Neftchala District

Neftchala District (Azerbaijani: Neftçala rayonu) is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the south-east of the country and belongs to the Aran Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Jalilabad, Bilasuvar, Salyan, Lankaran, and Masally. Its capital and largest city is Neftchala. As of 2020, the district had a population of 88,900.[2]

Neftchala District
Map of Azerbaijan showing Neftchala District
Map of Azerbaijan showing Neftchala District
Country Azerbaijan
RegionAran
Established11 February 1940
CapitalNeftchala
Settlements[1]52
Area
 • Total1,450 km2 (560 sq mi)
Population
 • Total88,900
 • Density61/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
Postal code
4700
Websiteneftchala-ih.gov.az
Mud volcano in Neftchala

HistoryEdit

The Neftchala District was formed as a district in the composition of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic on February 11, 1940. Until this time it was located in the area of modern Salyan District, and during that year it became part of the Khilly region, organized in January 24, 1939. As Neftchala was an exceptionally industrial region, it was liquidated in December 1959 and unified with the Salyan region. However, after 4 years it was split off from the Salyan District again and became a separate industrial zone. But it was felt that this mixed system for control did not justify itself, and once again Neftchala region was liquidated in 1965 and became part of the Salyan. The region was finally made separate again after 7 years on April 27, 1973.

TerritoryEdit

There is one city (Neftchala), 48 villages, and 3 settlements (Banke, Khylly, and Hasanabad) in the district.[3]  Neftchala district is bordered with Masally, Salyan, Jelilabad, Bilesuvar, and Lankaran.[4]

The total area of the district is 1,451 km 2. 825 km 2 of this territory is productive lands. Agricultural lands cover 390 km 2 of the territory. Cattle – breeding pastures occupy 355 km 2 area, while the total area of planted lands is 470 km 2. Fruit gardens and saline lands cover 5 km 2 and 13 km 2 areas respectively.[4]

PopulationEdit

Population by sex, towns and regions, urban settlements of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the beginning of 2018[5]
Towns and regions Total including: Urban places including: Rural places including:
men women men women men women
Neftchala region               87.3 43.3 44.0 40.8 20.2 20.6 46.5 23.1 23.4
Neftchala town 21.8 10.9 10.9 21.8 10.9 10.9 - - -
Banka settlement 7.8 3.9 3.9 7.8 3.9 3.9 - - -
Hasanabad settlement 6.9 3.3 3.6 6.9 3.3 3.6 - - -
Khilli settlement 4.3 2.1 2.2 4.3 2.1 2.2 - - -

Geography and climateEdit

The territory of the district is mainly lowland. The district is situated 22 meters lower than sea level. Shirvan and Mugan Lowlands covers the south-east of the district.[6] The river Kura flows into the Caspian Sea in Neftchala district.[3] There are mud volcanos that occupy the area from Baligchi to Gizilagaj bay. There are several underwater plains in the coastal area of the Neftchala district. They are Karagedov, Kalmichkov, Kur, Borisov, Kornilov-Pavlov, Plita, Pogorelaya, and Golovachev. There is a lake named Duzdag, which is situated between Babazanan and Durovdag peaks, on the border of the Salyan district.[6]

The district has a semi-desert and warm climate. The average temperature is 3C in January and 25-36 C in July.[6]

Flora and faunaEdit

Lands of the district are divided as grey-meadow, alluvial meadow, and swampy meadow. There are saline soils as well. Vegetation in the district is semi-desert and desert type. There can be found Tugay forests.[6]

District's fauna is diverse. The dominant fauna of the Neftchala district includes gazelle, pelican, boar, wolf, wild cat, rabbit and such.[6]

EconomyEdit

Khazar is an automobile factory belonging to Azermash Company located in Neftchala, Azerbaijan.

Agriculture, fishing, oil, and gas are the cores of the district economy.[3]

Statistics of agriculture in Neftchala district[7]
2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total area of agricultural crops (ha)
Cereal crops 39,666 39,820 42,944 45,208 43,778 46,583
of which wheat 9,903 8,556 3,879 5,212 4,620 5,814
Cotton 1,822 1,260 713 557 221 1,541
Potato 90 111 112 113 114 114
Vegetable 121 140 137 134 122 119
Garden plants 38 138 104 126 140 146
Fruits and berries 581 583 584 586 588 589
Grape 8 7 7 7 7 57
Production of main agricultural products (ton)
Cereal crops 100,483 102,261 110,933 86,078 136,588 105,384
of which wheat 25,171 22,138 10,738 11,988 15,246 16,408
Cotton 1,360 1,259 753 768 255 1,978
Potato 1,119 1,333 1,370 1,368 1,402 1,398
Vegetable 1,350 1,705 1,715 1,674 1,527 1,488
Garden plants 340 1,637 1,319 1,610 2,158 2,250
Fruits and berries 2,407 2,463 2,476 2,486 2,374 2,288
Grape 235 247 254 258 302 177
Productivity of agricultural products (centner/ha)
Cereal corps 25.3 25.7 25.8 19.0 31.2 22.6
of which wheat 25.4 25.9 27.7 23.0 33.0 28.2
Cotton 7.5 10.0 10.6 13.8 11.5 12.8
Potato 125 120 122 121 122 123
Vegetable 112 122 125 125 125 125
Garden plants 90 119 127 128 154 154
Fruits and berries 52.7 53.1 53.8 53.9 51.5 49.7
Grape 61.5 44.9 45.1 45.9 85.7 171.4
Number of livestock
Large livestock 40,604 41,512 41,868 42,159 42,428 42,849
of which cow and buffalo 19,495 20,236 20,677 20,869 21,062 21,173
Sheep and goats 116,026 125,096 128,940 130,385 132,983 139,323
Birds 325,103 445,262 675,743 613,856 910,620 1,006,422
Production of livestock products (ton)
Meat 3,158 7,330 7,304 8,590 8,850 8,945
Milk 20,167 22,869 23,734 23,865 24,325 24,415
Eggs (in thousand) 3,730 4,016 4,205 4,267 6,100 7,385
Wool (in physical weight) 190 236 253 254 262 268

MunicipalitiesEdit

There are 17 municipalities in the district which consist of 163 members. Neftchala municipality has 15 members, Khylly municipality has 9, Hasanabad municipality has 11, and other village municipalities have 128 members. The municipalities of Neftchala district are situated in the city, with two settlements, and 14 villages.[4]

CourtEdit

The court was established on 20 April 1974. The initial name of the court was Neftchala District People's Court. Its name was changed to Neftchala District Court in 2000.[8]

Notable nativesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "İnzibati-ərazi vahidləri" (PDF). preslib.az. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Population of Azerbaijan". stat.gov.az. State Statistics Committee. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Zonn, Igor; Kosarev, Aleksey; Glantz, Michael; Kostianoy, Andrey (2010). The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia. Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media. p. 305. ISBN 3642115241.
  4. ^ a b c "Azerbaijan". azerbaijan.az. Archived from the original on 2018-09-15. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  5. ^ "Population | The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Coğrafi mövqeyi - NEFTÇALA RAYON Icra Hakimiyyəti". www.neftchala-ih.gov.az. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  7. ^ "Azərbaycanın regionları | The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  8. ^ Unified Judicial Portal. "Neftchala District Court".

Coordinates: 39°21′N 49°15′E / 39.350°N 49.250°E / 39.350; 49.250