The National Unity Front (Spanish: Frente de Unidad Nacional) is a political party in Bolivia. It was founded in late 2003 by Samuel Jorge Doria Medina Auza, who had broken with the Revolutionary Left Movement earlier that year.[5] It has 36 members of the Chamber of Deputies in the Plurinational Legislative Assembly. Despite its substantial share of the urban vote, and 16 former mayors, it does not control any city halls or governorships. The party is closely identified with Doria Medina's cement company Sociedad Boliviana de Cemento (Soboce).[6]

National Unity Front
Frente de Unidad Nacional
LeaderSamuel Doria Medina
Founded12 December 2003; 20 years ago (2003-12-12)
Split fromRevolutionary Left Movement
Political positionCentre[2] to centre-left[2][3]
International affiliationSocialist International[4]
Colorswhite, blue, yellow
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 130
0 / 36

In describing itself, National Unity emphasizes pro-development economic policies and support for democratic governance. Its mission statement calls for "a democratic Bolivia with solidarity, in full development, respectful of human rights, conscious of its diversity, and forging its own destiny".[7] In founding the party, cement magnate Doria Medina called for policies to favor "those entrepreneurs who generate employment and are absent from national decisionmaking".[5] The party seeks to position itself as a moderate third force in Bolivian politics.[8] Its electoral base is the urban middle class.[9]

At the legislative elections in 2005, the party won 7.8% of the popular vote and 8 out of 130 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and one out of 27 seats in the Senate. Its candidate at the presidential elections, Doria Medina, won 7.8% of the popular vote. In the 2009 elections, Medina ran again and won 5.65% of the vote. The party won three seats in the Chamber of Deputies but none in the Senate. As of 2013, Bolivia's Supreme Electoral Tribunal certified a list of 69,844 members, although the party claims to have 120,000 on its rolls.[6]

In the 2010 regional elections, UN formed alliances with Popular Consensus in Cochabamba and Chuquisaca departments (All for Cochabamba (TPC) and We Are All Chuquisaca, respectively), becoming the largest opposition grouping. Running independently, it was the third-largest party in La Paz and Oruro departments. At the municipal level, the party did not win any mayors' races, after gaining control of 16 in 2004.[10] It obtained municipal council representation in La Paz, El Alto, Cochabamba (where candidate Arturo Murillo narrowly failed to win the mayorship but TPC won five of the eleven seats equaling the governing party's share[11]), and Oruro. In El Alto, Soledad Chapetón was narrowly defeated by MAS-IPSP candidate Edgar Patana, while the party won 3 of 11 council seats.[12] As of 2013, Chapetón is the vice president of the party.[6]

In the 2014 general election, the presidential candidate was its party leader Medina, who in this election was the second-most voted with 24.23% and the party won 9 senators and 36 deputies, becoming the main opposition party to Evo Morales' government. In March 2017 National Unity Front was accepted as a member in the Socialist International.[13]

References edit

  1. ^ "Unidad Nacional, el desafío de ser o no un partido-empresa". La Razón | Noticias de Bolivia y el Mundo. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b "UN se define como partido de centro izquierda apuntando a crecer en 2013". (in Spanish). El Diario. 30 December 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Bolivie: Soledad Chapeton, femme, maire, indigène, autre visage de l'opposition". L'Obs (in French). AFP. 1 November 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Full list of member parties and organisations". Socialist International. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  5. ^ a b Lansford, Tom (2012). Political Handbook of the World 2012. SAGE. p. 155. ISBN 9781608719952.
  6. ^ a b c "Unidad Nacional, el desafío de ser o no un partido-empresa". La Razón. 28 July 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  7. ^ "Sostenemos el ideal de una Bolivia democrática y solidaria, en pleno desarrollo, respetuosa de los derechos humanos, consciente de su diversidad y forjadora de su propio destino." Unidad Nacional. "Organización". Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  8. ^ "Bolivia: Opposition acknowledges Evo Morales' victory". M24 Digital. 7 December 2009. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  9. ^ Bustillos Zamorano, Iván (17 November 2013). "Democracia interna en los partidos, la cuenta pendiente". La Razón. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  10. ^ "MAS ganó en 231 alcaldías". Los Tiempos. 16 May 2010. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
  11. ^ "MAS gana alcaldía de Cochabamba y Baldivieso tiene el voto de oro". Los Tiempos. 6 April 2010. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  12. ^ Corte Nacional Electoral, Acto de Computo Nacional Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Resolutions and Decisions of the XXV Congress of the Socialist International" (PDF). Cartagena, Colombia. 2–4 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2021.