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Navlakha Temple, Ghumli

Navlakha Temple, Ghumli
Navlakha Temple

Navlakha Temple at Ghumli is a 12th Century temple built by Jethwa rulers.[1]



Navalakha Temple plan
Navalakha Temple, ruins in 19th-century, 1876

Navlakha Temple at Ghumli was built by Jethwa rulers in 11th century dedicated to Sun god, Surya and is oldest sun temple of Gujarat.[1] It has the largest base (Uagati) of the temples in Gujarat, measuring 45.72 x 30.48 m. Facing East, it had a beautiful entrance arch or Kirti Toran, that is now lost. The sanctum sanctorum (garbhagriha), covered pradakshina path, large gathering hall and its three shringar chokis are eye catching. On the surrounding walking path we find three directions with balconies. The mandapa has eight-sided pillars for support. In the small niches we find sculptures. The entrances are two storied. At the back wall of the temple we find two huge elephants fighting with their trunks. In Bhadra gavaksha there is the image of Brahma-Savitri, in the west is the Shiva-Parvati, to the north is Lakshmi Narayan.

The Navlakha Temple built at a cost of Nine Lacs hence the name Navlakha. It rivals the Somnath Temple and Modhera Sun Temple in its architect and interiors.[2][3][4][5][6][7] The temple is built in Solanki style of architecture and Maru-Gurjara style of architecture[8] have the three entwining tusks of elephants as its trademark and is considered to be high noon of Solanki style of architect.

Outside main temple there is a temple dedicated to Ganesha, popularly known as Ghumali Ganesha Temple. This temple is said to be built in 10th century AD.[9]

The temple was destroyed when Ghumli was sacked by Jadeja Jam Barmaniyaji attacked Ghumli in 1313 to take revenge of defeat of his father Jadeja Jam Unaji, who had come from Sindh and but was defeated in 1309 by Jethwa ruler Rana Bhanji.[10]

Present statusEdit

The Archaeological Survey of India, has taken up rehabilitation of temple and develop the place as site of tourist and historical importance.[11]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Archaeology in India. Archaeological Survey of India. 1950. p. 101.
  2. ^ combination of sculptures and monuments are suggestive of this town was built by Sailyakumar of the Jethwa dynasty of Saurashtra region of Gujarat.
  3. ^ the erstwhile capital of Jethwa, is a historical place located about 35 km from Porbandar
  4. ^ Ordinarily, from the viewpoint of art and architecture the old Somnath temple is considered as the most ancient temple. However, Ghumli has a temple that rivals join to Somnath by nearly 500 years and from the viewpoint of art, it rivals in beauty with the Modhera Sun temple.NAVLAKA MANDIR
  5. ^ Journal of Indian history , Volume 55. 1977. p. 78.
  6. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Káthiáwar
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Concise Classified Dictionary of Hinduism By K. V. Soundara Rajan. p. 15.
  9. ^ [2]
  10. ^ [3] Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Volume 8, 1884
  11. ^ [4]

Coordinates: 21°53′01″N 69°45′42″E / 21.8836°N 69.7617°E / 21.8836; 69.7617