Lake Zoar is a reservoir on the Housatonic River in the U.S. state of Connecticut. It was formed by the completion of the Stevenson Dam, which flooded an area of Oxford and Stevenson named "Pleasantvale" or "Pleasant Vale". "Connecticut's Lakes Reflect Our History, Present". Retrieved 2018-04-02. The towns of Monroe, Newtown, Oxford, and Southbury border Lake Zoar.[2] The name Zoar originates from corner of Newtown and Monroe that once called itself Zoar after the Biblical city Zoara near the Dead Sea.[3]

Lake Zoar
Partially frozen Lake Zoar viewed from the Pomperaug Trail just south of Oxford Connecticut's Jackson Cove Town Park.
Partially frozen Lake Zoar viewed from the Pomperaug Trail just south of Oxford Connecticut's Jackson Cove Town Park.
Lake Zoar is located in Connecticut
Lake Zoar
Lake Zoar
LocationFairfield and New Haven counties, Connecticut
Coordinates41°23′18″N 73°10′39″W / 41.38833°N 73.17750°W / 41.38833; -73.17750Coordinates: 41°23′18″N 73°10′39″W / 41.38833°N 73.17750°W / 41.38833; -73.17750
Typereservoir
Managing agencyLake Zoar Authority, 'FirstLight Power Resources'
First flooded1919 (1919)
Max. length10 miles (16 km)
Surface area909 acres (368 ha)
Average depth29 feet (8.8 m)
Max. depth72 feet (22 m)
References[1]

Lake Zoar AuthorityEdit

The Lake Zoar Authority (LZA) is an organization for promoting safety on the lake and improving water quality. The members represent the four towns bordering the lake and meet on a monthly basis. Authority is granted through the Connecticut General Statutes, section 7-151a (of the 1969 supplement).[4]

Notable eventsEdit

  • 1984: Joyce Stochmal, 19, murdered and her body dumped into the lake.[5]
  • November 1986: Richard Crafts murdered his wife Helle Crafts in Newtown, froze the body, cut it up with a chainsaw and finally put it through a woodchipper from a bridge into the lake.[6]
  • September 7, 2005: A 37-year-old man named Frank Northrop died while water-skiing on the lake.[7]
  • July 17, 2007: Bonnie Thayer, 64, found dead by a scuba diver due to suicide by drowning after her disappearance in July 2005.[8]
  • July 6, 2011: 6 Easton, Trumbull, and Burlington residents injured in boat crash.[9]
  • July 2017: Randall Pineau, 52, hit and killed by a ski boat.[10]

RecreationEdit

BoatingEdit

There is a speed limit of 45 mph (72 km/h) limit daytime, 25 mph (40 km/h) from 30 minutes after sunset to 30 minutes before sunrise. Vessels are prohibited from approaching within 300 feet (91 m) on upstream side or 700 feet (210 m) on downstream side of Stevenson Dam.[11] Activities including fishing, water-skiing and jet skiing are permitted.

AccessEdit

Each of the towns has a public access boat launch. The Southbury location is maintained by the state of Connecticut and is open to non-town residents. Additionally, there is canoe access from Kettletown State Park.

  • Monroe, Zoar Beach Boat Ramp.[12]
  • Newtown, Eichler's Cove.[13]
  • Oxford, Jackson Cove Park.[14]
  • Southbury, at the end of Scout Road.[11]

Sand BarEdit

The Sand Bar is an accumulation of sand close to the center of Lake Zoar. It is a popular meeting destination for all boaters alike. The depth of the water above the sand bar varies upon the generation schedule of "First Light Hydro Generation." The depth varies from 6 inches of water at its most shallow point to a foot before receiving. The area stretches about a quarter.[clarification needed]

FishingEdit

Lake Zoar is not stocked yearly with fish by the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection, but the Pootatuck and Pomperaug rivers feed into it are heavily stocked with trout, many of which eventually make their way into the lake.

Fish speciesEdit

The lake contains the desirable Smallmouth Bass, Largemouth Bass, Northern Pike, White Perch, Yellow Perch, Calico Bass (Black Crappie), White Catfish (Ictalurus catus), Brown Bullhead, Rainbow Trout, and the Common Carp.

PCBs and fish consumptionEdit

Until the chemical was banned in the 70s, the Pittsfield, Mass. General Electric Factory routinely dumped PCBs into the Housatonic. Trout, catfish, eel, carp, or northern pike from Lake Zoar are unsafe for consumption while yellow perch, calico bass, rock bass, bluegill, and sunfish can be eaten sparingly and bass should be avoided by high-risk groups.[15] In a 2008 study by the United States Department of Health and Human Services Smallmouth Bass varied between 0.35 and 0.58 ppm, suitable for one meal per month. PCB levels in the lake have fallen considerably since the 1980s.[16]

Invasive speciesEdit

Four invasive plant species exist in the lake as of a 2007 study, including Eurasian watermilfoil, Brittle waternymph, Curly leaf pondweed, and European waterclover.[17]

As with all the Housatonic River impoundments south of Bulls Bridge, Zebra Mussels have invaded and colonized Lake Zoar.[18]

HikingEdit

The Zoar Trail is a 6.5-mile (10.5 km) Blue-Blazed Trail in Newtown maintained by the Connecticut Forest and Park Association.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "About". Lake Zoar Authority. Retrieved 2012-06-08.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Lake Zoar Authority". lakezoarauthority.org. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  3. ^ Burgeson, John (2017-09-06). "Stevenson Dam celebrates 100 years". Connecticut Post. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-24. Retrieved 2010-08-02.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "After Killer Released from Prison, Victim's Family Turns to State Capitol". Newtown, CT Patch. 2017-03-06. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  6. ^ "23 years ago, Richard Crafts was more willing to part with his wife than his money". Newstimes.com. 19 November 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  7. ^ "Man dies water-skiing on Lake Zoar". ctpost.com. 7 September 2005. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Body Of Missing Woman Found In Lake Zoar". www.newtownbee.com. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  9. ^ "6 injured in Lake Zoar boat crash". Connecticut Post. 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  10. ^ "Sandy Hook Man, 52, Killed In Boat Collision On Lake Zoar". Newtown Daily Voice. 2017-07-12. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  11. ^ a b "Lake Zoar Boat Launch Southbury". Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental Protection. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-08-05. Retrieved 2010-08-02.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "TOWN OF NEWTOWN : PARKS & RECREATION COMMISSION" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2010-08-02.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "If I Catch It, Can I Eat It? A Guide to Eating Fish Safely 2021 Connecticut Fish Consumption Advisory" (PDF). CT.gov. 2021. Retrieved 2021-07-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. ^ "Health Consultation: Public Health Evaluation of Fish Contaminant Data in the Housatonic River: LAKE ZOAR, LAKE LILLINONAH, WEST CORNWALL, AND BULL'S BRIDGE IN KENT, CONNECTICUT" (PDF). Atsdr.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  17. ^ "Invasive Plant Species" (PDF). Friendsofthelake.org. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  18. ^ "Zebra mussels found in two critical Connecticut lakes - Lake Scientist". Lakescientist.com. 18 October 2010. Retrieved 2 September 2018.