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Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery

Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is an experimental surgical technique whereby "scarless" abdominal operations can be performed with an endoscope passed through a natural orifice (mouth, urethra, anus, etc.) then through an internal incision in the stomach, vagina, bladder or colon, thus avoiding any external incisions or scars.[1][2]

Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery
Endoscopic surgery trocar inserted through the vaginal fornix. The uterus is visible directly above the trocar.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Halim I, Tavakkolizadeh A (August 2008). "NOTES: The next surgical revolution?". International Journal of Surgery. 6 (4): 273–6. doi:10.1016/j.ijsu.2007.10.002. PMID 18614409.
  2. ^ Baron TH (January 2007). "Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery". The British Journal of Surgery. 94 (1): 1–2. doi:10.1002/bjs.5681. PMID 17205508.

3. Minilaparoscopy-assisted natural orifice surgery. Tsin DA, Colombero LT, Lambeck J, Manolas P. JSLS. 2007 Jan-Mar;11(1):24-9. PMID 17651552