Niceforonia

Niceforonia is a genus of frogs in the family Craugastoridae found in northern South America (from central Peru to Ecuador and Colombia).[2][3] The name refers to Nicéforo María, Colombian herpetologist.[3]

Niceforonia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Craugastoridae
Subfamily: Holoadeninae
Genus: Niceforonia
Goin and Cochran, 1963
Type species
Niceforonia nana
Goin and Cochran, 1963
Diversity
See text)
Synonyms[1]
  • Isodactylus Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008
  • Hypodactylus Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008

TaxonomyEdit

the genus Niceforonia was resurrected from the synonymy of Phrynopus by Hedges and colleagues in 2008.[2][3] No genetic data exist, and Hedges et al. placed it provisionally in the subfamily Strabomantinae along with the genera Phrynopus, Oreobates, and Lynchius with which it shares a synapomorphy.[3] Based on genetic data from these three genera, Padial and colleagues moved them all into the subfamily Holoadeninae in 2014.[4]

SpeciesEdit

The following species are recognised in the genus Niceforonia:[2]

DescriptionEdit

Species of the genus Niceforonia are small frogs measuring up to 21 mm (0.83 in) in snout–vent length. The head is narrower than the body and the tympanic membrane is differentiated, but in some species only the tympanic annulus is visible under skin. The dorsum is smooth to weakly tuberculate, whereas the venter is smooth or areolate.[3] The terminal discs on digits are not expanded but usually bear weak circumferential grooves. The terminal phalanges are narrow and T-shaped. Toes III and V are about equal in length (the origin of the name Isodactylus).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2017). "Hypodactylus Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Niceforonia Goin and Cochran, 1963". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e Hedges, S. B.; Duellman, W. E. & Heinicke, M. P. (2008). "New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): Molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1737: 1–182.
  4. ^ Padial, J. M.; Grant, T.; Frost, D. R. (2014). "Molecular systematics of terraranas (Anura: Brachycephaloidea) with an assessment of the effects of alignment and optimality criteria". Zootaxa. 3825: 1–132. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3825.1.1. PMID 24989881.