NewDos/80 is a third-party operating system for the Radio Shack TRS-80 line of microcomputers released in 1980. NewDos/80 was developed by Apparat, Inc. of Denver, Colorado. NewDos/80 version 2.0 was released in August 1981. It ran on the TRS-80 Model I and Model III.

NewDos/80
DeveloperApparat, Inc.
OS familyDOS
Working stateHistoric
Source modelClosed source
Initial release1980; 42 years ago (1980)
Available inEnglish
PlatformsTRS-80
Kernel typeMonolithic
Default
user interface
Command-line interface

OverviewEdit

The operating system had additional commands and features that were not available in TRSDOS, the native operating system for TRS-80 computers. NewDos/80 allowed TRS-80 computers to take advantage of advances in floppy disk storage that went beyond the initial 87.5KB 35-track, single-density, single-sided format.[1] The system also corrected issues that early versions of TRSDOS had with arbitrarily losing data due to errors in how it communicated with the contemporary TRS-80 disk drives' 1771 disk controller.

NewDos/80 had many options for specifying specific low-level disk configurations. Settings such as diskette formats, disk drive types, track geometry and controllers could be configured using the PDRIVE command.[1] In version 2.1, Apparat added support for hard disk drives via an external bus adapter.

NewDos/80 was written by Cliff Ide and Jason Matthews. Ide was the primary author of NewDos in all of its incarnations, Matthews wrote "patches" for various applications such as Scripsit and VisiCalc. Ive later retired and Matthews went on to other projects in the software business.

CommandsEdit

The following is a list of NewDos/80 commands:[2]

NewDos/80 commands and counterparts in other operating systems
Command MS-DOS, OS/2, Windows UNIX, Unix-like
APPEND type file1 >> file2 cat file >> file2
ATTRIB attrib chmod
AUTO AUTOEXEC.BAT ~/.profile or ~/.login or /etc/rc*
BASIC2
BLINK
BOOT
BREAK
CHAIN
CHNON
CLEAR
CLOCK prompt $t * in some shells: PS1="...\t..." *
CLS cls clear
COPY copy cp
CREATE
DATE date date
DEBUG debug
DIR dir ls
DO
DUMP
ERROR
FORMAT format mkfs
FORMS
FREE chkdsk df
HIMEM
JKL
KILL del rm
LC
LCDVR
LIB
LIST type cat
LOAD program program program
MDBORT
MDRET
PAUSE pause
PDRIVE
PRINT type file > prn lpr
PROT attrib chmod
PURGE
R
RENAME ren or rename mv
ROUTE
SETCOM
STMT echo echo
PDRIVE
SYSTEM
TIME time
VERIFY
WRDIRP

ReceptionEdit

While criticizing NEWDOS's "nearly incomprehensible documentation", Jerry Pournelle wrote in 1980 that it was "a much better operating system" than the "needlessly complex" TRSDOS and stated that "Tandy ought to be marketing NEWDOS+ themselves".[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b System 80 Archive Site - NewDos/80, version 2.0 and the JV1 Disk Image format, classic-computers.org.nz
  2. ^ "The TRS-80 Home Page - NewDos80 Command Summary". cpmarchives.classiccmp.org. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  3. ^ Pournelle, Jerry (July 1980). "Omikron TRS-80 Boards, NEWDOS+, and Sundry Other Matters". BYTE. p. 198. Retrieved October 18, 2013.

External linksEdit