Mount Chappell Island

The Mount Chappell Island, part of the Badger Group within the Furneaux Group, is a 323-hectare (800-acre) unpopulated granite island with a distinctive central hill, located in Bass Strait, lying west of the Flinders and Cape Barren islands, Tasmania, south of Victoria, in south-eastern Australia.[2]

Mount Chappell Island
Mount Chappell Island is located in Tasmania
Mount Chappell Island
Mount Chappell Island
Location of the Mount Chappell Island in Bass Strait
EtymologyFlinders: Mount Chappelle, for his wife's maiden name[1]
Geography
LocationBass Strait
Coordinates40°16′12″S 147°55′12″E / 40.27000°S 147.92000°E / -40.27000; 147.92000Coordinates: 40°16′12″S 147°55′12″E / 40.27000°S 147.92000°E / -40.27000; 147.92000
ArchipelagoBadger Group, part of the Furneaux Group
Area323 ha (800 acres)
Administration
Australia
StateTasmania

The island was originally named Mount Chappelle by Matthew Flinders for his wife's maiden name.[1] The island is private property, used for grazing sheep and Cape Barren geese, and is a classic example of natural habitat degradation caused by human activities.[3] The island forms part of the Chalky, Big Green and Badger Island Groups Important Bird Area.[4]

FaunaEdit

The island's habitats have been severely modified by slashing, ploughing, grazing and burning. Short-tailed shearwaters breed there. Little penguins used to breed in large numbers but have since ceased to do so. Apart from sheep, mammals introduced deliberately or inadvertently are the house mouse, a species of rat and feral cats. Reptiles present include Bougainville's skink, spotted skink, metallic skink, three-lined skink and tiger snake.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Flinders, Matthew (1802). Observations.
  2. ^ "Mount Chappell Island (TAS)". Gazetteer of Australia online. Geoscience Australia, Australian Government.
  3. ^ a b Brothers, Nigel; Pemberton, David; Pryor, Helen; & Halley, Vanessa. (2001). Tasmania’s Offshore Islands: seabirds and other natural features. Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery: Hobart. ISBN 0-7246-4816-X
  4. ^ "IBA: Chalky, Big Green and Badger Island Groups". Birdata. Birds Australia. Retrieved 14 June 2011.