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A British 1948 National Insurance stamp, once used to collect contributions to the scheme.

The National Insurance Act 1946 (c 67) was a British Act of Parliament which established a comprehensive system of social security throughout the United Kingdom.


All persons of working age had to pay a weekly contribution and in return were entitled to a wide range of benefits, including Guardian’s (or Orphans) Allowances, Death Grants, Unemployment Benefit, Widow’s Benefits, Sickness Benefit, and Retirement Pension.

Married women and a number of self-employed workers were not included under the schemes.

It followed the Ministry of National Insurance Act 1944 c. 46

Compulsory insurance against unemployment/illness paid by government, employer and worker contributions.


Nevertheless, according to the historian Kenneth O. Morgan, the Act constituted "a measure which provided a comprehensive universal basis for insurance provision that had hitherto been unknown".[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Taylor, David, Mastering Economic and Social History

External linksEdit