National Guard of Hawaii

The National Guard of Hawaii was established by Provisional Government of Hawaii. It was a military branch intended to deal with internal conflict in Hawaii.

National Guard of Hawaii
ActiveJanuary 27, 1893-August 12, 1898
DisbandedAugust 12, 1898
CountryHawaii
AllegianceProvisional Government of Hawaii
Republic of Hawaii
BranchHome Guard
TypeMilitia
RoleInternal conflict
EngagementsLeper War
Uprising of 1895
Commanders
MarshalJohn Harris Soper
MarshalEdward G. Hitchcock
National Guard Company F, 1895

After the overthrow of the Hawaiian Monarchy the Provisional Government of Hawaii was established on January 17, 1893. On January 27, 1893 a military was formed and put under the command of Colonel John Soper. This military consisted of four companies: three National Guard companies and one regular army company. The national guard companies were: the A Company made up of ethnic German volunteers, commanded by Charles W. Zeigler;[1] B Company made up of members of the Honolulu Rifles, commanded by Hugh Gunn; and C Company made up of ethnic Portuguese volunteers, commanded by Joseph M. Camara. The regulars were D company made up, like B Company, from the Honolulu Rifles, commanded by John Good.

The military was active under the Provisional Government of Hawaii where they were activated in the Leprosy War in 1893 and the Republic of Hawaii and were again activated during the 1895 Counter-Revolution in Hawaii in 1895. After Hawaii was annexed becoming the Territory of Hawaii in 1898 the companies entered the Army National Guard system and became part of the Hawaii Army National Guard.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Case, Howard D. (July 26, 1913). "National Guard of Hawaii Today and in the Yesteryears". Honolulu-star Bulletin. p. 9. Retrieved 28 August 2015.