Neohygrocybe is a genus of agaric fungi in the family Hygrophoraceae. Neohygrocybe species belong to a group known as waxcaps in English, sometimes also waxy caps in North America or waxgills in New Zealand. In Europe, Neohygrocybe species are typical of waxcap grasslands, a declining habitat due to changing agricultural practices. As a result, three species, Neohygrocybe ingrata,[1] Neohygrocybe nitrata,[2] and Neohygrocybe ovina,[3] are of global conservation concern and are listed as "vulnerable" on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Neohygrocybe ovina, Norway
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Hygrophoraceae
Genus: Neohygrocybe
Herink (1958)
Type species
Neohygrocybe ovina
(Bull.) Herink (1958)

Neohygrocybe griseonigra
Neohygrocybe ingrata
Neohygrocybe innata
Neohygrocybe lawsonensis
Neohygrocybe nitrata
Neohygrocybe pseudoingrata
Neohygrocybe squarrosa
Neohygrocybe subovina



The genus was described by Czech mycologist Josef Herink in 1958.[4] It was formerly synonymized with Hygrocybe by many authorities,[5] but recent molecular research, based on cladistic analysis of DNA sequences, indicates that Neohygrocybe is monophyletic and forms a natural group distinct from Hygrocybe sensu stricto.[6][7]

Habitat and Distribution


In Europe, Neohygrocybe species are typically found in agriculturally unimproved, short-sward grasslands (including pastures and lawns).[5] Elsewhere, they are most frequently found in woodland. The genus is cosmopolitan.


  1. ^ "Hygrocybe ingrata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species".
  2. ^ "Neohygrocybe nitrata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species".
  3. ^ "Hygrocybe ovina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species".
  4. ^ Herink J. (1958). "Stavnatkovité houby parhorku "Velká Horka" u Mnichova Hradiste". Sborník Severoceského Musea (in Czech). 1: 53–86.
  5. ^ a b Boertmann D. (2010). The genus Hygrocybe (2nd ed.). Copenhagen: Danish Mycological Society. p. 200. ISBN 978-87-983581-7-6.
  6. ^ Lodge DJ, Padamsee M, Matheny PB, Aime MC, Cantrell SA, Boertmann D, et al. (2014). "Molecular phylogeny, morphology, pigment chemistry and ecology in Hygrophoraceae (Agaricales)". Fungal Diversity. 64 (1): 1–99. doi:10.1007/s13225-013-0259-0. hdl:2318/136089. S2CID 220615978.
  7. ^ Fuljer F, Zajac M, Boertmann D, Szabóová D, Kautmanová I. (2022). "Neohygrocybe pseudoingrata, a new grassland species from Slovakia and the Czech Republic". Fungal Syst Evol. 9: 11–17. doi:10.3114/fuse.2022.09.02. PMC 9355102. PMID 35978984.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)