Muhammad bin Sabah Al-Sabah

Muhammad bin Sabah Al-Sabah (Arabic: الشيخ محمد بن صباح الصباح) also known as Noor Al Sabah, (1838 – 17 May 1896) was the sixth ruler of the Sheikhdom of Kuwait between May 1892 and May 1896 during which he held the title of Pasha from the Ottoman Sultan. He was the second son of Sabah II Al-Sabah and succeeded his half-brother Abdullah II Al-Sabah upon his death in 1892.[1]

Muhammad bin Sabah Al-Sabah
6th Ruler of Kuwait
ReignMay 1892 – 1896
Sheikhdom of Kuwait
PredecessorAbd Allah II
SuccessorMubarak I
Sheikhdom of Kuwait
Died17 May 1896(1896-05-17) (aged 57–58)
FatherSabah II
Mothera daughter of Emir Muhammad bin Ibrahim Al Thaqib

When Muhammad came to power, disagreements soon arose between him and his brother Mubarak. Muhammad dealt with this by occupying Mubarak with foreign affairs, dispatching him to Hasa with an Ottoman force, and to the desert in order to settle affairs amongst tribes without providing funding.[2]

In 1896, Mubarak summoned his sons Jaber and Salim, and some supporters, and rode to Kuwait where they secretly entered Muhammad's house.[2] Muhammad and his brother Jarrah were assassinated in his house by Mubarak Al-Sabah on 17 May 1896.[1][3]

Following the assassination Mubarak became the ruler of Kuwait[4] and the sons of Muhammad and Jarrah exiled to al Zubayr and stayed there until 1921.[5]


  1. ^ a b H. St. John Philby (1955). Saudi Arabia. New York: F.A. Praeger. p. 236. OCLC 317764387.
  2. ^ a b Jill Crystal (1995). Oil and politics in the Gulf: Rulers and merchants in Kuwait and Qatar. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 23. ISBN 9780511558818.
  3. ^ Salwa Alghanim (15 October 1998). The Reign of Mubarak-Al-Sabah: Shaikh of Kuwait 1896–1915. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 9781860643507.
  4. ^ Peter Sluglett (December 2002). "The Resilience of a Frontier: Ottoman and Iraqi Claims to Kuwait, 1871-1990". The International History Review. 24 (4): 788. JSTOR 40111134.
  5. ^ Abdulrahman Alebrahim (2018). "Kuwaiti-Zubayri Intellectual Relations until the Beginning of the Twentieth Century: 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Rushayd as an Example". In Marc Owen Jones; Ross Porter; Marc Valeri (eds.). Gulfization of the Arab World. Berlin, Germany: Gerlach Press. pp. 133–150.
Muhammad bin Sabah Al-Sabah
Born: 1831 Died: 17 May 1896
Regnal titles
Preceded by Sheikh of Kuwait
Succeeded by