Neche–Gretna Border Crossing

The Neche–Gretna Border Crossing connects the cities of Neche, North Dakota and Gretna, Manitoba on the Canada–United States border. North Dakota Highway 18 on the American side joins Manitoba Highway 30 on the Canadian side. The Alberta Clipper pipeline crosses the border nearby.

Neche–Gretna Border Crossing
Neche ND border station.jpg
US Border Inspection Station at Neche, ND
Location
CountryUnited States; Canada
Location
Coordinates49°00′02″N 97°33′25″W / 49.000571°N 97.556959°W / 49.000571; -97.556959Coordinates: 49°00′02″N 97°33′25″W / 49.000571°N 97.556959°W / 49.000571; -97.556959
Details
Opened1883
US Phone(701) 886-7744
Hours8:00 am – 4:00 pm
Website
US Canadian

FloodingEdit

The surrounding flat and low lying land exposes the location to frequent flooding. The raised road prevents water from encroaching onto the Canadian side, but the US side is not so fortunate.[1] This crossing is frequently closed due to flooding of the Pembina River, most recently in 2009,[2] 2011,[3] 2013,[4] and 2017.[5]

Canadian sideEdit

By 1877, a customs office existed at Smuggler's Point (later called Spencerville), which was estimated to be 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) west of the present crossing. This office closed in 1882.[6] That year, the Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) connected with the St. Paul, Minneapolis, & Manitoba Railway, the forerunner of the Great Northern Railway (GN), at Gretna.[7]

One of the oldest customs offices in the province, Gretna was established in 1883 under the administrative oversight of the Port of Emerson. The earliest activity was highway traffic, but the arrival of the railway changed the principal role.[6] In 1889, Gretna was transferred to the oversight of the Port of Winnipeg. In 1907, the status was upgraded to Port of Gretna.[6] The prior year, the Midland Railway of Manitoba had built a Portage la Prairie–Neche rail line. In 1909, GN acquired this railway, but the line closed in the mid-1920s.[8]

The Gretna border station was built in 1982.[9] A rebuild plan issued in 2017 has yet to be finalized.[1]

In 2020, the former border hours of 8am–10pm reduced, becoming 8am–4pm.[10]

US sideEdit

The Smuggler's Point customs office may have predated the corresponding Canadian one. Up to the 1930s, harvested grain flowed southward via the GN in bond before re-entering Canada.[6] The US border station of Neche, which was built in 1965,[11] was replaced by a new facility in 2012.[12]

In 2020, opening hours reduced, becoming 8am–4pm.[13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Land Border Crossing Project: 47419-187064/A" (PDF). buyandsell.gc.ca.
  2. ^ Bonham, Kevin (30 April 2009). "Neche's U.S.-Canadian border crossing likely closed until at least May 8". Grand Forks Herald. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  3. ^ Bonham, Kevin (20 April 2011). "Pembina River flooding continues". Grand Forks Herald. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  4. ^ "Neche border crossing closed". Grand Forks Herald. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  5. ^ Penner, Dean. "Keeping Border Crossing Open, Focus Of Study In North Dakota". Pembina Valley Online. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d Legg, Herbert (1962). Customs Services in Western Canada, 1867–1925. The Creston Review Ltd. pp. 117–120, 235–236.
  7. ^ "Winnipeg Daily Sun". lib.umanitoba.ca. 11 Nov 1882. p. 5.
  8. ^ "Midland Railway of Manitoba". www.canada-rail.com.
  9. ^ "Land Border Crossing Project: 47419-187064/A" (PDF). buyandsell.gc.ca. p. 76 (74).
  10. ^ "CBC News". www.library.ctvnews.ca. 15 Apr 2020.
  11. ^ "30-Day Review of Spending by U.S. Customs and Border Protection under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act for Construction of Land Ports of Entry" (PDF). www.dhs.gov. 23 Oct 2009. p. 17.
  12. ^ "CBP: New Recovery Act-Funded Land Ports of Entry Open at Neche and Walhalla, ND". www.cbp.gov. 26 Jan 2012.
  13. ^ "Grand Forks Herald". www.grandforksherald.com. 17 Apr 2020.