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Mueang Samut Prakan (Thai: เมืองสมุทรปราการ, pronounced [mɯ̄a̯ŋ sā.mùt prāː.kāːn]) or colloquially as Paknam Samut Prakan (Thai: ปากน้ำสมุทรปราการ) is the capital district (amphoe mueang) of Samut Prakan Province, central Thailand. The district has the highest population of all districts of Thailand.

Mueang Samut Prakan

เมืองสมุทรปราการ
Bang Pu Mangrove in 2002
District location in Samut Prakan Province
District location in Samut Prakan Province
Coordinates: 13°36′2″N 100°35′48″E / 13.60056°N 100.59667°E / 13.60056; 100.59667Coordinates: 13°36′2″N 100°35′48″E / 13.60056°N 100.59667°E / 13.60056; 100.59667
CountryThailand
ProvinceSamut Prakan
SeatPak Nam
Area
 • Total190.56 km2 (73.58 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total537,320
 • Density2,819.73/km2 (7,303.1/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code10270
Geocode1101

AdministrationEdit

The district is divided into 13 sub-districts (tambons). The city (thesaban nakhon) of Samut Prakan includes tambon Pak Nam. There are five sub-district municipalities (thesaban tambons): Dan Sam Rong includes parts of tambon Samrong Nuea; Samrong Nuea includes further parts of tambon Samron Nuea and parts of Bang Mueang Mai and Thepharak. Bang Mueang includes parts of tambons Bang Mueang, Bang Mueang Mai, and Thepharak. Bang Pu includes tambons Bang Pu, Bang Pu Mai, Thai Ban, and Thai Ban Mai; Phraek Sa covers parts of tambons Phraek Sa and Phraek Sa Mai. There are six tambon administrative organizations (TAOs) responsible for the non-municipal areas.

No. Name Thai name Villages Pop.[1]
1. Pak Nam ปากน้ำ - 51,699
2. Samrong Nuea สำโรงเหนือ 10 72,772
3. Bang Mueang บางเมือง 10 67,115
4. Thai Ban ท้ายบ้าน 11 25,584
8. Bang Pu Mai บางปูใหม่ 10 39,094
10. Phraek Sa แพรกษา 8 59,279
11. Bang Prong บางโปรง 4 10,106
12. Bang Pu บางปู 4 6,784
13. Bang Duan บางด้วน 8 7,964
14. Bang Mueang Mai บางเมืองใหม่ 11 52,277
15. Teparak เทพารักษ์ 9 49,299
16. Thai Ban Mai ท้ายบ้านใหม่ 8 47,951
17. Phraek Sa Mai แพรกษาใหม่ 6 47,396

The missing geocodes in the table are the tambons which were split off at the creation of Phra Samut Chedi District.

EconomyEdit

Interhides Public Company (IHL)[2] operates nine tanning factories in Bang Pu Mai and is building a tenth factory there to be operational by 2020. IHL produce finished leathers for international footwear, automotive, and furniture companies.[3]

EnvironmentEdit

The district's coastline has seen severe erosion since the 1990s.[4] Coastal mangrove forests were destroyed and replaced with shrimp farms. Three to five metres of shoreline has been submerged every year since then, resulting in the loss of 4,000 rai of land to the sea.[5]

Thailand lost almost one third of its coastal mangrove forests between 1961 and 2000. According to Thailand's Department of Marine and Coastal Resources, a quarter of the country's shores—about 700 kilometres (500 miles)—are eroding, some "severely".[6]

EducationEdit

The Thai Sikh International School is in Samrong, in the district.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population statistics 2017". Department of provincial administration. Archived from the original on 2018-04-04. Retrieved 2018-04-04. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  2. ^ Tuntiwutthipong, Worrapong (7 June 2017). "Company Update: Interhides" (PDF). krungsri Securities. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Interhides: The first tannery in Asia to be awarded Global Tannery of the Year 2018". Bangkok Post. 30 March 2018.
  4. ^ Barrow, Richard. "Khun Samut Chin". Explore Samut Prakan. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  5. ^ Wipatayotin, Apinya (10 December 2017). "Shoring up defences" (in Spectrum). Bangkok Post. 10 (50). Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  6. ^ "Against the tide: Thai 'floating temple' defies coastal erosion". The Nation. Agence France-Presse. 2019-04-08. Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  7. ^ "Contact Us." Thai Sikh International School

External linksEdit