|1st Vice President of Namibia|
21 March 2015 – 8 February 2018
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Nangolo Mbumba|
|Minister of Veteran Affairs and Marginalised People|
March 2010 – March 2015
|Preceded by||Ngarikutuke Tjiriange|
|Succeeded by||position abolished|
|Minister of Safety and Security|
8 April 2008 – March 2010
|Preceded by||Peter Tsheehama|
|Succeeded by||Nangolo Mbumba|
|Minister of Agriculture, Water and Forestry|
30 March 2005 – 8 April 2008
|Preceded by||Helmut Angula|
as Minister of Agriculture, Water and Rural Development
|Succeeded by||John Mutorwa|
|Minister of Mines and Energy|
31 August 2002 – 30 March 2005
|Preceded by||Jesaya Nyamu|
|Succeeded by||Erkki Nghimtina|
|Minister of Regional and Local Government and Housing|
August 1996 – 31 August 2002
|Preceded by||Libertina Amathila|
|Succeeded by||Joel Kaapanda|
as Minister of Regional and Local Government and Housing
|Minister of Health and Social Services|
21 March 1990 – August 1996
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Libertina Amathila|
|Born||20 May 1936|
Onayena, Ovamboland, South West Africa
(Now in Namibia)
|Died||19 May 2019 (aged 82)|
|Alma mater||University of Helsinki|
A member of SWAPO, Iyambo was a member of the Cabinet of Namibia since independence in March 1990. He was the Minister of Health and Social Services from 1990 to 1996, Minister of Regional and Local Government and Housing from 1996 to 2002, Minister of Mines and Energy from 2002 to 2005, Minister of Agriculture, Water and Forestry from 2005 to 2008, Minister of Safety and Security from 2008 to 2010, and Minister of Veterans' Affairs since 2010. He assumed the newly created Vice President position in 2015 and served until 2018, when he retired due to poor health. He continued to head the Ministry of Veterans' Affairs until his death.
Early life and educationEdit
Iyambo was born in Onayena, Ovamboland, South West Africa, now in Oshikoto Region of northern Namibia. He went to a school that had been founded by Finnish missionaries near to his home, and having completed the school, we was given a job as Namibia's first Black postmaster from 1962 to 1963. However, having become a SWAPO member in 1960, he fled into exile with SWAPO in 1964, travelling on foot to Angola, continuing on to Zambia and Tanzania. He was amongst the earliest SWAPO members to go into exile and helped establish SWAPO's close relationship with Julius Nyerere's Tanzania.
At the time, Ylioppilaiden kansainvälinen apu (YKA, ‘Students’ International Relief’) was looking for projects it could fund, and its executive director Martti Ahtisaari was informed from Tanzania of Iyambo, and YKA offered a scholarship to him. In late 1965, Iyambo arrived in Finland, and he found living quarters at Domus Academica, the student housing unit of the Student Union of the University of Helsinki, where he shared a room with future politician and Governor of the Bank of Finland Erkki Liikanen. Iyambo began his studies with the Finnish language, and at the same time, he participated in the students’ social life, through which he became friends with many Finns and helped to raise their level of knowledge of African affairs, which was becoming increasingly interesting for Finns in the 1960s. On the other hand, Iyambo himself now became familiar with the Finnish welfare state and how politics worked in a democracy.
Iyambo first studied political science in Helsinki, attaining first the intermediary degree of bachelor of political science and then a master's degree in 1970, after which he studied medicine, attaining first the title of bachelor of medicine, and in 1980, the degree of licenciate of medicine, qualifying him to work as a medical doctor. During his time studying at the University of Helsinki, Iyambo was an active member of the Student Union, and at the same time, during the early years of his studies, in 1966–71, Iyambo represented SWAPO in Finland and the Nordic countries.
After Iyambo completed his medical studies, he moved to Angola and became the head of medical services in the Kwanza Sul refugee camp. Around the time of the independence of Namibia, Iyambo was among the first people in SWAPO leadership to arrive back in Namibia to prepare the country for elections as well as receiving the exiled fellow countrymen. Not insignificant was the fact that the process of moving towards independence was led by his old acquaintance Martti Ahtisaari.
At independence in March 1990, Iyambo became Minister of Health and Social Services, serving in that post until 1996. Subsequently, he was Minister of Regional and Local Government and Housing from 1996 to 2002, Minister of Mines and Energy from 2002 to 2005, and Minister of Agriculture, Water and Forestry from 2005 to 2008. He was moved to the post of Minister of Safety and Security on 8 April 2008. After two years in that post, he was instead appointed as Minister of Veterans' Affairs in President Hifikepunye Pohamba's second Cabinet, serving in that post from 2010 to 2015. He was SWAPO's oldest Member of Parliament as of 2014.
Alongside President Hage Geingob, Iyambo was sworn in as Vice President of Namibia on 21 March 2015, becoming the first person to hold that title. As Vice President, he continued to head the Ministry of Veterans Affairs with two deputy ministers: Alexia Manombe-Ncube and Royal ǀUiǀoǀoo.
Speaking in April 2016, Geingob and Iyambo dismissed suggestions that Iyambo had been relegated to a largely ceremonial role. Iyambo explained that he had a full agenda of work that kept him busy until midnight every day.
In February 2018 Hage Geingob removed him from the position of vice president on the ground of poor health, and appointed Nangolo Mbumba as his successor. Iyambo retained the ministerial portfolio of Veteran Affairs and Marginalised People, and also kept his seat in parliament.
In the early morning of 19 May 2019, Namibian President Hage Geingob announced the passing of Iyambo who died at his Windhoek residency following a long illness, a day before his 83rd birthday. As an acknowledgment of his position and his achievements, Iyambo was granted a state funeral in Namibia.
Awards and honoursEdit
- 2011: On 18 March 2011 President of Finland Tarja Halonen conferred Iyambo the rank of Commander, First Class, of the Order of the Lion of Finland.
- Kalliokoski, Seppo (2019-06-08). "Nickey Iyambo 1936–2019" [‘’]. Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). Helsinki: Sanoma. p. C 22. Retrieved 2019-06-14. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Nickey Iyambo toi Afrikan vapautusliikkeet suomalaisten asialistalle". Ulkoasiainministeriö. Retrieved 2015-09-18. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Suomen Lääkärit 1992, Suomen Lääkäriliitto, Helsinki, Finland
- Christof Maletsky, "Pohamba reshuffles Cabinet", The Namibian, 9 April 2008.
- Shinovene Immanuel, "A country for old men", The Namibian, 7 March 2014.
- Shinovene Immanuel and Theresia Tjihenuna, "Emotional transition", The Namibian, 23 March 2015.
- "The Vice President". MOVA.gov.na. Archived from the original on 28 September 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Elvis Muraranganda, "Geingob defends vice-president's role" Archived 2017-03-12 at the Wayback Machine, New Era, 19 April 2016.
- Matthys, Donald (8 February 2018). "President reshuffles Cabinet—Vice President relieved of duties". Namibia Economist.
- https://twitter.com/hagegeingob/status/1130009322564587521 | Hage G. Geingob on Twitter: "I announce with sadness the passing of my comrade, former Vice President, Cde Nickey Iyambo. He leaves behind a rich legacy of loyal service to the Namibian people. The nation has lost a freedom fighter and a leader with deep humane values. Condolences to his wife and family ." / Twitter
- "Ministeri Nickey Iyambolle myönnettiin Suomen Leijonan ritarikunnan 1. luokan komentajamerkki". Embassy of Finland in Windhoek. 13 April 2011.
- "Namibians honoured by President". New Era. 28 August 2014.