Mus musculus domesticus

Mus musculus domesticus, the Western European house mouse, is a subspecies of the house mouse (Mus musculus). Some laboratory mouse strains such as C57BL/6 are domesticated from Mus musculus domesticus.[1]

Mus musculus domesticus
Black 6 mouse eating.jpg
A female C57BL/6 laboratory mouse, which is domesticated from Mus musculus domesticus.[1]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Muridae
Genus: Mus
M. m. domesticus
Trinomial name
Mus musculus domesticus
Schwarz and Schwarz, 1943


In Europe, Mus musculus domesticus lives in Western and Northern Europe, while another subspecies, the Eastern European house mouse (Mus musculus musculus) lives in Eastern Europe and Southern Europe. The area from Scandinavia to the Black Sea is a secondary hybrid zone of Mus musculus domesticus and Mus musculus musculus.[2] Habitats of Mus musculus domesticus also exist in the Middle East, Southern Asia, North Africa, North America, and some areas of Latin America and Oceania.[3]

Relations with humansEdit

Mus musculus domesticus is harmful to humans, for they can damage vegetation and field crops. It is also one of many invasive species.[3][4]


  1. ^ a b Gardiner, Jennifer R.; Swain, Amanda (2015). "Sex Determination and Differentiation". Knobil and Neill's Physiology of Reproduction (4th ed.). Academic Press. pp. 267–292. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-397175-3.00007-7.
  2. ^ Kváč, Martin; McEvoy, John; Loudová, Martina; Stenger, Brianna; Sak, Bohumil; Květoňová, Dana; Ditrich, Oleg; Rašková, Veronika; Moriarty, Elaine; Rost, Michael; Macholán, Miloš; Piálek, Jaroslav (2013). "Coevolution of Cryptosporidium tyzzeri and the house mouse (Mus musculus)". International Journal for Parasitology. 43 (10): 805–817. doi:10.1016/j.ijpara.2013.04.007. ISSN 0020-7519. PMC 4437667. PMID 23791796.
  3. ^ a b "Mus musculus domesticus (mouse)". CABI. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  4. ^ Lippens, C; Estoup, A; Hima, M K; Loiseau, A; Tatard, C; Dalecky, A; Bâ, K; Kane, M; Diallo, M; Sow, A; Niang, Y; Piry, S; Berthier, K; Leblois, R; Duplantier, J-M; Brouat, C (2017). "Genetic structure and invasion history of the house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus) in Senegal, West Africa: a legacy of colonial and contemporary times". Heredity. 119 (2): 64–75. doi:10.1038/hdy.2017.18. ISSN 0018-067X. PMC 5564374. PMID 28353686.