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Neftchala District (Azerbaijani: Neftçala rayonu) is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the south-east of the country and belongs to the Aran Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Jalilabad, Bilasuvar, Salyan, Lankaran, and Masally. Its capital and largest city is Neftchala. As of 2020, the district had a population of 88,900.
Map of Azerbaijan showing Neftchala District
|Established||11 February 1940|
|• Total||1,450 km2 (560 sq mi)|
|• Density||61/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+4 (AZT)|
The Neftchala District was formed as a district in the composition of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic on February 11, 1940. Until this time it was located in the area of modern Salyan District, and during that year it became part of the Khilly region, organized in January 24, 1939. As Neftchala was an exceptionally industrial region, it was liquidated in December 1959 and unified with the Salyan region. However, after 4 years it was split off from the Salyan District again and became a separate industrial zone. But it was felt that this mixed system for control did not justify itself, and once again Neftchala region was liquidated in 1965 and became part of the Salyan. The region was finally made separate again after 7 years on April 27, 1973.
There is one city (Neftchala), 48 villages, and 3 settlements (Banke, Khylly, and Hasanabad) in the district. Neftchala district is bordered with Masally, Salyan, Jelilabad, Bilesuvar, and Lankaran.
The total area of the district is 1,451 km 2. 825 km 2 of this territory is productive lands. Agricultural lands cover 390 km 2 of the territory. Cattle – breeding pastures occupy 355 km 2 area, while the total area of planted lands is 470 km 2. Fruit gardens and saline lands cover 5 km 2 and 13 km 2 areas respectively.
|Towns and regions||Total||including:||Urban places||including:||Rural places||including:|
Geography and climateEdit
The territory of the district is mainly lowland. The district is situated 22 meters lower than sea level. Shirvan and Mugan Lowlands covers the south-east of the district. The river Kura flows into the Caspian Sea in Neftchala district. There are mud volcanos that occupy the area from Baligchi to Gizilagaj bay. There are several underwater plains in the coastal area of the Neftchala district. They are Karagedov, Kalmichkov, Kur, Borisov, Kornilov-Pavlov, Plita, Pogorelaya, and Golovachev. There is a lake named Duzdag, which is situated between Babazanan and Durovdag peaks, on the border of the Salyan district.
The district has a semi-desert and warm climate. The average temperature is 3C in January and 25-36 C in July.
Flora and faunaEdit
Lands of the district are divided as grey-meadow, alluvial meadow, and swampy meadow. There are saline soils as well. Vegetation in the district is semi-desert and desert type. There can be found Tugay forests.
Khazar is an automobile factory belonging to Azermash Company located in Neftchala, Azerbaijan.
Agriculture, fishing, oil, and gas are the cores of the district economy.
|Total area of agricultural crops (ha)|
|of which wheat||9,903||8,556||3,879||5,212||4,620||5,814|
|Fruits and berries||581||583||584||586||588||589|
|Production of main agricultural products (ton)|
|of which wheat||25,171||22,138||10,738||11,988||15,246||16,408|
|Fruits and berries||2,407||2,463||2,476||2,486||2,374||2,288|
|Productivity of agricultural products (centner/ha)|
|of which wheat||25.4||25.9||27.7||23.0||33.0||28.2|
|Fruits and berries||52.7||53.1||53.8||53.9||51.5||49.7|
|Number of livestock|
|of which cow and buffalo||19,495||20,236||20,677||20,869||21,062||21,173|
|Sheep and goats||116,026||125,096||128,940||130,385||132,983||139,323|
|Production of livestock products (ton)|
|Eggs (in thousand)||3,730||4,016||4,205||4,267||6,100||7,385|
|Wool (in physical weight)||190||236||253||254||262||268|
There are 17 municipalities in the district which consist of 163 members. Neftchala municipality has 15 members, Khylly municipality has 9, Hasanabad municipality has 11, and other village municipalities have 128 members. The municipalities of Neftchala district are situated in the city, with two settlements, and 14 villages.
The court was established on 20 April 1974. The initial name of the court was Neftchala District People's Court. Its name was changed to Neftchala District Court in 2000.
- Khalil Rza Uluturk, writer
- "İnzibati-ərazi vahidləri" (PDF). preslib.az. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
- "Population of Azerbaijan". stat.gov.az. State Statistics Committee. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
- Zonn, Igor; Kosarev, Aleksey; Glantz, Michael; Kostianoy, Andrey (2010). The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia. Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media. p. 305. ISBN 3642115241.
- "Azerbaijan". azerbaijan.az. Archived from the original on 2018-09-15. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
- "Population | The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
- "Coğrafi mövqeyi - NEFTÇALA RAYON Icra Hakimiyyəti". www.neftchala-ih.gov.az. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
- "Azərbaycanın regionları | The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
- Unified Judicial Portal. "Neftchala District Court".