OJSC Naftan (Russian: ОАО «Нафтан»; Belarusian: ААТ «Нафтан») is a Belarusian state-owned oil refinery located in Novopolotsk (Navapolatsk) in Vitebsk Region. It is one of the two oil refineries in Belarus.

Naftan (Navapolack) oil refinery and pipelines in Belarus (oil pipelines are in green)

History Edit

The Polotsk oil refinery was constructed in 1958—1963.[1]

The construction of the plant was launched in 1958 by order of the USSR Council of Ministers. Construction was announced by the All-Union shock construction.

On February 9, 1963, the first gasoline was produced at the refinery.[2] In those years, the plant's capacity was designed to process 6 million tons of crude oil per year. It was awarded an Order of the Red Banner of Labour in 1971. In 1976, it was renamed to Novopolotsk oil refinery.[1] On the same year, it was renamed after XXV CPSU congress.[2]

In 1980[1] or 1981,[2] the plant was reorganized into the Novopolotsk production association (PO) "Novopolotsknefteorgsintez" (ПО «Новополоцкнефтеоргсинтез»; Novopolotsk oil and organic synthesis).[1] In the late 1980s, faced the problems of giant emissions into the atmosphere (101.8 thousand tons of only an oil refineries) and difficulties in the construction of new installations. Together with the Novopolotsk Community Communist Party, the plant management opposed attempts by impossible and ill-conceived construction, offering to postpone the installation for 15 kilometers from the city.

Post-soviet years Edit

In 1992, Novopolotsk City Council of People's Deputies decided to renaming and reorganizing "Novopolotsknefteorgsintez" in the production association "Naftan" (Bel. Nafta Navapolatsk). In accordance with the order of the Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Belarus dated August 28, 2002, No. 118, the Republican Unitary Enterprise Novopolotsk Production Association "Naftan" was transformed into an open joint stock company "Naftan".[2] In 2008, Polimir chemical plant was joined to Naftan.[2] OJSC Naftan is part of the Belneftekhim state concern.[3]

Originally, the branch of oil pipeline Druzhba was used to deliver oil from Russian SFSR to the refinery.[1] Railroads are occasionally used to import oil from other sources.[4][5]

Current status Edit

In 2000, the refinery could process up to 12 million tons of crude oil.[1] In 2017, Naftan processed 8.3 million tons of crude oil, producing 2.8 million tons of diesel fuel, 2.1 million tons of fuel oil (masut), 0.8 million tons of gasoline and other products.[2] 40.5% of production was sold in Belarus, 59.5% in other countries (Russia, Ukraine, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, United Kingdom).[2] Its revenue in 2017 was 6,737.5 million BYN (US$3.1 billion), net profit — 8.9 million BYN.[2] 99.83% of OJSC Naftan belongs to the state.[6] Naftan had 9893 workers in 2017.[2]

In the late 2010s, a major reconstruction of Naftan oil refinery started. According to Belneftekhim's official site, over US$1 billion was invested in the reconstruction.[7] As of June 2021, modernization of Naftan hasn't been completed, total amount of investments was estimated at US1.6 billion.[8] As of May 2022, Naftan is processesing 11,700 tonnes[9] of oil per day

Sanctions Edit

On 22 August 2011, the United States issued sanctions on Naftan.[10] They were issued soon after 2010 Belarusian presidential election for human rights violations in Belarus, but they were temporarily suspended in 2015.[11] In 2021, the State Department of the USA announced that the sanctions should be restored due to human rights violations by Alexander Lukashenko. Lukashenko was given opportunity to avoid sanctions by releasing more than 300 political prisoners, stopping violence and starting national dialogue.[12] Later the sanctions against Naftan were indeed renewed.[13][14]

On 20 August 2020 (during 2020—2021 Belarusian protests), Naftan workers started an open letter calling Alexander Lukashenko to resign and new presidential election to be held. The letter was signed by 3238 Naftan employees out of 3500 people participated in the discussion.[15] Later, several most active employees were fired, [16][17] including the leader of the independent trade union branch.[18]

On 25 May 2021, Euroradio.fm noted that Naftan's joint venture with Russian Lukoil producing motor oil, "LLK-Naftan" (Belarusian and Russian: ЛЛК—Нафтан), changed its name to "EddyTek" (ЭддиТек) and slightly changed the structure of ownership: 3% share was transferred from Naftan's 50% to the Navapolack city council. Euroradio assumed that this rebranding was an attempt to get out of sanctions.[19]

In 2022, Naftan was included in the sanctions lists of the EU, Switzerland, Canada and Ukraine.[20]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Наваполацкае вытворчае аб'яднанне "Нафтан" [Navapolack production association "Naftan"] // Беларуская энцыклапедыя [Belarusian Encyclopedia]. Vol. 11. Minsk, 2000. P. 100.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Информационный меморандум
  3. ^ Концерн «Белнефтехим»
  4. ^ Первая партия нефти из США начала поступать на НПЗ «Нафтан» в Новополоцке - «Белнефтехим»
  5. ^ Отправление первого железнодорожного состава с венесуэльской нефтью из Эстонии в Беларусь ожидается 25-27 июля
  6. ^ "Нафтан" выплатит дивиденды за 2019г в размере Br8,5 млн
  8. ^ Нафтан приступил к пусконаладочным операциям на объектах комплекса замедленного коксования
  9. ^ "Operation of Belarusian oil refineries amid Western sanctions explained". eng.belta.by. 2022-04-07. Retrieved 2022-05-31.
  10. ^ Designation of Additional Entities Pursuant to Executive Order 13405
  11. ^ How do you sanction a problem like Lukashenka?
  12. ^ U.S. to Snap Sanctions on Belarus State Companies Amid Crackdown
  13. ^ Issuance of Belarus General License 2H - U.S. Department of the Treasury, official website, 19 April 2021
  14. ^ GENERAL LICENSE NO. 2H Authorizing the Wind Down of Transactions Involving Certain Blocked Entities
  15. ^ На «Нафтане» более 3,2 тысячи человек подписались за отставку Лукашенко. Так будет ли забастовка?
  16. ^ С «Нафтана» уволили шесть человек, заявивших о присоединении к стачке
  17. ^ «Сегодня последний рабочий день». На «Нафтане» увольняют активистку Ольгу Бритикову
  18. ^ Суд отказал в восстановлении на работе уволенной с «Нафтана» активистке Ольге Бритиковой
  19. ^ Прыбралі "НАФТАН": завод памяняў назву і састаў уласнікаў з-за санкцый ЗША
  20. ^ "Naftan OJSC". National Agency for Prevention of Corruption.

External links Edit