Mount Ikoma (生駒山, Ikoma-yama) is a mountain on the border of Nara Prefecture and Osaka Prefecture in Japan. It is the highest peak in the Ikoma Mountains with a height of 642 meters.

Mount Ikoma
生駒山
Mount Ikoma.jpg
A view of Mt. Ikoma
Highest point
Elevation642 m (2,106 ft)
Coordinates34°40′42.43″N 135°40′44.29″E / 34.6784528°N 135.6789694°E / 34.6784528; 135.6789694Coordinates: 34°40′42.43″N 135°40′44.29″E / 34.6784528°N 135.6789694°E / 34.6784528; 135.6789694
Naming
PronunciationJapanese: [ikomajama]
Geography
Mount Ikoma is located in Japan
Mount Ikoma
Mount Ikoma
Parent rangeIkoma Mountains

Mount Ikoma is a part of Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen Quasi-National Park. It is one of the most famous picnic spots in the Kansai region. On the top of the mountain, there are many TV towers for broadcasting to the Kansai region and Ikoma Sanjo Amusement Park.

Cherry trees in blossom on Mount Ikoma

HistoryEdit

Mount Ikoma was an important object of worship for ancient Japanese people. On the east foot of the mountain, Ikoma Jinja (literally 'Shrine for Mount Ikoma') has been extant since the 5th century. The mountain and the Hozan-ji temple near the summit were traditionally celebrated as national scenery and included in well-known woodblock series such as the "Sixty-eight National Views."

After the Second World War, the west foot of the mountain started to host religious institutions serving the spiritual needs of Korean immigrants and residents of Korean descent, mostly women.[1]

The city itself was transformed by the Kintetsu train tunnel. Pilgrims and visitors to the temple grew, as well as tourist-related inns and eating establishments. After the Pacific War, the area below the temple developed into an active red-light and entertainment district. The local geisha prospered.

Ikoma today retains a bit of the old atmosphere with its winding, narrow streets. Ikoma nurtured lively traditional Japanese arts such as dance and varieties of Japanese music. The walk down from the mountain temple to the town is a noted area for cherry blossoms, as is the mountain itself with its Ikoma Skyline Drive developed by Kintetsu Corporation.

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Mount Ikoma has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Mount Ikoma is 12.1 °C (53.8 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,527.7 mm (60.15 in) with June as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.6 °C (74.5 °F), and lowest in January, at around 0.9 °C (33.6 °F).[2]

Climate data for Mount Ikoma (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1976−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.2
(57.6)
18.4
(65.1)
21.5
(70.7)
26.8
(80.2)
27.9
(82.2)
31.4
(88.5)
33.4
(92.1)
34.3
(93.7)
31.7
(89.1)
28.3
(82.9)
22.1
(71.8)
21.4
(70.5)
34.3
(93.7)
Average high °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
5.7
(42.3)
10.0
(50.0)
15.8
(60.4)
20.4
(68.7)
23.1
(73.6)
26.9
(80.4)
28.6
(83.5)
24.3
(75.7)
18.5
(65.3)
12.9
(55.2)
7.3
(45.1)
16.5
(61.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
1.5
(34.7)
5.0
(41.0)
10.5
(50.9)
15.2
(59.4)
18.7
(65.7)
22.5
(72.5)
23.6
(74.5)
19.9
(67.8)
14.4
(57.9)
9.0
(48.2)
3.6
(38.5)
12.1
(53.7)
Average low °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
1.0
(33.8)
6.3
(43.3)
11.3
(52.3)
15.5
(59.9)
19.7
(67.5)
20.5
(68.9)
16.9
(62.4)
11.4
(52.5)
5.9
(42.6)
0.6
(33.1)
8.8
(47.8)
Record low °C (°F) −9.7
(14.5)
−11.7
(10.9)
−8.7
(16.3)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.5
(34.7)
8.2
(46.8)
12.2
(54.0)
13.0
(55.4)
8.0
(46.4)
1.1
(34.0)
−3.1
(26.4)
−7.5
(18.5)
−11.7
(10.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 52.2
(2.06)
64.8
(2.55)
111.8
(4.40)
114.2
(4.50)
161.3
(6.35)
213.6
(8.41)
199.2
(7.84)
146.4
(5.76)
166.5
(6.56)
155.4
(6.12)
81.6
(3.21)
60.6
(2.39)
1,527.7
(60.15)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.2 7.3 10.2 10.2 10.6 12.6 12.0 8.8 11.3 10.0 7.6 7.0 113.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 126.6 122.5 159.0 183.9 191.5 138.1 158.4 206.6 150.9 156.3 141.1 132.2 1,864.4
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3][2]

AccessEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mai Takano, Korean residents find peace of mind at Mount Ikoma temples, Japan Times Nov. 16, 2012.
  2. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  3. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 12, 2022.

External linksEdit