Neoplan

Neoplan Bus GmbH is a German automotive company that manufactures buses, trolleybuses and coaches. It is a subsidiary of MAN Truck & Bus SE.

Neoplan Bus GmbH
TypePrivate company with limited liabilityGmbH[1]
IndustryAutomotive
Founded1 July 1935[2][3]
FounderGottlob Auwärter[2]
HeadquartersStuttgart, Germany[2]
Key people
Joachim Reinmuth,Chairman of the Board of Management
former designers: Albrecht Auwärter, Bob Lee, Konrad Auwärter
ProductsBuses
Coaches
Trolleybuses[4]
Number of employees
1,300
ParentMAN Truck & Bus SE
Websiteneoplan-bus.com

HistoryEdit

FoundationsEdit

 
Neoplan Skyliner in February 2006
 
Neoplan Airliner at Dubai International Airport

The company was founded by Gottlob Auwärter in Stuttgart in 1935, and manufactured bodywork for bus and truck chassis. By 1953, the company had moved away from manufacturing buses on truck chassis, to a partial monocoque design with a steel tube skeleton, providing the structural support, enhanced by welded side panels.[5][6] The engine was moved to the rear. In 1957, air suspension was made available.

1960sEdit

In 1961, a new bus design, the Typ Hamburg, was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show. Developed by the founder's eldest son, Albrecht Auwärter, and another student, Swiss national Bob Lee, as part of their dissertation at Hamburg University. The design was the first bus to allow passengers to regulate their fresh air supply through a nozzle from two air ducts, commonly seen in contemporary designs, as well as offering air suspension.[7][8]

Both Albrecht and Lee joined Neoplan after graduating from the university. Albrecht took over management of the company in 1965, and Bob Lee later became head of Engineering and Design.

In 1964, the founder's second son, Konrad Auwärter, developed a double-deck bus design for a service bus as part of his dissertation.[7] The 'Do-Bus' design had low weight, and could carry over 100 passengers. It also featured a low-frame front axle with forward-mounted steering gear that permitted a low flat floor. The double-deck principle was applied to the coach design, creating a high-capacity comfortable touring vehicle. This vehicle was known as the Skyliner.

1970-80sEdit

In 1971, the Cityliner was introduced to the public. This design had a passenger platform above the driver's cab, and included an onboard toilet. The vehicle also made use of glass-fibre reinforced plastic for certain areas of the body; this was the first instance when this technique was used.

A second manufacturing facility opened in Pilsting in 1973, and a third opened in Kumasi, Ghana in December 1974 to support increasing orders.

Several more plants were added in the 1980s, including two in the United States. The United States plants were later spun off into a separate, and now defunct, independent company (Neoplan USA) that used the Neoplan name under licence.

1990s-2000sEdit

Further manufacturing facilities were opened during the 1990s and 2000s.

The Starliner was introduced in 1996, and would go on to win the Bus of the Year award for two consecutive years – in 1998 and 1999.

In 1999 the company unveiled a prototype fuel cell bus.[6]

In 2001, Neoplan, or correctly, "Gottlob Auwärter GmbH & Co KG" was acquired by MAN AG subsidiary MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG to form Neoman Bus GmbH.[6] The Starliner won the Bus of the Year award for two more consecutive years in 2001 and 2002.

In 2007, a new Auwärter Museum was opened in Landau an der Isar.

On 1 February 2008, Neoman Bus GmbH was fully integrated into the bus division of the larger MAN Nutzfahrzeuge Group, and ceased to exist in its own right. Neoplan and MAN Truck & Bus began operating as two separate but integrated marques of MAN Nutzfahrzeuge Group.

AccidentsEdit

On 28 May 2008, in Japan one of two Neoplan Megaliners operated by West JR Bus Company caught fire while in service, and burnt down completely. No passengers were injured. The company resumed operations with its second Megaliner in July 2008.[9]

On 16 March 2009, in Japan one of two Megaliners operated by JR Kanto Bus Company caught fire on an overnight Seishun Mega-Dream Go service between Osaka and Tokyo. The 77 passengers and driver evacuated safely before the coach was completely destroyed.[10] Following this accident, both operators suspended operations of the remaining two Megaliners in Japan.

ProductsEdit

BusesEdit

Discontinued modelsEdit

  • Typ Hamburg (1961)
  • Megaliner
  • Jumbocruiser
  • Cityliner (1971)
  • Jetliner (1973)
  • Spaceliner
  • Skyliner 67 (1965)
  • Metroliner
  • Starliner C/L
  • Transliner
  • Trendliner
  • Euroliner
  • Megashuttle

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The strategy of the Neoplan VIP Class brand". MAN Nutzfahrzeuge Group. NEOPLAN.de. Retrieved 24 November 2009.
  2. ^ a b c "Locations – The plants of NEOPLAN Bus GmbH". MAN Nutzfahrzeuge Group. NEOPLAN.de. Retrieved 24 November 2009.
  3. ^ "Milestones – History from 1935 to 1953". MAN Nutzfahrzeuge Group. NEOPLAN.de. Archived from the original on 14 May 2008. Retrieved 24 November 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d "NEOPLAN overview" (PDF). MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG. NEOPLAN.de. 1007. Retrieved 29 November 2009.[dead link]
  5. ^ Weiers, B. (1982). Transit Bus Manufacturer Profiles: Project Memorandum. Urban Mass Transportation Administration, Office of Bus and Paratransit Systems.
  6. ^ a b c Behling, Noriko Hikosaka (2013). Fuel Cells: Current Technology Challenges and Future Research Needs. Newnes. ISBN 978-0-444-56325-5.
  7. ^ a b Pilz, Hans-Joachim; Schneider, Andreas (10 June 2020). Auwärter NEOPLAN Omnibusse (in German). Podszun GmbH. ISBN 978-3-86133-962-5.
  8. ^ Kraus, Wolfgang; Eckermann, Erik (23 April 2015). Nutzfahrzeuge Gestern - Heute - Morgen: Automobil Kolloquium 2013 Dokumentation (in German). BoD – Books on Demand. ISBN 978-3-7347-8786-7.
  9. ^ West JR Bus Co press release (17 July 2008) Archived 25 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 17 March 2009. (in Japanese)
  10. ^ Asahi Shimbun: Tour bus catches fire on expressway (17 March 2009). Retrieved on 17 March 2009. (in Japanese)[dead link]
  11. ^ "NEOPLAN Centroliner" (PDF). MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG. NEOPLAN.de. 0907. Retrieved 30 November 2009.[dead link]
  12. ^ "NEOPLAN Electroliner" (PDF). MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG. NEOPLAN.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 December 2006. Retrieved 30 November 2009.
  13. ^ "NEOPLAN Airliner" (PDF). MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG. NEOPLAN.de. September 2007. Retrieved 30 November 2009.[dead link]

External linksEdit