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Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughluq (reign: 1394 – February 1413 CE) was the last sultan of the Tughlaq dynasty to rule the Islamic Delhi Sultanate.

Sultan of Delhi
Mahmud Shah (2).jpg
Copper Falus
Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate
Reign1394 – 1413
PredecessorAla ud-din Sikandar Shah
SuccessorKhizr Khan
DiedFebruary 1413


During his reign in 1398, Amir Timur the Chagtai ruler invaded India. He carried away with him a large booty from Delhi and the surrounding area. Soon after the invasion, the Tughlaq dynasty came to an end.

"For about three years, from 1394 to 1397 [...] Sultan Mahmud, a grandson of Firuz Shah Tughlaq, was recognized as king in Old Delhi, while his relative Nusrat Shah, claimed similar rank in Firuzabad. "[1]


After the return of Amir Timur, Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughluq (reign: 1394 – February 1413 CE), the last sultan of the Tughlaq dynasty was under the effect of Amir Mallu Iqbal (ruler of the land between river Ganga and Jamuna river). In 1408 Amir Mallu Iqbal attacked the Punjab but was defeated and killed by its ruler Sayyid Khizr Khan. After Mallu's death, Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah returned to Delhi and established his Kingdom with help of Dauwlat Khan Lodi. Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah died in February 1413. Dauwlat Khan Lodi was raised as Sultan of Delhi by the Wazeers and Amirs of the last Tughlaq Sultan Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah. He remained as autonomous King for almost a year. On 28 May 1414, Sayyid Khizr Khan surrounded the city, defeated the Daulat Khan's army and established the Sayyid dynasty. In 1414, the power vacuum created by Timur's invasion was filled by the first Sayyid Sultan.

The succeeding sultan of the Delhi Sultanate was Khizr Khan, the first of the Sayyid dynasty. Sayyid Khizr Khan ibn Malik Sulaiman (reigned 28 May 1414 – 20 May 1421) was the founder of the Sayyid dynasty, the ruling dynasty of the Delhi sultanate, in northern India soon after the invasion of Timur and the fall of the Tughlaq dynasty.[1]

Khizr Khan Sultan of Delhi Khizr Khan (4).jpg Silver Tanka of Khizr Khan INO Muhammad Bin Firoz Reign 28 May 1414 – 20 May 1421 Coronation 28 May 1414 Predecessor Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughluq Successor Mubarak Shah Born unknown Died 20 May 1421 Burial Delhi, India House Sayyid dynasty Khan was Governor of Multan under the Tughlaq ruler, Firuz Shah Tughlaq, and was known to be an able administrator. He did not take up any royal title due to fear of Amir Timur (better known historically as Tamerlane) and contended himself with the titles of Rayat-i-Ala (Sublime Banners) and Masnad-i-Aali or (Most High Post). During his reign, coins were continued to be struck in the name of previous Tughlaq rulers.[2] After his death on 20 May 1421, he was succeeded by his son Mubarak Khan,[3] who took the title of Muizz-ud-Din Mubarak Shah.

Ancestry and early life References Edit

Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 122–123. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
Nelson, Wright [1974], The Coinage & Metrology Of The Sultans Of Dehli, New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd., pp. 239.
Mahajan, V. D. (2007) [1991], History of Medieval India, New Delhi: S. Chand, ISBN 81-219-0364-5, pp. 237-9.
Majumdar, R.C. (ed.) (2006). The Delhi Sultanate, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, pp.125-8

5. Badshah Nama T.S.Marton


  1. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 100–102. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
Preceded by
Nasir ud din Muhammad Shah III
Sultan of Delhi
1394 – 1413
Succeeded by
Khizr Khan,
Sayyid dynasty