New Turkey Party (1961)

New Turkey Party (Turkish: Yeni Türkiye Partisi, YTP) was a former Turkish political party.

New Turkey Party
AbbreviationYTP
FounderEkrem Alican
Founded13 February 1961
Dissolved10 March 1973
Preceded byDemocrat Party
Liberty Party
Succeeded byJustice Party
IdeologyLiberal conservatism
Political positionCentre-right

BackgroundEdit

Democrat Party which was the ruling party of Turkey between 1950 and 1960 was closed by the military rule in 1960. In 1961, a number of new parties were founded to fill the political gap of Democrat Party. New Turkey Party was one of them.

Foundation of the partyEdit

The founder of the party was Ekrem Alican, a former Democrat Party deputy prior to 1957 .[1] He had also worked for the military rule as a Minister of Finance. The party was founded on 13 February 1961. Other important figures in the party were Yüksel Menderes (Adnan Menderes' son), Aydın Yalçın (academician), Fahrettin Kerim Gökay (former İstanbul mayor) and Yusuf Azizoğlu, (MD and former Silvan mayor).[2]

Political historyEdit

In the elections held on 15 October 1961 the party received 13.7% of all votes and gained 65 seats in the lower house of the parliament. It was the third party in terms of the seats and fourth party in terms of the votes. The party participated in the 27th government of Turkey (also known as the second coalition government) in which Ekrem Alican was the deputy prime minister between 25 January 1962 and 25 December 1963.[3] In the elections held on 10 October 1965 YTP received only 3.7% of votes and gained 19 seats. In the elections held on 12 October 1969, the vote percentage of votes further dropped to 2.2%.[4]

ConclusionEdit

In 1973 the party ceased to exist, and the remaining members transferred to other parties notably to Justice Party.

ReferencesEdit