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National Executive Committee

The National Executive Committee (NEC) is the governing body of the UK Labour Party, setting the overall strategic direction of the party and policy development.

National Executive Committee
Headquarters London, England
Chair
Andy Kerr (CWU)
Vice-Chair
Vacant
Parent organisation
Labour Party
Website Labour’s National Executive Committee

Its composition has changed over the years, and includes representatives of affiliated trade unions, the Parliamentary Labour Party and European Parliamentary Labour Party, constituency Labour parties, and socialist societies, as well as ex officio members such as the Party Leader and Deputy Leader and several of their appointees.

Contents

HistoryEdit

During the 1980s, the NEC had a major role in policy-making and was often at the heart of disputes over party policy. In the Tony Blair era, the committee's role declined and its membership was reformed, but it remains the administrative authority of the party. Its former policy development function is now largely carried out by the National Policy Forum. One of its committees has disciplinary powers including the ability to expel members of the party who have brought it into disrepute or to readmit previously expelled members.

The 2017 Conference saw the creation of 4 additional NEC seats, 1 in the trade union section and 3 in the CLP section. Although the additional union seat was elected at Conference, the extra CLP seats were not elected until January 2018.

The Labour History Archive and Study Centre at the People's History Museum in Manchester has the full run of the minutes of the National Executive Committee in their collection.[1][2]

OrganisationEdit

NEC OfficersEdit

The current Officers of the NEC are:[3]

  • Leader of the Labour Party - Jeremy Corbyn MP
  • Deputy Leader of the Labour Party - Tom Watson MP
  • Chair of the NEC - Andy Kerr (CWU)
  • Vice-Chair of the NEC - Wendy Nichols (Unison)
  • Treasurer of the NEC - Diana Holland
  • Chair of Organisation Committee - Jim Kennedy (Unite)
  • NEC Co-Convenor of the JPC - Cath Speight (GMB)
  • Chair of the Disputes Panel - Vacant[4]
  • Chair of the National Policy Forum (when a member of the NEC) - Ann Black

Joint Policy CommitteeEdit

The Joint Policy Committee is a joint committee and is the steering group of the National Policy Forum. The JPC has strategic oversight of the party's policy development through the rolling Partnership in Power programme.

Chair: Cath Speight (GMB)

NEC sub-committeesEdit

The following are sub-committees of the NEC:[3]

Equalities CommitteeEdit

The Equalities Committee responsibilities and roles include:

  • Women’s recruitment, retention and participation in the Party in elected office and the development of women’s forums at local level
  • Black, Asian and ethnic minority recruitment, retention and participation in the Party
  • Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender representation and participation within the Party
  • Disability access and increased representation and participation of members with disabilities
  • Considering effective Party responses to Employment Framework Directive based on Article 13 (Treaty on European Union) and the European Union Action Programme to Combat Discrimination
  • Responsibility for driving the Party’s equality agenda and the development of an inclusive organisation at all levels
  • Link with Organisation Committee and Young Labour Co-ordinating Committee on issues of age discrimination
  • Biannual women’s forum
  • Biannual ethnic minorities forum

Chair: Keith Birch (UNISON)

Business BoardEdit

The Business Board is responsible for overseeing the business functions of the organisation including the management of the finances.

Chair: Diana Holland (Treasurer)

Audit, Risk Management and Compliance CommitteeEdit

The Audit, Risk Management and Compliance Committee has responsibility for audit and compliance oversight, and is accountable for internal audit procedures providing a systematic approach to risk management in all of the Party’s activities. The Committee ensures that the Labour Party’s financial activities are within the law, and that an effective system of internal control is maintained.

Chair: George Howarth MP

Organisation CommitteeEdit

The Organisation Committee is responsible for party rules and constitution; ensuring parties are operating effectively throughout the country to the highest standards and has overall responsibility for membership, investigations, selections, Conferences, electoral law, boundaries strategy and internal elections.

Chair: Jim Kennedy (Unite)

Disputes PanelEdit

The NEC Disputes Panel is a panel of the NEC Organisation Committee which hears membership appeals; re-admission applications; party disputes and conciliation; minor investigations and local government appeals where referred to the NEC. It operates in a quasi-judicial fashion, conducting hearings and interviews around the country where necessary.

Chair: Vacant[4]

MembershipEdit

As of Annual Conference 2017, the NEC has 39 members elected from the following constituencies:

In addition, the Chief Whip of the Labour Party (currently Nick Brown MP) and the Chair of the Parliamentary Labour Party (currently John Cryer MP) attend ex officio without a vote.

The General Secretary of the Labour Party acts as the non-voting secretary to the NEC.

Current membersEdit

Leader of the Labour Party
Deputy Leader of the Labour Party
Treasurer
Opposition Front Bench
EPLP Leader
Young Labour
  • Lara McNeill
Trade Unions
Socialist Societies and BAME Labour
  • James Asser (Socialist Societies)
  • Keith Vaz MP (BAME Labour)
CLPs
Labour Councillors
PLP/EPLP
Scottish Labour and Welsh Labour

Chair of the Labour PartyEdit

The chair of the party is elected by the NEC from among its own members, and holds office for a calendar year, chairing both NEC meetings and national party conferences.

The name of this post has become confused since 2001 when Labour Party leader Tony Blair appointed Charles Clarke to the courtesy position of "Party Chair" without the NEC or the national conference authorising such a position.[13] The office's name remains "chair of the party" in the Labour Party Constitution, but elsewhere the party presents the position as "Chair of the NEC".[14] Prior to 2001 the position was called "Chair of the Labour Party", and before that "Chairman of the Labour Party".

List of Chairs of the PartyEdit

(Information taken from British Political Facts 1900–1994, Butler & Butler 1994, pp. 144–5, the period down to 1993)

Chairmen of the Annual Conference of the Labour Representation Committee[15]

1900: William Charles Steadman MP
1901: John Hodge
1902: William John Davis
1903: Joseph Nicholas Bell
1904: John Hodge
1905: Arthur Henderson MP

Chairmen of the National Executive Committee of the Labour Representation Committee[16]

1900: William Charles Steadman MP
1901: Allan Gee
1902: Richard Bell MP
1903: John Hodge
1904: David J. Shackleton
1905: Arthur Henderson MP

Chairmen of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party[17]

1906: Arthur Henderson MP
1907: J. J. Stephenson
1908: Walter Hudson MP
1909: John Robert Clynes MP
1910: Keir Hardie MP
1911: William Cornforth Robinson
1912: Ben Turner
1913: George Henry Roberts MP
1914: Tom Fox
1915: No conference held
1916: William Crawford Anderson MP
1917: George Wardle MP (acting)
1917–18: W. F. Purdy
1918–19: John McGurk
1919–20: William Harold Hutchinson
1920–21: Alexander Gordon Cameron
1921–22: Fred Jowett MP
1922–23: Sidney Webb MP
1923–24: Ramsay MacDonald MP
1924–25: Charlie Cramp
1925–26: Robert Williams
1926–27: Frederick Roberts MP[18]
1927–28: George Lansbury MP
1928–29: Herbert Morrison MP
1929–30: Susan Lawrence MP
1930–31: Stanley Hirst
1931–32: George Lathan MP
1932–33: Joseph Compton
1933–34: Walter R. Smith
1934–35: William Albert Robinson
1935–36: Jennie Adamson
1936–37: Hugh Dalton MP
1937–39: George Dallas (no conference in 1938)
1939–40: Barbara Gould
1940–41: James Walker MP
1941–42: Walter Henry Green MP[19]
1942–43: Alfred Dobbs
1943–44: George Ridley MP
1944–45: Ellen Wilkinson MP
1945–46: Harold Laski
1946–47: Philip Noel-Baker MP
1947–48: Emmanuel Shinwell MP
1948–49: Jim Griffiths MP
1949–50: Sam Watson
1950–51: Alice Bacon MP
1951–52: Harry Earnshaw
1952–53: Arthur Greenwood MP
1953–54: Wilfrid Burke MP
1954–55: Edith Summerskill MP
1955–56: Edwin Gooch MP
1956–57: Margaret Herbison MP
1957–58: Tom Driberg
1958–59: Barbara Castle MP
1959–60: George Brinham
1960–61: Richard Crossman MP
1961–62: Harold Wilson MP
1962–63: Dai Davies
1963–64: Anthony Greenwood MP
1964–65: Ray Gunter MP
1965–66: Walter Padley MP
1966–67: John McFarlane Boyd
1967–68: Jennie Lee MP
1968–69: Eirene White MP
1969–70: Arthur Skeffington MP
1970–71: Ian Mikardo MP
1971–72: Tony Benn MP
1972–73: William Simpson
1973–74: James Callaghan MP
1974–75: Fred Mulley MP
1975–76: Tom Bradley MP
1976–77: John Chalmers
1977–78: Joan Lestor MP
1978–79: Frank Allaun MP
1979–80: Lena Jeger
1980–81: Alex Kitson
1981–82: Judith Hart MP
1982–83: Sam McCluskie
1983–84: Eric Heffer MP
1984–85: Alan Hadden
1985–86: Neville Hough
1986–87: Syd Tierney
1987–88: Neil Kinnock MP
1988–89: Dennis Skinner MP
1989–90: Jo Richardson MP
1990–91: Tom Sawyer
1991–92: John Evans MP
1992–93: Tony Clarke
1993–94: David Blunkett MP
1994–95: Gordon Colling
1995–96: Diana Jeuda
1996–97: Robin Cook MP
1997–98: Richard Rosser
1998–99: Brenda Etchells
1999–00: Vernon Hince
2000–01: Maggie Jones
2001–02: Margaret Wall
2002–03: Diana Holland
2003–04: Mary Turner
2004–05: Ian McCartney MP
2005–06: Jeremy Beecham
2006–07: Michael Griffiths
2007–08: Dianne Hayter
2008–09: Cath Speight
2009–10: Ann Black
2010–11: Norma Stephenson
2011–12: Michael Cashman MEP
2012–13: Harriet Yeo
2013–14: Angela Eagle MP
2014–15: Jim Kennedy
2015–16: Paddy Lillis
2016–17: Glenis Willmott MEP
2017–18: Andy Kerr

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archive & Study Centre". People's History Museum. 2015-10-06. Retrieved 2016-07-17. 
  2. ^ Collection Catalogues and Descriptions, People's History Museum 
  3. ^ a b "The committees of the NEC". Labour Party. Retrieved 20 February 2018. 
  4. ^ a b "The dispute over how Labour's disputes are handled". BBC News. 31 March 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  5. ^ "Who's on the NEC?". Labour Party. Retrieved 20 February 2018. 
  6. ^ "Corbynistas and rebels make NEC gains as Skinner steps down". LabourList. 2016-07-04. Retrieved 2016-07-10. 
  7. ^ Topping, Alexandra; Rawlinson, Kevin (7 October 2016). "Full shadow cabinet list revealed". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Conference liveblog: Welsh and Scottish Labour celebrate party reform victory". LabourList. 27 September 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "Jeremy Corbyn's exclusion from Labour leadership vote would be 'sordid fix'". www.theguardian.com. The Guardian. 12 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Anti-Semitism row official Christine Shawcroft quits Labour NEC". BBC News. 31 March 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  11. ^ Pope, Conor (4 July 2016). "Corbynistas and rebels make NEC gains as Skinner steps down". LabourList. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  12. ^ Pope, Conor (29 September 2016). "Labour's ruling body tilts away from Corbyn after new appointments". LabourList. Retrieved 29 September 2016. 
  13. ^ Roy Hattersley (26 July 2001). "Blair mistook his Clarke for a chair". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 May 2007. 
  14. ^ "NEC committees". Labour Party. Archived from the original on 13 July 2007. Retrieved 24 May 2007. 
  15. ^ 'British Political Facts 1900-1994', Butler & Butler 1994, PP144-5
  16. ^ Kevin Jefferys, Leading Labour: From Keir Hardie to Tony Blair, p.4
  17. ^ 'British Political Facts 1900-1994', Butler & Butler 1994, pp.144-5 for the period down to 1993
  18. ^ "Who's Who". Ukwhoswho.com. Retrieved 2012-03-18. 
  19. ^ "Who's Who". Ukwhoswho.com. Retrieved 2012-03-18. 

External linksEdit