New Empire Theatre
The New Empire Theatre was built in 1896 by theatre impresario Frederick Marlow. He had owned the public hall previously on the site, and converted it to The Empire Theatre in 1892. A fire on Boxing Day 1895 destroyed the building. Marlow took it upon himself to rebuild a bigger, better theatre, with five floors and electric lighting.
The theatre was the first of its kind in Southend, and was called "the prettiest theatre outside of London" by local press at its opening in 1896. Marlow presented a varied programme of musicals, opera, concerts, plays, variety and music hall. He remained at the theatre until 1905 when it was taken over by the Southend-on-Sea Theatre Company Ltd. The following fourteen years the theatre was run on a leasehold basis by various people, including Albert Marchinsky, an illusionist known as "The Great Rameses", a successful magician and music hall entertainer who spent some time pursuing theatre management as a career.
By 1919, the advent of moving pictures had brought about many changes in Southend, and the theatre closed its doors, making way for an enlarged and magnificent cinema, The Rivoli. From 1921 to 1962, the Rivoli thrived as a cinema, in 1929 installing sound equipment to facilitate the talking pictures. In 1962, the Rivoli was taken over by the ABC chain and underwent further refurbishment, including the addition of a Marine Bar underground, making use of the old Empire passageways. The cinema continued for another 20 years, and in 1982 was twinned to create a second, smaller cinema at the old Rivoli Mezzanine level.
By 1998, a new wave of multiplex cinemas had emerged to reverse the long decline in cinema attendances, and one of many traditional cinemas in Southend to close over a long period was the ABC. In February 1998, it showed its last film, and the venue was once again closed.
On 26 July 2015, the 120-year-old theatre was devastated, following an arson attack. The fire had destroyed the theatre's much-admired first floor amphitheatre. According to a spokesman for the Essex Fire service, "the building suffered extensive damage and the roof has collapsed, largely destroying the first floor auditorium." People who bought tickets for recent shows received a refund.
After the theatre was bought by an unidentified Hong Kong company in August 2016, the company decided to demolish the theatre. Demolition work began in March 2017.
- "New Empire Theatre - The Theatres Trust". www.theatrestrust.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-12.
- "Spooky Locations, New Empire Theatre, Empire Theatre, Southend, Essex, Ghost Hunt, Ghost Investigation, Haunted Location". www.spookylocations.com. Retrieved 2017-05-12.
- "Cinema demolition is finally underway". Southend Standard. Retrieved 2017-05-12.