John Harris Soper (1846–1944) was Marshal of the Kingdom of Hawaii during the period of 1884-86 and 1888-90. He was born November 17, 1846, in Plymouth, Devon, England to Thomas Harris Soper and Mary Kipling Soper.[1] A military man, he became Commander-in-chief of military forces of the Provisional Government of Hawaii in 1893; Adjutant General and Chief of Staff during the period of 1894-1907; and retired as Brigadier General of the National Guard of Hawaii in 1907, having previously served in the California National Guard.[2] Also a businessman, he was President of Hawaiian News Company in Honolulu; and also managed Soper, Wright & Company, a sugar plantation, on ʻŌʻōkala, Hawaii.[3][4] He served as honorary vice-president of the Societe des Sauveteurs du Dernier Adieu; and was a member of the Hawaiian Lodge No. 21, F. & A. M. Soper married Mary Elizabeth Wundenberg at Vallejo, California, in 1871; they had five children.[1]

John Harris Soper

Soper died July 26, 1944, in Honolulu.[5]

Queen Liliuokalani's Household Guard being disarmed by Col. Soper following the overthrow of the monarchy in January, 1893.

Partial works

  • 1906, Hawaiian phrase book: na huaolelo a me na olelo kikeke ma ka olelo Beritania a me ka olelo Hawaii


  1. ^ a b Siddall, John William (1917). Men of Hawaii: being a biographical reference library, complete and authentic, of the men of note and substantial achievement in the Hawaiian Islands (Public domain ed.). Honolulu Star-Bulletin. pp. 247. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
  2. ^ Follows, Ronald G. "Monarchs to Missiles: A 75-Year History of Hawaii's National Guard". National Guard Educational Foundation. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
  3. ^ Carroll, Rick (September 1999). Hawaiʻi's best spooky tales 3: more true local spine-tinglers. Bess Press. pp. 46–. ISBN 978-1-57306-100-1. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  4. ^ Dye, Bob (July 1996). Hawaiʻi chronicles: island history from the pages of Honolulu magazine. University of Hawaiʻi Press. p. 198. ISBN 978-0-8248-1829-6. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  5. ^ White, James Terry (1965). The National cyclopaedia of American biography. J. T. White. p. 152.