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New Haven-style pizza

New Haven-style pizza, locally known as apizza (/əˈbts(ə)/,[1][2] from Neapolitan ’a pizza (IPA: [ə ˈpit͡s(ə)]) "the pizza"), is a style of thin-crust, coal-fired Neapolitan pizza common in and around New Haven, Connecticut. It originated at the Frank Pepe Pizzeria Napoletana[3] and is now served in many other pizza restaurants in the area, most notably Sally's Apizza and Modern Apizza.[4] This geographically limited pizza style has been favorably referenced by national critics.[5][6][7]

New Haven-style pizza
Frank pepe clam pie.jpg
White clam pie from Pepe's in New Haven, Connecticut
Alternative namesApizza
TypePizza
Place of originUnited States
Region or stateNew Haven, Connecticut
Created byFrank Pepe Pizzeria Napoletana
Main ingredientsPizza dough, tomato sauce, pecorino romano
A mozzarella pie with pepperoni from Sally's Apizza

CharacteristicsEdit

In a New Haven-style pizzeria, a "plain" pizza is crust, oregano, and tomato sauce with a little bit of grated pecorino romano cheese sprinkled on and does not include Mozzarella. A "plain" New Haven style pizza may also be called a "tomato pie".[8] Mozzarella is considered to be a topping; a customer who wants it must ask for it.

Pepe invented the "white clam pie." Pepe's restaurant served littleneck clams on the half shell at the bar, which he later added to the pizza.[9][10] The white clam pie is crust, olive oil, oregano, grated cheese, chopped garlic, and fresh littleneck clams.

What makes New Haven style pizza distinct is its thin, oblong crust, characteristic charring, chewy texture, and limited use of melting cheeses. It tends to be drier and thinner than, but closely related to, traditional New York style pizza. Both styles in turn are close descendants of the original Neapolitan style.

Cooking and serving methodsEdit

New Haven-style pizza is traditionally baked in a coal-fired oven[4] at extremely hot temperatures in excess of 650 °F (343 °C). It is sold whole rather than by the slice.

AvailabilityEdit

Although most commonly available in the New Haven area, New Haven-style pizza has begun to spread to other parts of the United States. It has been available in the Italian-American areas of Bridgeport, and other shoreline communities for many years; Frank Pepe’s also claims a location in the Italian-heavy New York area (Yonkers). New Haven style has penetrated areas typically not known for large Italian-American populations, including towns in northern and central Connecticut, as well as other cities across the United States.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaretsky, Mark (December 6, 2014). "Zuppardi's Apizza in West Haven celebrates 80 years". New Haven Register. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
  2. ^ Lehman, Eric D. (2015). Insiders’ Guide to Connecticut. Guilford, Connecticut: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-4930-1284-8.
  3. ^ "Pizza". American Eats. June 29, 2006. History Channel.
  4. ^ a b Levine, Ed (2011). Serious Eats: A Comprehensive Guide to Making & Eating Delicious Food Wherever You Are. Random House Digital, Inc. pp. 99–100. ISBN 030772087X. Retrieved November 2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  5. ^ Richman, Alan (June 2009). "American Pie". GQ Magazine. Conde Nast. Retrieved June 21, 2009. Sally's is ranked six, while Pepe's is ranked twelve, out of 25 restaurants nationally.
  6. ^ Levine, Ed; Steingarten, Jeffrey (2005). Pizza: A Slice of Heaven. New York, New York: Universe Publishing. p. 24. ISBN 0-7893-1205-0. In my experience, the perfect Neapolitan-American pizzas are made in New York City and in New Haven, Connecticut, at the towering Frank Pepe's Pizzeria and Sally's Apizza.
  7. ^ "New Haven Pizza Named Best In America". CBS New York. October 22, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
  8. ^ "Apizza, Tomato Pie". Eat Your World.
  9. ^ Pollack, Penny; Ruby, Jeff (2005). Everybody Loves Pizza: The Deep Dish on America's Favorite Food. Clerisy Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-57860-218-6.
  10. ^ "The 13 Most Influential Pizzas of All Time". Time.

Further readingEdit