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Helle Crafts (English: / / ⓘ; born Helle Lorck Nielsen; July 7, 1947 – November 19, 1986) was a Danish flight attendant who was murdered by her husband, Eastern Air Lines pilot Richard Crafts. Her death led to the state of Connecticut's first murder conviction without the victim's body.
Helle Lorck Nielsen
July 7, 1947
|Died||November 19, 1986 (aged 39)|
|Known for||Murder victim|
Helle Nielsen married Richard Crafts in 1975 and settled with him in Newtown, Connecticut, United States. Helle continued working as a flight attendant while raising their three children. In 1986, Helle began to suspect that Richard was engaged in extramarital sexual activity, and confronted him about suspicious long-distance phone calls, which angered Richard. Helle met with a divorce attorney and hired a private investigator, Keith Mayo, who snapped photos of Richard kissing another flight attendant outside her New Jersey residence.
On November 18, 1986, friends dropped Helle off at the couple's Newtown residence after she had worked a long flight from Frankfurt, West Germany. She was never seen again. That night, a snowstorm hit the area. The next morning, Richard said he was taking Helle and their children to his sister's house in Westport. When he arrived, Helle was not with him. Over the next few weeks, Richard gave Helle's friends a variety of stories as to why they were unable to reach her: that she was visiting her mother in Denmark, that she was visiting the Canary Islands with a friend, or that he simply did not know her whereabouts. Helle's friends were aware that Richard had a volatile temper and grew concerned. Helle had told some of them, "If something happens to me, don't assume it was an accident." On December 1, the private investigator Keith Mayo reported her missing to the Newtown Police. Richard Crafts was known to local law enforcement for his work as a volunteer police officer in Newtown, and in 1986 Crafts was working as a part-time police officer in the nearby town of Southbury. According to Mayo, Newtown Police initially dismissed his concerns, saying that Helle would probably return.
Convinced that Richard Crafts was involved in Helle's disappearance, but unable to persuade local police to investigate him for murder, Mayo took his findings to the county prosecutor, who eventually referred the case to the Connecticut State Police. On December 26, while Richard was vacationing with his children in Florida, troopers searched his home. Inside, they found pieces of carpet taken from the master bedroom floor. The family's nanny recalled that a dark, grapefruit-sized stain had appeared in an area of the carpet, which was later missing. There was also a blood smear on the side of the bed mattress. The forensic investigation was led by Henry Lee, who at the time was an investigator for the state police.
Richard's credit card records showed several unusual purchases around the time Helle vanished, including a freezer that was not found in the house, bed sheets, a comforter, and the rental of a woodchipper. Among papers provided to a private investigator by Richard was a receipt for a chainsaw; the chainsaw was later found in Lake Zoar covered in hair and blood which matched Helle's DNA. A key piece of evidence was provided by Joseph Hine, a local man who worked for the town of Southbury and drove a town snowplow in the winter. On the night of November 18, hours after Helle had been last seen, Hine was plowing the roads during the snowstorm when he noticed a rental truck, with a woodchipper attached, parked close to the shore of Lake Zoar.
It was only after the search of the Crafts' house that Hine reported what he had seen. He led detectives to the location, where they examined the water's edge and found many small pieces of metal and some 3 ounces (85 g) of human tissue, including the crown of a tooth, a fingernail covered in pink nail polish, bone chips, 2,660 bleached blonde human hairs, and O type blood, which was the same type as that of Helle Crafts. This led the police to conclude the remains had likely been fed through the woodchipper Richard had been seen towing. Additionally, a chainsaw that contained traces of blonde human hair was found under water. Though the serial number marking on the chainsaw was scrubbed away, the investigators restored the number in the laboratory. The serial number on the tool was traced to the retailer, whose records confirmed that Richard Crafts had purchased the chainsaw. Investigators concluded that Richard struck Helle in the head with something blunt at least twice, staining the carpet with blood, then kept her body in the freezer for hours until she was frozen solid. He then cut her apart with the chainsaw, and then put the pieces through the woodchipper, probably projecting her fragmented remains into the truck and then shoveling them out onto the shore.
A prosecution for homicide requires an official determination of the death of the alleged victim; typically this is done by identification of a body, which was not available in this case. With the help of a forensic dentist, the tooth crown found on the water's edge was positively matched to Helle's dental records. On this evidence, the Connecticut State Medical Examiner's Office issued a death certificate on January 13, 1987; Richard was immediately arrested. In preparation for trial, state medical examiner H. Wayne Carver obtained a pig carcass that was fed through a woodchipper. The shape of, and marks on, the pig's bone chips after this process were similar to the shape of Helle's bone fragments, strengthening the hypothesis that Richard had used a woodchipper to dispose of his wife's body.
Richard Crafts' murder trial began in May 1988 in New London, where it was moved due to extensive local publicity. The case went to the jury after 54 days. On July 15, 1988, the 17th day of jury deliberations, a single juror—the only juror in favor of acquittal—refused to continue with deliberations, and the judge declared a mistrial. A second trial in Norwalk ended in a guilty verdict on November 21, 1989. Richard was sentenced to serve 50 years in prison. On January 30, 2020, Richard was released from prison and sent to live at a halfway house in Bridgeport. Richard was released early because of "statutory good time," which allows sentences to be shortened for good behavior and jailhouse jobs. Crafts's maximum release date was listed by the State Department of Correction (DOC) as August 1, 2020.
In popular culture edit
The special edition DVD of the 1996 film Fargo contains a statement that the film was inspired by the Crafts case, particularly the very end of the film where a character, played by Steve Buscemi, is killed and his body is put through a woodchipper.
In "The Good Doctor", an episode of Law & Order: Criminal Intent, the investigation into the missing wife of a plastic surgeon leads to a successful conviction without a corpse, under the theory that the body was dissolved in sulfuric acid in the bathtub, and the bones dumped out of the husband's single-engine aircraft.
See also edit
- The Woodchipper Wife Killer. Crime Stories. 2008.
- Ravo, Nick; Times, Special To the New York (1988-05-15). "Everything but a Body in Murder Trial". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-08-05.
- Ph.D, Steven Chermak; Bailey, Frankie Y. (2016-01-25). Crimes of the Centuries: Notorious Crimes, Criminals, and Criminal Trials in American History [3 volumes]: Notorious Crimes, Criminals, and Criminal Trials in American History. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-61069-594-7.
- Strong, Marilee; Powelson, Mark (2010-06-10). Erased: Missing Women, Murdered Wives. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-89400-2.
- Gado, Mark. The Woodchipper Murder Case Chapter 13 – A Verdict Arrives. truTV Crime Library: Criminal Minds and Methods. Time Warner. Archived from the original on 2013-03-10. Retrieved 2010-03-11.
- McMurray, Kevin (2009-11-19). "23 years ago, Richard Crafts was more willing to part with his wife than his money". NewsTimes. Retrieved 2022-07-02.
- Lee, Henry C. (2011-02-10). Cracking Cases: The Science of Solving Crimes. Prometheus Books. ISBN 978-1-61592-048-8.
- Stall, Sam (2013-10-01). Suburban Legends: True Tales of Murder, Mayhem, and Minivans. Quirk Books. ISBN 978-1-59474-653-6.
- Fisher, Barry A. J.; Tilstone, William J.; Woytowicz, Catherine (2009-02-06). Introduction to Criminalistics: The Foundation of Forensic Science. Academic Press. ISBN 978-0-08-091675-0.
- Miletich, John J. (2003). Homicide Investigation: An Introduction. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-4625-8.
- Altimari, Dave (May 23, 2013). "Chief State Medical Examiner Carver Retires". Hartford Courant. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
- Clark, Curt. "Ten Years Ago, The Crafts Murder Case Was A Pivotal Experience For Many". www.newtownbee.com. Retrieved 2022-07-02.
- "Sentence". The New York Times. 1990-01-09. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Andrew Gorosko. "Richard Crafts Moved To Homeless Shelter For Veterans". www.newtownbee.com. Retrieved 2022-07-02.
- "Richard Crafts, notorious wood chipper murderer, released from prison". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 2022-07-02.
- Gado, Mark (1986-11-18). "All about the Woodchipper Murder Case". Crimelibrary.com. Archived from the original on 2008-05-12. Retrieved 2010-02-28.
- "The Disappearance of Helle Crafts" – via www.imdb.com.
- The Woodchipper Murder by Arthur Herzog