National Cadet Corps (Sri Lanka)

The National Cadet Corps (NCC) is a youth organisation in Sri Lanka, sponsored by the Ministry of Defence, which operates in schools, and normally includes Army, Navy and Air Force sections. The corp is open for secondary school students on voluntary basis and its officers are government teachers and educational administrators, who serve as instructors. The Cadets are given basic military training in small arms and parades, as well as leadership training.

NATIONAL CADET CORPS
Active1881 - Present
RoleYouth Development Organization
HeadquartersHQ National Cadet Corps, No 15, Dutugemunu Street, Pamankada, Dehiwala Colombo.
Motto(s)Nonquam non paratus (Latin)
සූදානම් නොවී නොසිටිනු Sudanam Novi Nositinu (Sinhala)
ஆயத்தமில்லாமல் இருக்காதீர்கள் Aayththamillamal irukka therthal (Tamil)
Never be unprepared (English)
නකදාචිද් අසං විහිතඃ (Pali)
Commanders
DirectorMajor General PWB Jayasundara VSV USP ndc

Currently administrated under the Mobilization and Supplementary Forces Act, No. 40 of 1985, it was established in 1881 and was formally known as the Ceylon Cadet Corps. The officers and cadets have no liability for active military service. Officers many volunteer for secondment to the Sri Lanka Armed forces during national emergencies or be mobilized under National Service. Traditionally the Cadet Corps has served as a source for officers for the regular forces of the Sri Lankan military. The NCC is headed by a Director of Major General rank.

MissionEdit

The Mission of the National Cadet Corps is to train and inspire cadets using effective training curriculum, so that each cadet shall develop character, courage, sportsmanship, self-reliance, discipline, and civil mindedness, spirit of adventure, responsibility and comradeship to be a human resource of well-trained youth, capable of providing leadership in all aspects of life.

HistoryEdit

  • 1881 – Mr. John B. Cull, the then principal of Royal College, Colombo formed a cadet platoon as a Volunteer Unit under Ceylon Light Infantry for the students of the Royal College.
  • 1902 – Introduction of Cadet Battalion under CLI (Ceylon Light Infantry) and Major S. M. Baros of CLI became the first Commanding Officer of the Cadet Battalion.
  • 1903-Training was conducted by school teachers and Diyatalawa Volunteer Army training camps were conducted with British and Indian troops.
  • 1917 – The First Hermen Loos (All Island) Camp was held in Diyathalawa. The Champions were Kingswood College, Kandy
  • 1918 – With the recommendation of Brigadier General R. B. Fell (Commander, Ceylon Defence Force), formation of Ceylon Cadet Battalion took place on the two divisions on 4 February 1918.
  • 1948 – Colonel R.J.F. Mendis was appointed as the first Sri Lankan commanding officer of the Ceylon Cadet Battalion.
  • 1971 – Eight officers were mobilised for duties with the Regular Force during the period of JVP insurrection in various parts of the island.
  • 1972 – Ceylon Cadet Corps changed its designation as Sri Lanka Cadet Corps after Ceylon declared itself a Republic.
  • 1981 – Centenary Celebrations of Cadet Corps was held in Colombo.
  • 1985 – Action was taken to amalgamate Sri Lanka Cadet Corps and the Police Cadet Corps under the Manpower Mobilization and Auxiliary Forces Act, No. 40 of 1985.
  • 1985 – Girls Platoons were started in ten main cities of the island.
  • 1988 – Sri Lanka Cadet Corps, which was part of the Sri Lanka Army Volunteer Force changed its designation as the National Cadet Corps, and it was ceremonially inaugurated on 29 April 1988 by His Excellency J. R. Jayewardene, the then President of Sri Lanka under the above Act.[1]
  • 1990 – The National Cadet Corps Training Centre, Rantembe was established on 2 December 1990 by General Cyril Ranathunga, VSV the Secretary, Ministry of Defence.
  • 1995 – A total 98 officers including 25 lady officers were mobilised to serve in the operational areas. Some of them were posted to Army HQ, SLMA, KDA and Sri Lanka Navy for various duties.
  • 2001 – The Ministry of Defence took over Sri Gunalankara Vidyalaya from the Ministry of Education and established the HQ National Cadet Corps at Kalubowila on 18 May 2001.
  • 2006 – 125th Anniversary celebrations.

OrganizationEdit

HeadquartersEdit

Headquarters National Cadet Corps – Colombo

  • General Staff Branch
  • Corps' Secretary Branch
  • Admin Quartering Branch
  • Procurement Branch
  • Finance Branch
  • Headquarters Battalion

BattalionsEdit

National Cadet Corps has 34 Battalions located in;

  • 1st NCC Battalion – Galle
  • 2nd NCC Battalion – Kandy
  • 3rd NCC Battalion – Colombo
  • 4th NCC Battalion – Kurunagala
  • 5th NCC Battalion – Anuradhapura
  • 6th NCC Battalion – Badulla
  • 7th NCC Battalion – Gampaha
  • 8th NCC Battalion – Rathnapura
  • 9th NCC Battalion – Kegalla
  • 10th NCC Battalion – Tangalla
  • 11th NCC Battalion – Polonnaruwa
  • 12th NCC Battalion – Kalutara
  • 13th NCC Battalion – Matale
  • 14th NCC Battalion – Kuliyapitiya
  • 15th NCC Battalion – Monaragala
  • 16th NCC Battalion – Matara
  • 17th NCC Battalion – Ampara
  • 18th NCC Battalion – Nuwara Eliya
  • 19th NCC Battalion – Pannipitiya
  • 20th NCC Battalion – Jaffna
  • 21st NCC Battalion – Trincomalee
  • 22nd NCC Battalion – vavuniya
  • 23rd NCC Battalion – Kundasale
  • 24th NCC Battalion – Debarawewa
  • 25th NCC Girl Battalion – North Western Province
  • 26th NCC Girl Battalion – Western Province
  • 27th NCC Girl Battalion – Southern Province
  • 28th NCC Girl Battalion – Central Province
  • 29th NCC Girl Battalion – Sabaragamuwa Province
  • 30th NCC Girl Battalion – Northern Province
  • 31st NCC Girl Battalion – Eastern Province
  • 32nd NCC Girl Battalion – North Central Province
  • 33rd NCC Girl Battalion – Uwa Province
  • 34th NCC Battalion – Mulathivu
  • 35th NCC Battalion – Puttlam
  • 36th NCC Battalion – Kilinochchi
  • 37th NCC Battalion – Mannar
  • 38th NCC Battalion – Batticoloa
  • NCC Training Centre, Rantambe

TrainingEdit

NCC officers are trained in the National Cadet Corps officers' course at the Volunteer Force Training School, Diyatalawa. All Cadets undergo practical and theoretical training at their platoon and company level in the areas such as Physical Fitness, Foot Drill, Weapon Training and Firing, Map Reading, Field Craft, First Aid, Regimental Duties, Confidence Building Course, Leadership Activities, Fire Fighting, etc. Annually assessment camps at battalion level are held at NCC Training Centre, Rantambe while Naval Cadet assessment camps are held in the Naval and Maritime Academy and Air Force Cadet assessment Camps of the SLAF Diyatalawa.[2] The standard issued service weapon of NCC is the T56-2 variant of the Type 56 assault rifle.

TrophiesEdit

  • Hermann Loos Championship Trophy – awarded annually to the best performing cadet platoon from a boys' school since 1917, named after a senior District Judge of Ceylon[3]
  • De Soysa Champion – awarded annually to the best performing cadet platoon from a girls' school
  • Lt General T I Weeratunga Challenge Sheeld - awarded annually to the best performing Western Cadet Band from a boys school
  • Best Eastern Band Championship Trophy
  • Junior Cadet Championship Trophy (Since 2016)

Training CourseEdit

  • Junior Leadership Course for Cadets & Sramabimani
  • Cadets' Advance Course
  • Probationary Officers' Course
  • Young Officers' Course
  • Officers' Training Course
  • Junior Command Course
  • Senior Command Course
  • Band Platoons Commanders' Course
  • Band NCOs, Course for Cadets
  • Computer Course for Cadets
  • Computer Course for ORs
  • Computer Course for Three Forces and Police Officers
  • English Language course for Cadets
  • English Language Course for ORs
  • English Language Course for Tri-Forces and Police Officers
  • Sinhala Language Course for Cadets
  • Sinhala Language Course for ORs
  • Tamil Language Course for Cadets
  • Tamil Language Course for ORS
  • Tamil Language Course for Tri-Forces and Police Officers
  • Drivers' Course
  • Counselling Course
  • University Entrance Course
  • PSI Course
  • Clerks Course

Ranks within the NCCEdit

Officers

  • Major General
  • Brigadier
  • Colonel
  • Lieutenant Colonel
  • Major
  • Captain
  • Lieutenant
  • 2nd Lieutenant
  • Probationary officer

Cadets

  • Warrant Officer I
  • Warrant Officer II
  • Staff Sergeant
  • Sergeant
  • Corporal
  • Lance Corporal
  • Cadet

Supplementary ranks

  • Regiment Sergeant Major (RSM)
  • Regiment Quarter Master Sergeant (RQMS)
  • Company Sergeant Major (CSM)
  • Company Quarter Master Sergeant (CQMS)
  • Corps Regimental Sergeant Major – Senior Warrant Officer 1 (one in a Corps)
  • Battalion Regimental Sergeant Major – Warrant Officer 1 (one in a battalion)
  • Battalion Regimental Quarter Master Sergeant – Senior Warrant Officer 2 (one in a battalion)
  • Company Sergeant Major – Warrant Officer 2 (one in a Company)
  • Company Quarter Master Sergeant – Staff Sergeant (one in a Company)
  • Sergeant (five in a Company excluding the CSM and CQMS/depend on the platoons in the company)
  • Corporal (fifteen in a Company)
  • Lance Corporal (fifteen in a Company)
  • Cadet

Past Commanding officers (1902-1987)Edit

  • Major SM Borrous 1902–1905
  • Major James Von Langenberg ED CLI 1905–1915
  • Major WE Gratiaen 1916–17
  • Major Edvin Evans 1917–1920
  • Col LMCD Robison ED 1920–1932
  • Col S. A. Pakeman CBE, MC, ED 1932–1938
  • Col Robert Patrick ED 1938–1943
  • Col R.J.F. Mendis OBE ED 1943–1948
  • Lt Col HVC De Silva ED 1948–1951
  • Col R Sabanayagam OBE 1951–1955
  • Bvt Col TN Munasinghe ED 1955–1960
  • Lt Col HCF Abeykoon ED 1960–61
  • Lt Col HSR Gunawardana 1961–1965
  • Lt Col P. D. Ramayanayake 1965–1968
  • Lt Col EA Perusinghe ED 1968–69
  • Bvt Col GW Rajapaksha ED 1969–1973
  • Bvt Col KPG Nilame ED 1973–1977
  • Bvt Col RB Narampanawa ED 1977–1980
  • Bvt Col NBS Balalle 1980–1984
  • Lt Col HKDA Fernando 1984–1987

Past Directors (1988-Present)Edit

  • Maj Gen E. G. Thevanayagam, VSV 1987–1991
  • Col HW Senevirathna (Actg) 1991
  • Brig Justus B Rodrigo, VSV 1991–1994
  • Maj Gen T. N. De Silva, USP 1994–1999
  • Col YL Kulasooriya (Actg) 1999–2000
  • Brig GSM Ranathunga, USP 2000–2002
  • Col RM Somapala (Actg) 2002
  • Maj Gen WR Wijerathne, USP 2002–2004
  • Brig DHMRB Thammita, RSP 2004–05
  • Maj Gen GBW Jayasundara, RWP, RSP 2005–2013
  • Maj Gen HMHA Herath 2013–2015
  • Maj Gen LWCBB Rajaguru, RWP, RSP, USP 2015–16
  • Maj Gen AKP Wickramasinghe, VSV, USP 2016 to 2018
  • Maj Gen MMS Perera 2018 to 2019

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ceylon Cadet Corps
  2. ^ Hermann Loos Championship Trophy ends on Oct 20
  3. ^ "Hermann Loos Championship Trophy". Sunday Times. Retrieved 25 May 2021.

External linksEdit