ^ "The British view of the Romanian monarchy (a 19th century Wikileak!) …", archive.vn, January 27, 2014, retrieved July 9, 2020
  6. ^ Gazzeta Ufficiale del Regno D’Italia, Num. 302, Roma, Anno 1881 mercoledi 28 dicembre
  7. ^ "Dicționaul contimporanilor de Dimitrie R. Rosseti" (PDF), Upload.wikimedia.org, retrieved July 9, 2020
  8. ^ "Catargiu family (2)", Aristoromania.blogspot.com, retrieved July 9, 2020