List of Canada–United States border crossings

This article includes lists of border crossings, ordered from west to east (north to south for Alaska crossings), along the Canada–United States border. Each port of entry (POE) in the tables below links to an article about that crossing.

On the U.S. side, each crossing has a three-letter Port of Entry code. This code is also seen on passport entry stamp or parole stamp. The list of codes is administered by the Department of State. Note that one code may correspond to multiple crossings.[1]

Cars approaching Canada Customs at Douglas, British Columbia, from Blaine, Washington

Land ports of entry Edit

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap

Port of entry hours of service for road crossings, except where noted, are open year-round during the day.

The yellow background indicates a border crossing where travel is permitted in only one direction.
The green background indicates a border crossing that is located at a bridge or a tunnel.
Port of Entry Name
Road/Highway [Community]


Port of Entry Name
Code U.S.
Road/Highway [Community]
State Notes Structure or
Notable Feature
Little Gold Creek   Hwy 9

(Top of the World Highway)

Yukon Poker Creek PKC Top of the World Highway Alaska June 1–Sept 1 (Canada) or day after Labor Day (US) (9:00–19:00 PT / 8:00–18:00 AKT), depending on weather & road conditions. Northernmost Canada-U.S. border crossing 64°5′8.02″N 141°0′3.92″W / 64.0855611°N 141.0010889°W / 64.0855611; -141.0010889
Beaver Creek   Hwy 1

(Alaska Highway)

Alcan ALC   AK-2 (Alaska Highway) Year-round (24-hour service). Canada: closed on holidays. Furthest Canadian inspection station from the actual border (29 km) 62°36′54.78″N 141°0′4.87″W / 62.6152167°N 141.0013528°W / 62.6152167; -141.0013528
Pleasant Camp   Hwy 3

(Haines Highway)

British Columbia Dalton Cache DAC   AK-7 (Haines Highway) Year-round (8:00–0:00 PT / 7:00–23:00 AKT). 59°27′1.67″N 136°21′42.42″W / 59.4504639°N 136.3617833°W / 59.4504639; -136.3617833
Fraser   Hwy 2

(Klondike Highway)

Skagway SKA   AK-98 (Klondike Highway) Canada: north of border; April–Oct (24-hour service) / Nov–Mar (8:00–0:00 PT).

U.S.: year-round (24-hour service)

Furthest U.S. inspection station among all U.S. land borders from actual border (8 mi south). Busiest border crossing of Alaska 59°37′45.69″N 135°9′50.15″W / 59.6293583°N 135.1639306°W / 59.6293583; -135.1639306
Stewart   Hwy 37A

(Glacier Highway)

(closed – was Hyder) HYD International Street Canada: year-round (8:00–0:00 PT / 7:00–23:00 AKT / tele-video reporting after hours.) U.S.: open but unstaffed, roads connect only to Canada Persons may legally enter the US without reporting to inspection, as there is no U.S. inspection station. (The Hyder station permanently closed c. 1970s.) 55°54′43.28″N 130°1′2.86″W / 55.9120222°N 130.0174611°W / 55.9120222; -130.0174611
Boundary Bay 56th Street


Point Roberts PTR Tyee Drive Washington Year-round (24-hour service) An obelisk marking the westernmost point of the border along the 49th parallel north is found one mile west at Monument Park. 49°0′7.17″N 123°4′5.66″W / 49.0019917°N 123.0682389°W / 49.0019917; -123.0682389
Douglas   Hwy 99

(Fraser Delta Thruway) [Surrey]

Blaine–Peace Arch BLA   I-5 Year-round (24-hour service).

No commercial vehicles.

Peace Arch International Park 49°0′7.45″N 122°45′23.49″W / 49.0020694°N 122.7565250°W / 49.0020694; -122.7565250
Pacific Highway   Hwy 15

(Pacific Highway) [Surrey]

Blaine–Pacific Highway PHY   SR 543 Year-round (24-hour service). Commercial vehicles must use this crossing between Surrey and Blaine. 49°0′7.74″N 122°44′7.58″W / 49.0021500°N 122.7354389°W / 49.0021500; -122.7354389
Aldergrove   Hwy 13 Lynden LYN   SR 539 Year-round (8:00–0:00 PT). 49°0′8.14″N 122°29′6.37″W / 49.0022611°N 122.4851028°W / 49.0022611; -122.4851028
Abbotsford–Huntingdon   Hwy 11

(Abbotsford–Mission Highway)

Sumas SUM   SR 9 Year-round (24-hour service) 49°0′8.65″N 122°15′55.25″W / 49.0024028°N 122.2653472°W / 49.0024028; -122.2653472
Chopaka Nighthawk Road Nighthawk NIG Similkameen Road Year-round (9:00–17:00 PT). 49°0′0.76″N 119°40′15.74″W / 49.0002111°N 119.6710389°W / 49.0002111; -119.6710389
Osoyoos   Hwy 97 Oroville ORO   US 97 Year-round (24-hour service) 49°0′0.36″N 119°27′45.72″W / 49.0001000°N 119.4627000°W / 49.0001000; -119.4627000
Midway Dominion Street Ferry FER Customs Road [Curlew] Year-round (9:00–17:00 PT). 49°0′0.36″N 118°45′39.96″W / 49.0001000°N 118.7611000°W / 49.0001000; -118.7611000
Carson   Hwy 41

(Danville Highway) [Grand Forks]

Danville DVL   SR 21 Year-round (8:00–0:00 PT). 49°0′0.36″N 118°30′11.85″W / 49.0001000°N 118.5032917°W / 49.0001000; -118.5032917
Cascade   Hwy 395 [Christina Lake] Laurier LAU   US 395 49°0′0.36″N 118°13′26.12″W / 49.0001000°N 118.2239222°W / 49.0001000; -118.2239222
Paterson   Hwy 22

(Paterson–Trail Highway) [Rossland]

Frontier FWA   SR 25 [Northport] Year-round (24-hour service) 49°0′1.80″N 117°49′54.12″W / 49.0005000°N 117.8317000°W / 49.0005000; -117.8317000
Waneta   Hwy 22A

(Waneta Highway) [Montrose]

Boundary BWA Waneta Road [Northport] Year-round (9:00–17:00 PT). 49°0′2.52″N 117°37′30.36″W / 49.0007000°N 117.6251000°W / 49.0007000; -117.6251000
Nelway   Hwy 6

(Nelson–Nelway Highway)

Metaline Falls MET   SR 31 Year-round (8:00–0:00 PT). 49°0′0.00″N 117°17′58.92″W / 49.0000000°N 117.2997000°W / 49.0000000; -117.2997000
Rykerts   Hwy 21

(Creston–Rykerts Highway) [Creston]

Porthill PTL   SH-1 Idaho Year-round (8:00–0:00 MST / 7:00–23:00 PST, mostly)

(7:00–23:00 MST/PST, 2nd Sun, Mar–1st Sat, Nov)

48°59′59.64″N 116°29′58.56″W / 48.9999000°N 116.4996000°W / 48.9999000; -116.4996000
Kingsgate   Hwy 95 Eastport EPI   US 95 Year-round (24-hour service).

Canada: closed on holidays.

49°0′1.80″N 116°10′53.40″W / 49.0005000°N 116.1815000°W / 49.0005000; -116.1815000
Roosville   Hwy 93 [Grasmere] Roosville ROO   US 93 [Eureka] Montana Year-round (24-hour service) 48°59′58.56″N 115°3′21.24″W / 48.9996000°N 115.0559000°W / 48.9996000; -115.0559000
Chief Mountain   Hwy 6 [Waterton Park] Alberta Chief Mountain CHF   MT 17 Daytime service, seasonal: 9:00–18:00, May 15–31 and day after Labor Day–Sept 30; 7:00–22:00, June 1–Labor Day; Closed, Oct 1–May 14. Highest altitude (1,615 m or 5,299 ft) crossing on the US–Canada border; Waterton–Glacier International Peace Park 48°59′58.92″N 113°39′38.88″W / 48.9997000°N 113.6608000°W / 48.9997000; -113.6608000
Carway   Hwy 2 [Cardston] Piegan PIE   US 89 [Babb] Year-round (8:00–18:00). 48°59′53.16″N 113°22′44.40″W / 48.9981000°N 113.3790000°W / 48.9981000; -113.3790000
Del Bonita   Hwy 62 Del Bonita DLB   S-213 [Cut Bank] Year-round (8:00–21:00, June 1 – Sept 15; 9:00–18:00, Sept. 16 – May 31) 48°59′54.96″N 112°47′17.95″W / 48.9986000°N 112.7883194°W / 48.9986000; -112.7883194
Coutts   Hwy 4 Sweetgrass SWE   I-15 Year-round (24-hour service) 48°59′54.24″N 111°57′37.44″W / 48.9984000°N 111.9604000°W / 48.9984000; -111.9604000
Aden   Hwy 880 Whitlash WHT   S-409 Year-round (9:00–17:00). 48°59′50.28″N 111°15′31.27″W / 48.9973000°N 111.2586861°W / 48.9973000; -111.2586861
Wild Horse   Hwy 41 Wild Horse HVR   S-232 [Havre] Year-round (8:00–21:00, May 15–Sept 30; 8:00–17:00, Oct 1–May 14). 48°59′57.48″N 110°12′55.08″W / 48.9993000°N 110.2153000°W / 48.9993000; -110.2153000
Willow Creek   Hwy 21 [Consul] Saskatchewan Willow Creek WCM   S-233 Year-round

9:00–17:00 CST/MDT, 2nd Sunday March – 1st Saturday Nov;

10:00–18:00 CST / 9:00–17:00 MST, rest of year

49°0′0.00″N 109°43′53.76″W / 49.0000000°N 109.7316000°W / 49.0000000; -109.7316000
Climax   Hwy 37 Turner TUR   S-241 Year-round (8:00–21:00 CST/MDT, June 1 – Sept 15; 9:00–18:00 MT, Sept. 16 – May 31) 48°59′58.20″N 108°23′21.12″W / 48.9995000°N 108.3892000°W / 48.9995000; -108.3892000
Monchy   Hwy 4 [Climax] Morgan MGM   US 191 [Loring] 48°59′59.28″N 107°49′54.84″W / 48.9998000°N 107.8319000°W / 48.9998000; -107.8319000
West Poplar River   Hwy 2 [Rockglen] Opheim OPH   MT 24 48°59′58.2″N 106°22′40.44″W / 48.999500°N 106.3779000°W / 48.999500; -106.3779000
Coronach   Hwy 36 Scobey SCO   MT 13 Was the world's first fully automated port of entry (est. 1996–1998) 48°59′58.20″N 105°24′28.08″W / 48.9995000°N 105.4078000°W / 48.9995000; -105.4078000
Regway   Hwy 6 Raymond RAY   MT 16 Year-round (24-hour service) 48°59′57.12″N 104°34′28.46″W / 48.9992000°N 104.5745722°W / 48.9992000; -104.5745722
Oungre   Hwy 35 Fortuna FRT   US 85 North Dakota Year-round (8:00–21:00 CST / 9:00 –22:00 CDT, 2nd Sunday March–1st Saturday Nov; 9:00–22:00, rest of year). 48°59′58.56″N 103°48′34.18″W / 48.9996000°N 103.8094944°W / 48.9996000; -103.8094944
Torquay   Hwy 350 Ambrose AMB   ND 42 Year-round (8:00–16:00 CST / 9:00–17:00 CDT, 2nd Sunday March–1st Saturday Nov; 9:00–17:00, rest of year). 48°59′57.48″N 103°29′12.48″W / 48.9993000°N 103.4868000°W / 48.9993000; -103.4868000
Estevan Highway   Hwy 47 Noonan NOO   ND 40 Year-round (8:00–21:00 CST / 9:00 –22:00 CDT, 2nd Sunday March–1st Saturday Nov; 9:00–22:00, rest of year). 48°59′57.48″N 103°0′17.20″W / 48.9993000°N 103.0047778°W / 48.9993000; -103.0047778
North Portal   Hwy 39 Portal POR   US 52 Year-round (24-hour service) 48°59′56.04″N 102°33′10.08″W / 48.9989000°N 102.5528000°W / 48.9989000; -102.5528000
Northgate   Hwy 9 Northgate NRG   ND 8 [Flaxton] Year-round (8:00–21:00 CST / 9:00 –22:00 CDT, 2nd Sunday March–1st Saturday Nov; 9:00–22:00, rest of year). 48°59′56.04″N 102°16′30.36″W / 48.9989000°N 102.2751000°W / 48.9989000; -102.2751000
Carievale   Hwy 8 Sherwood SHR   ND 28 48°59′57.48″N 101°37′40.51″W / 48.9993000°N 101.6279194°W / 48.9993000; -101.6279194
Lyleton   PR 256 [Pierson] Manitoba Antler ANT   ND 256 Year-round (9:00–22:00). 48°59′58.56″N 101°17′45.96″W / 48.9996000°N 101.2961000°W / 48.9996000; -101.2961000
Coulter   PTH 83 [Melita] Westhope WHO   US 83 Year-round (8:00–21:00). 48°59′58.56″N 101°1′4.80″W / 48.9996000°N 101.0180000°W / 48.9996000; -101.0180000
Goodlands   PTH 21 [Deloraine] Carbury CRY   ND 14 [Souris] Year-round (9:00–22:00). 48°59′57.84″N 100°33′20.11″W / 48.9994000°N 100.5555861°W / 48.9994000; -100.5555861
Boissevain   PTH 10 Dunseith DNS    US 281 / ND 3 Year-round (24-hour service) International Peace Garden 48°59′57.48″N 100°3′8.28″W / 48.9993000°N 100.0523000°W / 48.9993000; -100.0523000
Lena   PTH 18 [Killarney] Saint John SJO   ND 30 Year-round (8:00–21:00). 48°59′57.84″N 99°39′32.15″W / 48.9994000°N 99.6589306°W / 48.9994000; -99.6589306
Cartwright   PTH 5 Hansboro HNS   ND 4 48°59′58.92″N 99°20′48.84″W / 48.9997000°N 99.3469000°W / 48.9997000; -99.3469000
Crystal City   PTH 34 Sarles SAR   ND 20 Year-round (9:00–22:00). 49°0′0″N 98°56′15.79″W / 49.00000°N 98.9377194°W / 49.00000; -98.9377194
Snowflake   PR 242 Hannah HNN 91st Ave. NE 49°0′0.72″N 98°41′39.48″W / 49.0002000°N 98.6943000°W / 49.0002000; -98.6943000
Windygates   PTH 31 [Darlingford] Maida MAI   ND 1 [Langdon] 49°0′1.08″N 98°21′53.64″W / 49.0003000°N 98.3649000°W / 49.0003000; -98.3649000
Winkler   PTH 32 Walhalla WAL   ND 32 49°0′1.80″N 97°54′30.96″W / 49.0005000°N 97.9086000°W / 49.0005000; -97.9086000
Gretna   PTH 30 Neche NEC   ND 18 49°0′1.80″N 97°33′25.20″W / 49.0005000°N 97.5570000°W / 49.0005000; -97.5570000
Emerson   PTH 75

(Lord Selkirk Highway)

Pembina PEM    I-29 / US 81 Year-round (24-hour service) Formerly known as "West Lynne"; the Canadian side was renamed in 2003 when Emerson East closed. 49°0′1.80″N 97°14′15.72″W / 49.0005000°N 97.2377000°W / 49.0005000; -97.2377000
Tolstoi   PTH 59 Lancaster LAN   US 59 Minnesota Year-round

Victoria Day & Labor Day: 8:00–20:00;

Canada: 8:00–22:00;

US: 8:00–18:00.[2]

49°0′0.72″N 96°48′5.40″W / 49.0002000°N 96.8015000°W / 49.0002000; -96.8015000
Piney   PTH 89 Pinecreek PIN   MN 89 Year-round

Canada: 9:00–22:00;

US: 9:00–17:00.

48°59′59.64″N 95°58′41.52″W / 48.9999000°N 95.9782000°W / 48.9999000; -95.9782000
South Junction   PR 310 Roseau ROS   MN 310 Year-round

Canada: 8:00–22:00;

US: 8:00–20:00[2]

48°59′58.56″N 95°45′59.40″W / 48.9996000°N 95.7665000°W / 48.9996000; -95.7665000
Sprague   PTH 12 Warroad WAR   MN 313 Year-round (24-hour service) Easternmost crossing along the 49th parallel north 48°59′56.40″N 95°22′34.32″W / 48.9990000°N 95.3762000°W / 48.9990000; -95.3762000
Rainy River   Highway 11 Ontario Baudette BAU   MN 72 Minnesota Year-round (24-hour service) Baudette – Rainy River International Bridge 48°43′8.94″N 94°35′25.25″W / 48.7191500°N 94.5903472°W / 48.7191500; -94.5903472
Fort Frances   Highway 71 International Falls INT    US 53 / US 71 Fort Frances–International Falls International Bridge 48°36′26.69″N 93°24′6.42″W / 48.6074139°N 93.4017833°W / 48.6074139; -93.4017833
Pigeon River   Highway 61 [Neebing] Grand Portage GPM   MN 61 Pigeon River Bridge 48°0′5.1″N 89°35′6.61″W / 48.001417°N 89.5851694°W / 48.001417; -89.5851694
Sault Ste. Marie Huron Street Sault Ste. Marie SSM   I-75 Michigan Sault Ste. Marie International Bridge 46°30′30.24″N 84°21′38.58″W / 46.5084000°N 84.3607167°W / 46.5084000; -84.3607167
Sarnia   Highway 402 Port Huron PHU    I-69 / I-94 Blue Water Bridge 42°59′55.3″N 82°25′24.44″W / 42.998694°N 82.4234556°W / 42.998694; -82.4234556
Windsor–Detroit Tunnel Goyeau Street Detroit–Windsor Tunnel DCT Jefferson Avenue Detroit–Windsor Tunnel 42°19′25.96″N 83°2′25.04″W / 42.3238778°N 83.0402889°W / 42.3238778; -83.0402889
Windsor–Ambassador Bridge   Highway 3 [Windsor] Detroit–Ambassador Bridge DCB    I-75 / I-96 Ambassador Bridge

Southernmost road crossing and busiest commercial crossing

42°18′42.47″N 83°4′26.39″W / 42.3117972°N 83.0739972°W / 42.3117972; -83.0739972
Fort Erie   QEW Buffalo BUF   I-190 / Baird Drive New York Peace Bridge

Busiest passenger vehicle crossing[3]

42°54′25.06″N 78°54′21.45″W / 42.9069611°N 78.9059583°W / 42.9069611; -78.9059583
Niagara Falls–Rainbow Bridge Regional Road 420 (Falls Avenue) Niagara Falls–Rainbow Bridge RBB    NY 104 / NY 384 Year-round (24-hour service)

No commercial trucks.

Rainbow Bridge 43°5′24.62″N 79°4′3.69″W / 43.0901722°N 79.0676917°W / 43.0901722; -79.0676917
Niagara Falls–Whirlpool Rapids Bridge River Road Niagara Falls–Whirlpool Rapids Bridge WHR
Whirlpool Street Year-round (7:00–23:00);

NEXUS use only.

Whirlpool Rapids Bridge 43°6′33.27″N 79°3′30″W / 43.1092417°N 79.05833°W / 43.1092417; -79.05833
Queenston   Highway 405 [Niagara-on-the-Lake] Lewiston LEW   I-190 Year-round (24-hour service) Lewiston–Queenston Bridge 43°9′10.77″N 79°2′40.12″W / 43.1529917°N 79.0444778°W / 43.1529917; -79.0444778
Lansdowne   Highway 137 [Hill Island] Alexandria Bay AXB   I-81 Thousand Islands Bridge 44°20′50.18″N 75°59′0.34″W / 44.3472722°N 75.9834278°W / 44.3472722; -75.9834278
Prescott   Highway 16 [Johnstown] Ogdensburg OGD   NY 812 Ogdensburg–Prescott International Bridge 44°43′59.33″N 75°27′27.88″W / 44.7331472°N 75.4577444°W / 44.7331472; -75.4577444
Cornwall Akwesasne International Road


Massena MAS   NY 37 [Rooseveltown] Year-round (24-hour service)

Canada: ("interim") at the north end of the new (low) north channel bridge. Travellers from the U.S. to Cornwall Island first cross the island to the Canadian POE.

Seaway International Bridge, Three Nations Crossing 44°59′26.37″N 74°44′22.26″W / 44.9906583°N 74.7395167°W / 44.9906583; -74.7395167
Dundee   R-132 Québec Fort Covington FTC Water Street New York Year-round (24-hour service) 44°59′52.92″N 74°30′27.94″W / 44.9980333°N 74.5077611°W / 44.9980333; -74.5077611
Trout River   R-138 [Elgin] Trout River TRO   NY 30 [Constable] 44°59′31.38″N 74°18′29.43″W / 44.9920500°N 74.3081750°W / 44.9920500; -74.3081750
Herdman Chemin Herdman [Hinchinbrooke] Chateaugay CHT   NY 374 (River Street) 44°59′37.13″N 74°5′8.67″W / 44.9936472°N 74.0857417°W / 44.9936472; -74.0857417
(closed – was Franklin Centre)   R-209 Québec Churubusco   NY 189 New York Canada: closed.

US: 8:00–16:00;

Entry into Canada is not permitted at this location.

44°59′56.41″N 73°56′20.57″W / 44.9990028°N 73.9390472°W / 44.9990028; -73.9390472
Covey Hill   R-203 [Havelock] Québec Cannon Corners CNC Cannon Corners Road [Mooers Forks] New York Year-round (8:00–16:00) Canada: 8:00–00:00, May–Oct 45°0′11.32″N 73°45′22.90″W / 45.0031444°N 73.7563611°W / 45.0031444; -73.7563611
Hemmingford   R-219 Mooers MOO Hemmingford Road Year-round (24-hour service) 45°0′16.07″N 73°36′10.88″W / 45.0044639°N 73.6030222°W / 45.0044639; -73.6030222
St-Bernard-de-Lacolle   A-15 Champlain CHM   I-87 45°0′31.83″N 73°27′8.26″W / 45.0088417°N 73.4522944°W / 45.0088417; -73.4522944
Route 221
  R-221 Overton Corners CHM   NY 276 [Champlain] 45°0′35.7″N 73°24′0.63″W / 45.009917°N 73.4001750°W / 45.009917; -73.4001750
Route 223
  R-223 Rouses Point ROU   US 11 45°0′37.33″N 73°22′15.21″W / 45.0103694°N 73.3708917°W / 45.0103694; -73.3708917
Noyan   R-225 Alburg ABG   VT 225 [Alburgh] Vermont 45°0′41.69″N 73°17′47.54″W / 45.0115806°N 73.2965389°W / 45.0115806; -73.2965389
Clarenceville Chemin Beech Sud Alburg Springs ABS Alburg Springs Road [Alburgh] Year-round (8:00–00:00). 45°0′46.92″N 73°12′44.27″W / 45.0130333°N 73.2122972°W / 45.0130333; -73.2122972
St–Armand/ Philipsburg   R-133 Highgate Springs HIG   I-89 Year-round (24-hour service) 45°0′55.55″N 73°5′5.17″W / 45.0154306°N 73.0847694°W / 45.0154306; -73.0847694
Morses Line   R-235 [St-Armand] Morses Line MOR   VT 235 Year-round

Canada: 8:00–16:00,

Has Remote Traveller Processing 16:00–8:00, only open to citizens and permanent residents of Canada and the U.S.[4]

US: 8:00–00:00

45°0′51.45″N 72°58′42.59″W / 45.0142917°N 72.9784972°W / 45.0142917; -72.9784972
Frelighsburg   R-237 West Berkshire WBE   VT 108 [Berkshire] Year-round (24-hour service) 45°0′58.67″N 72°49′31.13″W / 45.0162972°N 72.8253139°W / 45.0162972; -72.8253139
East Pinnacle Chemin de Richford Pinnacle Road PIV Pinnacle Road [Richford] Year-round (8:00–00:00). 45°0′56.03″N 72°42′00.15″W / 45.0155639°N 72.7000417°W / 45.0155639; -72.7000417
Abercorn   R-139 Richford RIF   VT 139 Year-round (24-hour service) 45°0′54.00″N 72°39′45.51″W / 45.0150000°N 72.6626417°W / 45.0150000; -72.6626417
Glen Sutton Chemin de la Vallée-Missisquoi Québec East Richford ERC   VT 105A Vermont Year-round (8:00–16:00) Missisquoi River Bridge 45°0′42.79″N 72°35′19.13″W / 45.0118861°N 72.5886472°W / 45.0118861; -72.5886472
Highwater   R-243 Québec North Troy NRT   VT 243 Vermont Year-round (24-hour service) 45°0′26.12″N 72°24′57.25″W / 45.0072556°N 72.4159028°W / 45.0072556; -72.4159028
Stanstead–Beebe   R-247


Beebe Plain BEB Beebe Road [Derby] Canada: formerly named Beebe. 45°0′20.93″N 72°08′31.16″W / 45.0058139°N 72.1419889°W / 45.0058139; -72.1419889
Stanstead–143   R-143


Derby Line–Rte 5 NPV   US 5 45°0′20.64″N 72°05′57.56″W / 45.0057333°N 72.0993222°W / 45.0057333; -72.0993222
Stanstead–55   A-55


Derby Line NPV   I-91 Year-round (24-hour service) Canada: formerly named Rock Island. 45°0′21.11″N 72°05′17.46″W / 45.0058639°N 72.0881833°W / 45.0058639; -72.0881833
Stanhope   R-147 Norton NRN   VT 147 45°0′38.46″N 71°47′35.88″W / 45.0106833°N 71.7933000°W / 45.0106833; -71.7933000
Hereford Road   R-141 Canaan CNA   VT 141 45°0′45.47″N 71°33′36.80″W / 45.0126306°N 71.5602222°W / 45.0126306; -71.5602222
East Hereford   R-253 Beecher Falls BEE   VT 253 45°0′48.21″N 71°30′19.11″W / 45.0133917°N 71.5053083°W / 45.0133917; -71.5053083
Chartierville   R-257 Pittsburg PNH   US 3 New Hampshire Year-round (8:00–00:00) 45°15′09.9″N 71°12′17.7″W / 45.252750°N 71.204917°W / 45.252750; -71.204917
Woburn   R-161 Coburn Gore COB   SR 27 Maine Year-round (24-hour service) 45°22′43.01″N 70°48′28.96″W / 45.3786139°N 70.8080444°W / 45.3786139; -70.8080444
Armstrong   R-173 Jackman JKM    US 201 / SR 6 45°48′20.26″N 70°23′48.24″W / 45.8056278°N 70.3967333°W / 45.8056278; -70.3967333
St–Zacharie Route de la Frontière St. Zacharie STZ Golden Road (private-North Maine Woods) Canada: open only for Pilot Project for Travellers in Remote Areas-Quebec (PPTRA-Q)[5] permit holders, during U.S. hours.

US: Year-round (6:00–20:00, Mon–Thurs / 6:00–16:00 Fri).

46°05′34.29″N 70°17′25.68″W / 46.0928583°N 70.2904667°W / 46.0928583; -70.2904667
Ste–Aurélie   R-277 Québec Ste. Aurelie SRL St. Aurelie Road (private–North Maine Woods) Maine Year-round

Canada: 9:00–17:00 Mon–Fri, with additional hours for PPTRA-Q permits;

US: 6:00–21:00, Mon–Thurs / 6:00–16:00 Fri

46°12′27.02″N 70°16′34.31″W / 46.2075056°N 70.2761972°W / 46.2075056; -70.2761972
St-Just-de-Bretenières Rue des Moulins


Québec St. Juste St. Juste Road / Stetson Road (private–North Maine Woods) Maine Year-round

Canada: 9:00–17:00 Mon–Fri, with additional hours for PPTRA-Q permits;

US: 6:00–21:00, Mon–Thurs / 6:00–16:00 Fri

46°32′44.60″N 70°01′44.66″W / 46.5457222°N 70.0290722°W / 46.5457222; -70.0290722
St-Pamphile Route Elgin Sud St. Pamphile SPA Blanchette / Maibec Road (private–North Maine Woods) Year-round

Canada: 9:00–17:00 Mon–Fri, with additional hours for PPTRA-Q permits;

US: 6:00–21:00, Mon & Thurs / 6:00–16:00 Tues, Wed & Fri / 8:00–16:00 Sat

46°56′33.06″N 69°45′01.39″W / 46.9425167°N 69.7503861°W / 46.9425167; -69.7503861
Pohenegamook Rue de la Frontière Estcourt Frontier Road (public) / Estcourt Road (private-North Maine Woods) Year Round

Canada: 9:00–17:00 Mon–Fri, with additional hours for PPTRA-Q permits;

US: 9:00–17:00 Mon-Fri.

US: at road to Maine interior, 0.83 km or 0.52 mi southwest of Canadian POE, 47°27′22.46″N 69°13′41.38″W / 47.4562389°N 69.2281611°W / 47.4562389; -69.2281611

47°26′59.31″N 69°14′5.20″W / 47.4498083°N 69.2347778°W / 47.4498083; -69.2347778

Clair   Route 161 New Brunswick Fort Kent FTK   US 1 Maine Year-round (24-hour service) Clair – Fort Kent Bridge 47°14′57.3″N 68°36′13.6″W / 47.249250°N 68.603778°W / 47.249250; -68.603778
Edmundston   Route 120 Madawaska MAD Bridge Street Edmundston–Madawaska Bridge 47°21′36.5″N 68°19′43.3″W / 47.360139°N 68.328694°W / 47.360139; -68.328694
St. Leonard Bridge Street/Rue du Pont Van Buren VNB St. Leonard – Van Buren Bridge 47°09′34.92″N 67°55′51.24″W / 47.1597000°N 67.9309000°W / 47.1597000; -67.9309000
Grand Falls   Route 218 New Brunswick Hamlin HML Boundaryline Road Maine 7:00–23:00 ET / 8:00–00:00 AT 47°03′37.95″N 67°47′24.57″W / 47.0605417°N 67.7901583°W / 47.0605417; -67.7901583
Gillespie Portage   Route 375 Limestone LIM   SR 229 6:00–22:00 ET / 7:00– 23:00 AT 46°55′28.45″N 67°47′24.57″W / 46.9245694°N 67.7901583°W / 46.9245694; -67.7901583
Four Falls Brown Road New Brunswick (closed – was East Road) Russell Road Maine US: closed.

Canada: 9:00–23:30 AT, 3rd Monday, April – 2nd Sunday, Oct.

Entry into the United States is not permitted at this location. 46°49′24.21″N 67°47′22.65″W / 46.8233917°N 67.7896250°W / 46.8233917; -67.7896250
Andover   Route 190


New Brunswick Fort Fairfield FTF   SR 161 Maine Year-round (24-hour service) 46°45′55.18″N 67°47′21.84″W / 46.7653278°N 67.7894000°W / 46.7653278; -67.7894000
River de Chute Smugglers Road Easton Ladner Road 8:00–16:00 ET / 9:00–17:00 AT 46°36′01.14″N 67°47′17.79″W / 46.6003167°N 67.7882750°W / 46.6003167; -67.7882750
Centreville   Route 110 Bridgewater BWM Boundary Line Road 5:00–21:00 ET / 6:00–22:00 AT 46°27′01.28″N 67°47′05.18″W / 46.4503556°N 67.7847722°W / 46.4503556; -67.7847722
Bloomfield Line Road Monticello Fletcher Road Monday–Saturday (8:00–16:00 ET / 9:00–17:00 AT) 46°19′03.33″N 67°46′58.14″W / 46.3175917°N 67.7828167°W / 46.3175917; -67.7828167
Woodstock Road   Route 95 Houlton HTM   I-95 Year-round (24-hour service) 46°08′06.74″N 67°46′52.76″W / 46.1352056°N 67.7813222°W / 46.1352056; -67.7813222
Fosterville   Route 122 New Brunswick Orient Boundary Road Maine 7:00–23:00 ET / 8:00–00:00 AT, June–Sept; 7:00–17:00 ET / 8:00–18:00 AT, Oct–May Boundary Bridge 45°49′00.30″N 67°46′51.21″W / 45.8167500°N 67.7808917°W / 45.8167500; -67.7808917
Forest City Forest City Road Forest City Forest City Road 8:00–16:00 ET / 9:00–17:00 AT

US (winter): closed on Sundays

Forest City Bridge 45°39′46.87″N 67°43′42.01″W / 45.6630194°N 67.7283361°W / 45.6630194; -67.7283361
St. Croix   Route 4 Vanceboro VCB   SR 6 Year-round (24-hour service) Saint Croix – Vanceboro Bridge 45°34′07.58″N 67°25′42.86″W / 45.5687722°N 67.4285722°W / 45.5687722; -67.4285722
St. Stephen (3rd Bridge)   Route 1 / St. Stephen Drive Calais–International Ave CLS International Avenue Year-round (24-hour service); Commercial vehicles must use this crossing between St. Stephen & Calais. International Avenue Bridge 45°09′39.76″N 67°18′09.79″W / 45.1610444°N 67.3027194°W / 45.1610444; -67.3027194
Milltown Milltown Blvd /   Route 170

[St. Stephen]

Calais–Milltown Bridge CLS North Street Extension 6:00–22:00 ET / 7:00–23:00 AT Milltown International Bridge 45°10′11.88″N 67°17′48.39″W / 45.1699667°N 67.2967750°W / 45.1699667; -67.2967750
St. Stephen (Ferry Point Bridge) Milltown Blvd /   Route 170 Calais–Ferry Point CLS Main Street /   SR 9 Year-round (24-hour service); No commercial vehicles. Ferry Point International Bridge 45°11′30.0″N 67°17′0.2″W / 45.191667°N 67.283389°W / 45.191667; -67.283389
Campobello   Route 774 Lubec LUB   SR 189 Year-round (24-hour service);

Canada (holidays): closed

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Bridge 44°51′33.8″N 66°58′48.8″W / 44.859389°N 66.980222°W / 44.859389; -66.980222

Unstaffed road crossings Edit

Unstaffed road crossing at Angle Inlet, Minnesota

This is a list of roads that cross the U.S.-Canada border that do not have border inspection services, but where travelers are legally allowed to cross the border in one or both directions.

In prior years, there were dozens of such roads where one could legally cross the border and then proceed to an open Customs office to report for inspection, but most have since been barricaded. Current requirements for reporting to CBSA or CBP for inspection are noted.

Many former uncontrolled roads that served as points of entry along the U.S. Customs and Border Protection Swanton Sector were barricaded/closed in the mid-1970s in securing the 1976 Montreal Summer Olympics.[6] These included Clinton, Franklin and St. Lawrence counties in upstate New York, and in Franklin, Orleans and Essex counties in Vermont.

Road Name
United States
United States
Road Name
State Notes Coordinates
Stewart Road to Salmon Glacier [Premier] British Columbia Hyder NF-88, Tongass National Forest Alaska Unstaffed and open. Canadian road ends at former Granduc Mine; U.S. road connects only to Canada. 56°2′46.32″N 130°2′12.48″W / 56.0462000°N 130.0368000°W / 56.0462000; -130.0368000
Skagit Valley Provincial Park Silver Skagit Road North Cascades National Park Silver Skagit Road Washington Unstaffed and open. Canadian road with access to Hozomeen Campground on Ross Lake ends about 2 miles inside the US. Persons found on the U.S. side by the U.S. Border Patrol should be prepared to provide passport identification. 49°0′0.72″N 121°3′46.80″W / 49.0002000°N 121.0630000°W / 49.0002000; -121.0630000
E.C. Manning Provincial Park Pacific Crest Trail Pacific Crest Trail Travel into Canada only permitted for those holding a Pacific Crest Trail Entry Permit (which must be applied for in advance). Entry into the US is not permitted.[7] 49°0′0″N 120°47′59.42″W / 49.00000°N 120.7998389°W / 49.00000; -120.7998389
Northwest Angle Provincial Forest PR 525 Manitoba Angle Inlet CR-49 Winter Road Minnesota The only east–west crossing between Western Canada and the contiguous US, the border crossing is staffed remotely by both countries. Travelers are directed to video telephones 12.5 km (7.8 mi) from the border in Angle Inlet, Minnesota to contact the Canadian or U.S. border agencies to make their declarations. 49°17′17.59″N 95°9′12.21″W / 49.2882194°N 95.1533917°W / 49.2882194; -95.1533917
Kanatakon (St. Regis), Akwesasne 15 Réserve Andrew Johnson Rd & Saint Regis St Quebec Akwesasne, St. Regis Mohawk Reservation Johnson & St. Regis Roads New York Unstaffed crossings to/from Québec accessible by road only through New York. No requirement to report. 44°59′58.02″N 74°39′0.14″W / 44.9994500°N 74.6500389°W / 44.9994500; -74.6500389
Tsi Snaihne (Snye), Akwesasne 15 Réserve River, Phillips, Snye, McDonald & Chapman Roads Akwesasne, St. Regis Mohawk Reservation River, Phillips, Snye, McDonald & Chapman Roads Unstaffed crossings to/from Québec accessible by road only through New York state. No requirement to report. 44°59′57.70″N 74°36′51.30″W / 44.9993611°N 74.6142500°W / 44.9993611; -74.6142500
Dundee Chemin de la Pointe Hopkins Fort Covington Hopkins Point Road Unstaffed crossing to/from Québec accessible by road only through New York. Signs direct travelers to report to nearby staffed border post. 44°59′53.16″N 74°30′32.94″W / 44.9981000°N 74.5091500°W / 44.9981000; -74.5091500
Gilbert Road Route de Bellechasse Seboomook Lake, ME Gilbert Road Maine International bridge built by logging company to access its private property in Maine, and is gated. No border inspection services have ever existed at this location. 46°21′29.4″N 70°10′30.8″W / 46.358167°N 70.175222°W / 46.358167; -70.175222

Rail crossings Edit

Train returning to Skagway, Alaska, from Whitehorse, Yukon, along the White Pass and Yukon Route
The green background indicates a crossing that is located at a bridge or a tunnel.
The blue background indicates a crossing where passenger rail service is available.
The red background indicates a closed railroad crossing.
Nearest Community
Canada Rail U.S.
Nearest Community
State U.S. Rail Notes Structure
or Notable Feature
Fraser British Columbia WPY Skagway Alaska WPY 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge route, isolated line not connected to any others in North America. Former northern terminus Whitehorse, now ends at Carcross. 59°37′27.99″N 135°8′20.58″W / 59.6244417°N 135.1390500°W / 59.6244417; -135.1390500
White Rock BNSF Blaine Washington BNSF Used by Amtrak Cascades passenger trains. Border inspection services are provided at Pacific Central Station in Vancouver, British Columbia. 49°0′7.56″N 122°45′27.00″W / 49.0021000°N 122.7575000°W / 49.0021000; -122.7575000
Huntingdon British Columbia CP, SRY Sumas Washington BNSF 49°0′8.64″N 122°16′0.84″W / 49.0024000°N 122.2669000°W / 49.0024000; -122.2669000
Grand Forks British Columbia KFR Danville Washington KFR Abandoned by the KFR south of the border. 49°0′0.36″N 118°29′33.36″W / 49.0001000°N 118.4926000°W / 49.0001000; -118.4926000
Billings British Columbia KFR Laurier Washington KFR Canada section isolated from Canadian rail network following CP's 1991 abandonment of their Boundary Sub, accessible only through the U.S. 49°0′0.36″N 118°13′28.56″W / 49.0001000°N 118.2246000°W / 49.0001000; -118.2246000
Waneta Northport Canada section isolated from Canadian rail network following abandonment of Burlington Northern's Nelson Sub in 1989, only accessible through the U.S. 49°0′2.52″N 117°37′36.84″W / 49.0007000°N 117.6269000°W / 49.0007000; -117.6269000
Kingsgate CP Eastport Idaho UP 49°0′1.80″N 116°10′55.92″W / 49.0005000°N 116.1822000°W / 49.0005000; -116.1822000
Coutts Alberta Sweetgrass Montana BNSF 48°59′54.24″N 111°57′32.40″W / 48.9984000°N 111.9590000°W / 48.9984000; -111.9590000
North Portal Saskatchewan Portal North Dakota CP (SOO) 48°59′56.04″N 102°32′56.40″W / 48.9989000°N 102.5490000°W / 48.9989000; -102.5490000
Northgate CN Northgate BNSF CN abandoned north of the border in 2001. Since 2016, approximately one mile of track is active in Canada to serve a multimodal export terminal operated by Ceres Global Ag. 48°59′55.68″N 102°15′51.48″W / 48.9988000°N 102.2643000°W / 48.9988000; -102.2643000
Gretna Manitoba CP Neche North Dakota BN The line was abandoned by both railways during the early 1990s. The tracks have been removed on both sides. 49°0′1.80″N 97°33′38.16″W / 49.0005000°N 97.5606000°W / 49.0005000; -97.5606000
West Lynne (Emerson) CN Pembina The tracks were removed after BN abandoned their line from Joliette to the border in 1980; CN and BN successor BNSF still interchange at the nearby Emerson-Noyes crossing. 49°0′1.44″N 97°14′6.36″W / 49.0004000°N 97.2351000°W / 49.0004000; -97.2351000
Emerson Manitoba CN (west) / CP (east) Noyes Minnesota BNSF (west) /

CP (east)

Since closure of the adjacent road border crossing, this major rail crossing has been managed by the nearby Emerson (Canada) and Pembina (U.S.) ports of entry. 49°0′1.44″N 97°12′13.32″W / 49.0004000°N 97.2037000°W / 49.0004000; -97.2037000
Sprague CN Warroad CN The U.S. stretch between Warroad & Baudette connects only through Canada. It was isolated from the U.S. rail network when Minnesota Northern Railroad abandoned the Warroad subdivision in 2009. 48°59′56.40″N 95°22′32.16″W / 48.9990000°N 95.3756000°W / 48.9990000; -95.3756000
Rainy River Ontario CN Baudette Minnesota CN The U.S. stretch between Warroad & Baudette connects only through Canada. 48°43′10.56″N 94°35′29.04″W / 48.7196000°N 94.5914000°W / 48.7196000; -94.5914000
Fort Frances MDW International Falls MDW Once connecting to CN's nearby mainline, the Fort Frances stretch is now isolated from the Canadian rail network. Trains must cross this bridge to the U.S. to get back into Canada. Fort Frances – International Falls International Bridge 48°36′26.69″N 93°24′6.42″W / 48.6074139°N 93.4017833°W / 48.6074139; -93.4017833
CN Ranier CN Ranier International Rail Bridge 48°36′53.64″N 93°24′6.42″W / 48.6149000°N 93.4017833°W / 48.6149000; -93.4017833
Sault Ste. Marie CN (ACR) Sault Ste. Marie Michigan CN (WC) Sault Ste. Marie International Railroad Bridge 46°30′30.60″N 84°21′41.76″W / 46.5085000°N 84.3616000°W / 46.5085000; -84.3616000
Sarnia CN Port Huron CN Paul M. Tellier Tunnel 42°57′34.20″N 82°25′21.36″W / 42.9595000°N 82.4226000°W / 42.9595000; -82.4226000
Windsor CP Detroit CP Michigan Central Railway Tunnel 42°19′9.12″N 83°3′30.24″W / 42.3192000°N 83.0584000°W / 42.3192000; -83.0584000
Fort Erie CN Buffalo New York CN International Railway Bridge 42°55′46.20″N 78°54′28.80″W / 42.9295000°N 78.9080000°W / 42.9295000; -78.9080000
Niagara Falls Ontario CP Niagara Falls New York CP Closed to rail traffic in 2000. Presently mothballed. Michigan Central Railway Bridge 43°6′30.60″N 79°3′29.52″W / 43.1085000°N 79.0582000°W / 43.1085000; -79.0582000
Niagara Falls Ontario CN Niagara Falls New York CSX Used by Amtrak/Via Maple Leaf passenger trains. Cars may use the bridge if all passengers have a Nexus Card. Whirlpool Rapids Bridge 43°6′33.27″N 79°3′30.00″W / 43.1092417°N 79.0583333°W / 43.1092417; -79.0583333
Sainte-Agnès-de-Dundee Québec CSX Fort Covington New York CSX 44°59′51.36″N 74°29′8.88″W / 44.9976000°N 74.4858000°W / 44.9976000; -74.4858000
Elgin Québec NYC Trout River New York NYC Abandoned, but ROW intact. 44°59′31.92″N 74°14′32.28″W / 44.9922000°N 74.2423000°W / 44.9922000; -74.2423000
Cantic Québec CP (west track) & CN (east track) Rouses Point New York CP (DH) Used by Amtrak Adirondack passenger trains, using CN track in Canada. Cantic port of entry next to Lacolle 223. 45°0′36.72″N 73°22′18.12″W / 45.0102000°N 73.3717000°W / 45.0102000; -73.3717000
Clarenceville Québec CN Alburg Springs Vermont CN 45°0′45.00″N 73°14′28.32″W / 45.0125000°N 73.2412000°W / 45.0125000; -73.2412000
Abercorn CMQ Richford CMQ U.S. section isolated from the U.S. rail network following 1990 abandonment of Central Vermont Railway's Richford Branch. Trains in the U.S. must pass through Canada. Part of the Farnham-Richford-North Troy line. 45°0′54.36″N 72°39′49.32″W / 45.0151000°N 72.6637000°W / 45.0151000; -72.6637000
Glen Sutton East Richford Canadian section has always been isolated from the Canadian rail network. Trains must pass through the U.S. to connect with the rest of Canada. Part of the Farnham-Richford-North Troy line. 45°0′41.76″N 72°35′9.24″W / 45.0116000°N 72.5859000°W / 45.0116000; -72.5859000
Highwater North Troy Trains in Canada must pass back through the U.S. from this isolated section. Part of the Farnham-Richford-North Troy line. 45°0′25.56″N 72°24′43.92″W / 45.0071000°N 72.4122000°W / 45.0071000; -72.4122000
Lineboro Québec QCR North Derby Vermont QCR Tracks were removed in the 1990s. Now Piste cyclable de Stanstead (Canada) and Newport Bikepath (U.S.). Signs urge cyclists not to cross here. 45°0′20.88″N 72°10′17.40″W / 45.0058000°N 72.1715000°W / 45.0058000; -72.1715000
Stanhope Québec SLR Norton Vermont SLQ 45°0′38.16″N 71°47′42.36″W / 45.0106000°N 71.7951000°W / 45.0106000; -71.7951000
Trudel (Lac-Mégantic) CMQ Beattie


Maine CMQ 45°32′48.12″N 70°41′21.48″W / 45.5467000°N 70.6893000°W / 45.5467000; -70.6893000
St. Leonard New Brunswick MNRY Van Buren Maine MNRY Unnamed rail bridge 47°10′29.64″N 67°56′32.28″W / 47.1749000°N 67.9423000°W / 47.1749000; -67.9423000
Tinker New Brunswick CP Fort Fairfield Maine CP Tracks removed. 46°47′36.60″N 67°47′22.56″W / 46.7935000°N 67.7896000°W / 46.7935000; -67.7896000
Green Road CAR Houlton CAR Abandoned June 1989. 46°5′42.72″N 67°46′52.32″W / 46.0952000°N 67.7812000°W / 46.0952000; -67.7812000
St. Croix New Brunswick NBSR Vanceboro Maine EMRY Only Canada-U.S. border crossing to be attacked by a foreign force. See Vanceboro international bridge bombing. Saint Croix-Vanceboro Railway Bridge 45°33′50.40″N 67°25′39.00″W / 45.5640000°N 67.4275000°W / 45.5640000; -67.4275000
Mohannes Woodland NBSR The American stretch is isolated from the rest of the U.S. rail network, and trains must cross this bridge to a small portion through Canada to the U.S. at Baring. Part of NBSR's St. Stephen-Calais-Woodland branch; leased from Woodland Rail. Sprague Falls Railroad Bridge 45°10′0.84″N 67°24′15.48″W / 45.1669000°N 67.4043000°W / 45.1669000; -67.4043000
Upper Mills Baring Plantation The Canadian stretch between Mohannes and Upper Mills is isolated from the Canadian rail network, and trains must cross this bridge into the U.S. to connect to the rest of Canada. Sold to Woodland Rail by Pan-Am Railways after a short period out of service. Part of the St. Stephen-Calais-Woodland branch; leased from Woodland Rail. Baring Railroad Bridge 45°8′3.84″N 67°24′15.48″W / 45.1344000°N 67.4043000°W / 45.1344000; -67.4043000
St. Stephen (Milltown) Calais The American stretch between Baring and Calais is isolated from the U.S. rail network, and trains in the U.S. must switch direction and cross this bridge into Canada to connect with the rest of the U.S. rail network. The line was disconnected from the U.S. network when Guilford Rail (Pan-Am Railways) abandoned the connecting line to Bangor in 1989; those rails were intact until torn up in the late 2000s. Part of the St. Stephen-Calais-Woodland branch; leased from Woodland Rail on the U.S. side. Salmon Falls Railroad Bridge 45°10′29.28″N 67°17′29.40″W / 45.1748000°N 67.2915000°W / 45.1748000; -67.2915000

Ferry crossings Edit

Ferry departing Wolfe Island, ON for Cape Vincent, NY

This list is of point-to-point international ferry services, including those for road vehicles, passengers and rail. Other marine ports of entry are not included.

Ferry Terminal
Waterway U.S.
Ferry Terminal
Code State Ferry Company / Vessel Notes
Prince Rupert British Columbia Inside Passage / Dixon Entrance Ketchikan / Juneau KET
Alaska Alaska Marine Highway Alaska Marine Highway also operates vehicle ferries between Ketchikan, Alaska and Bellingham, Washington, and Alaska Rail Marine operates train ferries between Whittier, Alaska and Seattle, Washington through the Inside Passage of British Columbia without docking at Canadian ports. For the 2023 season, Alaska Marine Highway is not servicing Bellingham or Prince Rupert.[8]
Victoria Strait of Juan de Fuca Port Angeles PNG Washington Blackball Transport

[M/V Coho]

Seattle SEA Clipper Navigation Passengers only.[9]
Sidney San Juan Islands Anacortes ANA Washington State Ferries The Sidney to Anacortes ferry was suspended in 2020 due to COVID-19 concerns, and is not expected to resume until 2030 due to ship and crew shortages.[10]
Waterton Park Alberta Waterton Lake Goat Haunt Ranger Station Montana Waterton Shoreline Cruise Scheduled passenger trips originating in Canada from the end of May to mid-September stop at the U.S. station, which is accessed in Glacier National Park only by hiking trails.
Walpole Island Ontario St. Clair River Algonac AGN Michigan Walpole–Algonac Ferry
Windsor Detroit River Detroit DCA
Detroit–Windsor Truck Ferry
Pelee Lake Erie Sandusky SDY Ohio Ontario Ferries[11] Seasonal: April to mid-September.
Wolfe Island St. Lawrence River Cape Vincent CAP New York Cape Vincent-Wolfe Island Ferry Seasonal: May 1 to October 15.
Deer Island New Brunswick Passamaquoddy Bay

(Head Harbour Passage)

Eastport EPM Maine Cummings Cove to Eastport Ferry Seasonal: mid-June to mid-September. This ferry is permanently out of service.[12]
Yarmouth Nova Scotia Gulf of Maine Bar Harbor BHM Bay Ferries Seasonal: late-May to mid-October.

Closed land ports of entry Edit

Closed border station in Listerville, New Brunswick

This list includes only those crossings known to have had customs or immigration services at the border, but are now inactive. They are listed in order from west to east. Roads that are unattended, but otherwise still functioning are listed under the Unstaffed Road Crossings section.

Port of Entry
Road/ Highway
United States
Port of Entry
United States
Road/ Highway
State Notes Photo Coordinates
Boundary Bay 67 Street British Columbia Point Roberts Meadow Lane Washington A former border crossing, permanently closed in 1975 when the Tyee Road border crossing was expanded.[13] The former Canada border station remains and has been refurbished, located on the eastern side of the peninsula.
49°0′7.20″N 123°4′14.0″W / 49.0020000°N 123.070556°W / 49.0020000; -123.070556
Maple Falls Road South Pass Road A former border crossing between Columbia Valley and Silver Lake. Access to the Canadian side was formerly only possible through Washington State. 49°0′7.20″N 122°2′16.80″W / 49.0020000°N 122.0380000°W / 49.0020000; -122.0380000
Chopaka West Chopaka Road Nighthawk West Chopaka Road Canada periodically provided border services at this crossing on Chopaka Road on the foothills west of the Similkameen River until the US barricaded the road in 1964. The Government of Canada still owns the property at the border. A branch of the Great Northern Railway once crossed the border at this location, but was abandoned in the late 1930s, around the time when the US stopped providing border inspections at the location.[14] 49°0′0″N 119°43′33.4″W / 49.00000°N 119.725944°W / 49.00000; -119.725944
Sidley County Route 4777 Richard G. Sidley was Territorial Police and Customs Collector 1889–1907. Office replaced by Bridesville.[15][16] 48°59′59″N 119°15′28″W / 48.99972°N 119.25778°W / 48.99972; -119.25778
Bridesville Old Molson Road Molson Old Railroad Road Both were stations on the VV&E, a Great Northern Railway subsidiary. The rail track between Molson and Midway was lifted in 1936. The Bridesville customs office was established in 1907 and closed in 1939.[17] Molson ceased as a port of entry in 1941.[18] The former Customs and Immigration building is included in a museum display at Molson.
49°0′0.72″N 119°10′45.84″W / 49.0002000°N 119.1794000°W / 49.0002000; -119.1794000
Myncaster Myncaster Road Chesaw Bolster Road The Myncaster customs office, which handled both road and rail traffic, existed 1907–1937. Myncaster was a station on the VV&E, a Great Northern Railway subsidiary. The rail track, which did not cross the border at this location, was lifted between Molson and Midway in 1936.[19] The US ended customs services around 1955. In 1990, the crossing temporarily re-opened to permit the passage of draft horses for competitions in the area, with crossing into Canada permitted on May 14 and crossing into the US permitted on June 9.[20][21]
49°0′0.00″N 119°1′18.12″W / 49.0000000°N 119.0217000°W / 49.0000000; -119.0217000
Newgate Dorr Road Gateway Montana This crossing was on the eastern bank of the Kootenay River at the boundary. Customs operations, which began in 1902, inspected both traffic on the river and the adjacent Great Northern Railway branch. The US closed its Customs office when rail service ended in 1935, with officers relocating to the busier Roosville crossing about 5.4 miles (8.7 km) eastward. The railroad tracks were removed in 1938, and Canada closed its customs office in 1939.[22] The U.S. Post Office closed in 1950 and, what was left of the town was inundated by water in 1975 with the completion of the Libby Dam, which created Lake Koocanusa.[23] 49°0′3.96″N 114°28′42.24″W / 49.0011000°N 114.4784000°W / 49.0011000; -114.4784000
Flathead Flathead Rd Trailcreek North Fork Rd This crossing was adjacent to the Flathead River. Canada operated a station about a mile north of the border 1904–1905 and closer to the border 1914–1923, 1926, 1931–1941 and from the mid-1940s.[24] In the 1970s, both the US and Canada constructed new border facilities to better accommodate regular recreational traffic. The crossing closed in 1996 due to flooding of the road just north of the border,[25] and the road is now gated. Both the US and Canada station buildings remain.
49°0′3.96″N 114°28′42.24″W / 49.0011000°N 114.4784000°W / 49.0011000; -114.4784000
Whiskey Gap Emigrant Gap Road Alberta Emigrant Gap Emigrant Gap Road The Canadian port was originally called Fareham. It opened in 1932, but closed in 1939 when the highway through Del Bonita opened. It was once a favorite place to smuggle alcohol from the US into Alberta during its period of prohibition from 1916 to 1923, then from Canada during the US prohibition, which ended in 1933.[26] 48°59′54.60″N 113°5′46.68″W / 48.9985000°N 113.0963000°W / 48.9985000; -113.0963000
Pinhorn Township Road 12 Laird Laird Road Canadian port of entry opened in 1913, and closed in 1929. Customs staff moved the office to Aden, Alberta without authorization, but Canada Customs decided that was a better location anyway.[27] 48°59′52.44″N 110°59′25.08″W / 48.9979000°N 110.9903000°W / 48.9979000; -110.9903000
Big Beaver Hwy 34 Saskatchewan Whitetail MT 511 The Big Beaver-Whitetail crossing was established in 1951, where traffic was never extensive. In 2009, the US would plan to use Recovery Act funds to upgrade its Whitetail border station. However, at the same time, Canada would to be planning to close its Big Beaver station. CNN ran a story on how wasteful it would be to spend millions at this crossing. The reporter sat in the middle of the empty roadway during the report.[28] Canada permanently closed their crossing on April 1, 2011, making it a southbound-only crossing. The U.S. POE closed on January 26, 2013.[29] Canada demolished the Big Beaver border station soon after closure. The U.S. border station remains, though the roadway has been barricaded.
48°59′57.4″N 105°09′44.4″W / 48.999278°N 105.162333°W / 48.999278; -105.162333
Beaubier Saskatchewan Highway 707 Saskatchewan Westby North Westby Road The port of Westby, Montana was established in 1919, and was revoked by Executive Order 9382 on September 23, 1943. Shortly before being designated a POE, the town of Westby moved a short distance from North Dakota into Montana to be closer to a new rail spur, and to be in a state that permitted the sale of alcohol.[30] 48°59′59.9″N 104°04′41.4″W / 48.999972°N 104.078167°W / 48.999972; -104.078167
Northgate Hwy 9 Saskatchewan Northgate ND 8 North Dakota This border crossing was established in 1913 to serve both highway and rail traffic. The US and Canadian Ports of Entry were abandoned when the highway was rebuilt about a half mile west of town in 1962. The former US border station was demolished in 2015, and the border community is a virtual ghost town.[31] The building that once served as the Canadian border station remains.
48°59′55.68″N 102°15′58.32″W / 48.9988000°N 102.2662000°W / 48.9988000; -102.2662000
West Lynne (Emerson West) 5th Street Manitoba Pembina US 81 This crossing on the Meridian Highway, whose other end was at the Mexico–United States border in Laredo, Texas, was moderately trafficked through the 1950s, but it was closed in 1964 when Interstate 29 and Manitoba Highway 29 were built immediately to the west. The Canadian and US border stations were demolished, but the concrete slabs on which they stood remain.[32] All road traffic must now use the modern Pembina–Emerson Border Crossing.
49°0′1.44″N 97°14′6.36″W / 49.0004000°N 97.2351000°W / 49.0004000; -97.2351000
Emerson East PTH 75 Manitoba Noyes US 75 Minnesota Throughout the early 20th century, this was among the busiest U.S.-Canada border crossings. It was the point at which the Jefferson Highway intersected the international boundary and for a few years was adorned with an elaborate archway. Traffic waned with the 1964 opening of Interstate 29 two miles to the west. The crossing was closed by Canada in 2003 (where traffic was permitted southbound only) and then by the U.S. in 2006. All road traffic must now use the Pembina–Emerson Border Crossing.
49°0′0.00″N 97°12′26.28″W / 49.0000000°N 97.2073000°W / 49.0000000; -97.2073000
Pigeon River Old Border Rd (formerly Ontario Highway 61) Ontario Pigeon River CR 89 (formerly MN 1 (1920) and US 61) Formerly called Sextus City. The Outlaw Bridge as it was known, was built in 1917. It was closed in 1961 when a new bridge and border station were built in Grand Portage, Minnesota about 6 miles to the east. The old bridge, store, hotel and both border stations have all been demolished.
48°0′37.44″N 89°42′29.88″W / 48.0104000°N 89.7083000°W / 48.0104000; -89.7083000
Niagara Falls River Road Niagara Falls Niagara Street New York The Honeymoon Bridge collapsed on January 27, 1938, after an ice jam undermined the structure. A new bridge named the Rainbow Bridge was built a short distance to the north, and new border inspection facilities were built on both sides.
43°5′20.4″N 79°4′8.4″W / 43.089000°N 79.069000°W / 43.089000; -79.069000
Queenston Niagara Regional Road 81 Lewiston Robert Moses State Parkway The Queenston-Lewiston suspension bridge was replaced by the transverse-named Lewiston–Queenston Bridge in 1962, which was built about 0.7 miles (1.1 km) to the south. The bridge had a single line trolley track of the Niagara Gorge Railroad in the center of 3 lanes. The US inspection plaza has been transformed into the Earl W. Brydges Artpark State Park.
43°09′43″N 79°2′47.6″W / 43.16194°N 79.046556°W / 43.16194; -79.046556
Cornwall Highway 138 Massena NY 37 The Canadian port of entry on Cornwall Island was closed June 1, 2009, due to a disagreement between the Mohawk Nation of Akwesasne and the Canada Border Services Agency regarding the arming of border services officers. A temporary port of entry was opened July 13, 2009, at the north end of the Seaway International Bridge north (high) span; it was used until the current "interim" port of entry was opened January 24, 2014. The old border station on Cornwall Island was demolished in July 2015.
44°59′26.37″N 74°44′22.26″W / 44.9906583°N 74.7395167°W / 44.9906583; -74.7395167
Jamieson's Line Chemin Jamieson Québec Jamieson Line County Road 29 The Canadian port of entry was permanently closed on April 1, 2011. For three years, this was a one-way crossing, with travelers able to enter the U.S. but not Canada at this location. Finally, the U.S. port of entry closed August 21, 2014. Both the US and Canada border stations have since been demolished.
44°59′30.26″N 74°10′28.78″W / 44.9917389°N 74.1746611°W / 44.9917389; -74.1746611
Roxham Road Rang Roxham Roxham Road Roxham Road The Canadian port of entry operated until the late 1950s and the building is now a private residence. The US never had a border station at this location. This crossing has been barricaded since the 1970s. In recent years, thousands of migrants have made unauthorized entry into Canada on foot at this location so they can request asylum.[33] RCMP has established temporary facilities at this crossing to aid in processing the surge in asylum seekers.[34]
45°0′25.56″N 73°31′1.92″W / 45.0071000°N 73.5172000°W / 45.0071000; -73.5172000
Blackpool Chemin Ridge Champlain US 9 The border crossing on US 9 closed in 1967 when I-87 was completed immediately to the west. The last border station at this crossing was built in 1950 and was demolished soon after it closed in 1967.
45°0′32.76″N 73°26′30.84″W / 45.0091000°N 73.4419000°W / 45.0091000; -73.4419000
Saint-Bernard-de-Lacolle - 217 Route 217 Meridian Road Meridian Road The port of entry on Meridian Road closed around 1950. The Canada border station was demolished in the mid 1950s. The USDA has since used the old US border station as an office,[35] and the US Government at one time offered it for sale.[36]
45°0′32.76″N 73°26′30.48″W / 45.0091000°N 73.4418000°W / 45.0091000; -73.4418000
Highwater Chemin Lafond North Troy Space Research Corporation Road Vermont In the 1960s and 1970s, Space Research Corporation founder Gerald Bull built his company on property his family owned on both sides of the border. As the company began building military weapons, the US established a border inspection station outside the company's south gate to inspect southbound traffic. This station also enabled US workers to legally return home after work without having to go through the North Troy border crossing, and it was not for use by the general public. Canada did not have a border station on the company's north gate. The SRC facility (and the Customs station) closed in 1980 when Bull was convicted of violating an arms embargo against South Africa.[37] Bull was assassinated in 1990. 45°0′30.60″N 72°26′58.20″W / 45.0085000°N 72.4495000°W / 45.0085000; -72.4495000
Mansonville Chemin du Pont-Couvert North Troy Douglas Road Also known as "Province Hill", Canada Customs closed this office around 1972. The building is now purple and privately owned, but in the 1980s it was rented as a vacation home.[38] Prior to its construction in the 1960s, Canada Customs operated out of a line house across the street. This building was separated, moved about a half mile North and used as cottages.[39] The US did not have a border station at this crossing; persons entering were expected to travel to the North Troy border station for inspection.
45°0′22.68″N 72°22′28.92″W / 45.0063000°N 72.3747000°W / 45.0063000; -72.3747000
Leadville Chemin des Parulines Newport Leadville Road Canada Customs had a station from the mid-1930s to 1939, then reopened in 1948. It was replaced with a new border station in the mid-1950s, which permanently closed on March 31, 1969.[40] The Canada border station was converted into a private home that has been updated substantially. There was no US border station at this location; persons entering the US here were expected to travel to the US Customs office at 70 Main Street, Newport, VT to report for inspection. That office closed in 1972, and the road was barricaded. Today the former US Customs office is home to Northeast Kingdom Community Action.
45°0′15.12″N 72°16′28.56″W / 45.0042000°N 72.2746000°W / 45.0042000; -72.2746000
Leadville Chemin de Leadville Newport Lake Road Although this was a busy road with many lakeside homes, neither the US nor Canada had a border station here. Persons entering the US here were expected to travel to the US Customs office at 70 Main Street, Newport, VT to report for inspection. That office closed in 1972, and the road was barricaded at the border at that time.
45°0′15.84″N 72°15′30.60″W / 45.0044000°N 72.2585000°W / 45.0044000; -72.2585000
Lineboro Chemin de Nord Derby North Derby North Derby Road Canada provided Customs service at this road and rail crossing 1932-1937 and 1949–1953. The U.S. never had Customs services here. Persons entering the US at this location were expected to travel to the US Customs office at 70 Main Street, Newport, VT to report for inspection. That office closed in 1972, and the road was barricaded at the border at that time. Today the Canada border station is a private home.[41]
45°0′21.10″N 72°10′19.20″W / 45.0058611°N 72.1720000°W / 45.0058611; -72.1720000
Stanhope Rue Principale Norton Nelson Road Historically, signs directed travelers to report directly to the staffed Stanhope-Norton border station. It has been barricaded since 2015. This crossing is the site of an international general store and post office, which closed around 2002.
45°0′38.16″N 71°47′55.32″W / 45.0106000°N 71.7987000°W / 45.0106000; -71.7987000
Daaquam Rang Sainte-Marie Daaquam American Realty Road Maine Crossing which mostly served the logging industry closed in 2004 when regular customs service was moved to St. Juste. The road is now barricaded.
46°35′53.16″N 70°1′4.80″W / 46.5981000°N 70.0180000°W / 46.5981000; -70.0180000
Grand Falls Caswell Road New Brunswick Caswell (unnamed road) The US operated a border inspection station between 1936 and 1953. The General Services Administration purchased approximately a half acre of land in 1931, and constructed a red brick border station. The property was sold by the US government on October 13, 1954,[42] and although the sale included the brick building, it has since been demolished. The parcel, and the road leading to the border from Route 1A are now private property. It is not known if Canada had a border station on Caswell Road. 47°02′29.7″N 67°47′24.2″W / 47.041583°N 67.790056°W / 47.041583; -67.790056
Four Falls Brown Road East Road Russell Road Canada still provides Customs services seasonally, but US-bound traffic is prohibited, and has been since the US border station closed in the 1960s. However until 2008, US-bound traffic was permitted to use the road to the Aroostook Valley Country Club, which is in both countries. Several Canadian properties can only be accessed via the US part of the road, which pre-dates the establishment of the border; several residents have experienced harassment from U.S. Border Patrol officers since 9/11.[43][44]
46°49′24.21″N 67°47′22.65″W / 46.8233917°N 67.7896250°W / 46.8233917; -67.7896250
Tinker Tinker Road Fort Fairfield Aroostook Falls Road The US operated a border station at this crossing from 1941 to 1953. It was located about 500 feet west of the Canada–US border, with a private home standing between it and the border. The General Services Administration purchased the property for the border station on May 20, 1940, and placed a portable building on the property. GSA removed the building and sold the property on October 21, 1955.[45] In 1970, The Canadian Magazine declared this crossing "The best place to sneak across the border,"[46] The road was barricaded around 1976. The Aroostook River flood of 1994 killed 2 Canadian Customs officers whose vehicle was swept into a ditch by rising flood waters at this crossing.[47] 46°47′36.24″N 67°47′22.56″W / 46.7934000°N 67.7896000°W / 46.7934000; -67.7896000
Hillandale Reid Road Monson Hill Dorsey Road This crossing closed in the 1940s. Aside from some light fixtures, no signs of the border crossing remains. 46°42′7.20″N 67°47′20.04″W / 46.7020000°N 67.7889000°W / 46.7020000; -67.7889000
Beaconsfield Nicholson Road Easton Curtis Road Canada stopped providing Customs services in the late 1950s and erected a sign directing travelers to the nearest open crossing. The US moved its border services to the Rivière de Chute crossing from a more central location on Ladner Road. The crossing was barricaded in the 1980s.
46°39′9.36″N 67°47′18.96″W / 46.6526000°N 67.7886000°W / 46.6526000; -67.7886000
Listerville Mars Hill Road Mars Hill Knoxford Line Road Border inspection services were established in 1939, and closed in 1976. The US crossing was also known as Knoxford Line and was housed in a temporary trailer. The General Services Administration deemed the US border station property to be excess on November 3, 1977, and it was subsequently sold.[48] The Canada border station has been renovated and today it serves as a private home.
46°34′9.12″N 67°47′15.00″W / 46.5692000°N 67.7875000°W / 46.5692000; -67.7875000
Upper Royalton Brown Road Blaine Brown Road This crossing was generally known as "Brown Road" on both sides of the border. The US border station was housed in a temporary trailer. It existed for only a few years, from 1941 to 1952. The US sold the 1 acre border station site on May 22, 1953.[49]
46°30′13.6″N 67°47′09.6″W / 46.503778°N 67.786000°W / 46.503778; -67.786000
Jackson Falls Foxcroft Road Littleton Foxcroft Road This crossing, known as "Starkey Corners" opened in 1936, and was permanently closed on May 19, 1962. The General Services Administration purchased the US border station property on May 20, 1932, and sold it (building included) on January 26, 1966.[50] The US border station is now a private home. The Canadian station was demolished in the late 1960s.
46°13′3.00″N 67°46′54.12″W / 46.2175000°N 67.7817000°W / 46.2175000; -67.7817000
Woodstock Old Houlton Road Houlton US 2 Prior to the 1950s, the Canadian road to this crossing traversed a steep hill at the border, which caused problems for winter travelers. Around 1952, Canada excavated much of the hill and built a new inspection plaza on relatively level ground. This border crossing was closed in 1985 when I-95 was completed immediately to the north.[51] The Canada border station, which was sometimes called Richmond Road, was demolished. The US border station and adjacent staff residences remain in disrepair.
46°8′0.00″N 67°46′52.32″W / 46.1333333°N 67.7812000°W / 46.1333333; -67.7812000
Union Corner Green Road East Hodgdon Boundary Line Road This border crossing, known as "Union Corner", was permanently closed on May 19, 1962. The General Services Administration sold the US border station on August 16, 1965,[52] and it has since been used as a private home. The Canadian station was torn down in the late 1960s.
46°3′14.40″N 67°46′51.60″W / 46.0540000°N 67.7810000°W / 46.0540000; -67.7810000
Monument Amity Road North Amity Monument Road The US purchased 12,580 square feet of land on the south side of Monument Road on May 25, 1932, and spent $5,625 to erect a red brick border station, which saw little traffic. This crossing was about 2000 feet north of Monument #1, which marks the beginning of the land border between the US and Canada. On February 19, 1949, the US sold the property and the border station. The building has since been demolished. 45°56′56.1″N 67°46′52.5″W / 45.948917°N 67.781250°W / 45.948917; -67.781250
Upper Mills Hall Road Baring Front Street This crossing closed in 1948 when the bridge was deemed unsafe. It was dismantled soon thereafter. The US did not have a Customs station at this crossing. 45°8′12.48″N 67°19′5.88″W / 45.1368000°N 67.3183000°W / 45.1368000; -67.3183000
St. Stephen Route 170 Calais Todd Street This crossing, also known as "Union Bridge", closed in 1961 when the bridge was deemed unsafe. It was dismantled in April 1963, and two men drowned in the process.[53] The US border station property was sold on May 14, 1962, and still stands as a private residence. The former Canadian border station on Milltown Boulevard in St. Stephen likewise is serving as a private home.
45°11′00.2″N 67°17′29.6″W / 45.183389°N 67.291556°W / 45.183389; -67.291556

See also Edit

Footnotes Edit

  1. ^ "9 FAM 102.5 POST CODES; NATIONALITY CODES; AND PORT-OF-ENTRY CODES". Retrieved April 16, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "CBP finalizes hours for Lancaster and Roseau Ports of Entry". U.S. Border Customs and Protection. December 12, 2017.
  3. ^ "Buffalo and Fort Erie Public Bridge Authority".
  4. ^ (accessed 2016-12-30)
  5. ^ "Travellers – Pilot Project for Travellers in Remote Areas – Quebec". June 20, 2014.
  6. ^ CLUI. "Chapter 3: The 45th Parallel United Divide: A Linear Portrait Of The Usa/Canada Border". The Center for Land Use Interpretation. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  7. ^ "Canada PCT Entry Permit". Pacific Crest Trail Association. Retrieved October 2, 2021.
  8. ^ "Route Guide". Alaska Marine Highway System.
  9. ^ "Seattle-Victoria Ferry". Clipper Vacations. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  10. ^ "Sidney-Anacortes Ferry Service Not Expected To Resume Until 2030". Business Examiner.
  11. ^ "Welcome to the MV Jiimaan". Archived from the original on December 19, 2010. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
  12. ^ "Quoddy Loop Ferry Services".
  13. ^ Saba, Anne (October 1999), "Point Roberts, WA - Then and Now", US Customs Today.
  14. ^ Ann Briley (April 12, 2011). "Chopaka: The early days". BC Local News. Black Press Media. Archived from the original on December 30, 2014. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  15. ^ Legg 1962, p. 230–233.
  16. ^ "Sidley B.C. 1895-1912".
  17. ^ Legg 1962, p. 33.
  18. ^ 6 FR 705, Federal Register, February 1, 1941.
  19. ^ Legg 1962, pp. 178–179.
  20. ^ Camp, Al (June 20, 1990). "Border Crossing Diplomacy Opens Way for Canadians." The Omak-Okanogan County Chronicle.
  21. ^ "Horsemen Get Unused Border Crossing Opened". The Seattle Times. June 9, 1990. Retrieved October 2, 2021.
  22. ^ Legg 1962, pp. 111–114.
  23. ^ S, Gary (May 17, 2017). "Gateway, Montana". Flickr (Photograph). Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  24. ^ Legg 1962, pp. 92–94.
  25. ^ Michael Jamison of the Missoulian (April 11, 2002). "Bust near Glacier nets 120 pounds of pot". Retrieved March 2, 2011.
  26. ^ Legg 1962, pp. 271–272.
  27. ^ Legg 1962, p. 206.
  28. ^ Griffin, Drew; Johnston, Kathleen. "Feds plan to spend millions on remote Montana border posts". CNN. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
  29. ^ CBP (January 25, 2013). "CBP Announces Closure of Port of Whitetail, Montana". U.S. Customs and Border Patrol. Washington: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Archived from the original on June 26, 2013. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  30. ^ Wick, Douglas A. "Westby (Divide County)". North Dakota Place Names. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
  31. ^ Larson, Troy (May 19, 2010). "Northgate, ND." GhostsofNorthDakota. Sonic Tremor Media. Archived from the original on September 8, 2011. Retrieved on April 12, 2014.
  32. ^ Larson, Troy (April 15, 2015). "History Appreciation In Pembina". GhostsofNorthDakota. Sonic Tremor Media. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  33. ^ Ross, Selena (April 17, 2019). "In a twist, Canada asks U.S. for help cracking down at its southern border". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  34. ^ "Why Illegal border-crossers to Canada target Roxham Road". CBC News: The National. CBC/Radio-Canada. September 26, 2017.
  35. ^ Maisel, Albert Q. (November 17, 1953). "Aliens Are Swarming Over Our Unguarded Northern Border." Look Magazine, New York. p. 75.
  36. ^ "Former Agricultural Inspection Border Station". LoopNet (Property listing). Retrieved March 2, 2011.
  37. ^ Fried, Joseph P. (March 25, 1990). "Gerald Bull, 62, Shot in Belgium; Scientist Who Violated Arms Law". The New York Times. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  38. ^ O'Neill, Thomas (1984). Lakes, Peaks and Prairies - Discovering the United States-Canada Border, with photography by M. Yamashita. National Geographic Society. p. 53. ISBN 0-87044-478-6.
  39. ^ Bailey, Merton (1982). Border Crossings of Potton Township. p.A5.
  40. ^ "Mansonville Chamber of Commerce Annual Meeting reviews activities". Granby Leader-Mail (News clipping). June 4, 1969. p. 11. Retrieved April 15, 2020 – via Google News Newspapers.
  41. ^ Farfan, Matthew (2009). The Vermont-Quebec Border - Life on the Line. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 82.
  42. ^ General Services Administration, Record Group 121 (October 13, 1954). US Border Station - former - Mars Hill, ME. Waltham, MA. National Archives Identifier: 1271926.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  43. ^ CBC New Brunswick (April 1, 2003). "Orange alert on the Pedersen farm". CBC News. CBC/Radio-Canada.
  44. ^ CBC New Brunswick (June 27, 2008). "Golfers' drive out of bounds, say U.S. officials". CBC News. CBC/Radio-Canada.
  45. ^ General Services Administration, Record Group 269 (October 21, 1955). Aroostook Falls Road Border Station - Fort Fairfield, ME. Waltham, MA: National Archives Identifier: 659904.
  46. ^ "All About the Border". The Canadian Magazine: 16. September 5, 1970.
  47. ^ Anderson, David (April 18, 1994). House of Commons. [transcript]. Ottawa.
  48. ^ General Services Administration, Record Group 269 (November 3, 1977). US Border Station - former - Mars Hill, ME. Waltham, MA: National Archives Identifier: 4723630.
  49. ^ General Services Administration, Record Group 121 (May 22, 1941). Brown Road Border Station, Blaine, ME. Waltham, MA: National Archives Identifier: 1271888.
  50. ^ General Services Administration, Record Group 291 (January 26, 1966). Border Station - Littleton, ME - [Project #] T-Maine-524. Waltham, MA: National Archives Identifier: 1143714.
  51. ^ Hill, Tamra (October 26, 1985). "Border Station Dedicated". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
  52. ^ General Services Administration, Record Group 269 (August 16, 1965). Border Station (former) - Hodgdon, ME. Waltham, MA: National Archives Identifier: 660339.
  53. ^ "2 Men Drown, 3 Rescued in St. Croix River Tragedy". Calais Advertiser. April 11, 1963.

References Edit

  • Legg, Herbert (1962). Customs Services in Western Canada, 1867–1925. The Creston Review Ltd.

External links Edit